519th Military Intelligence Battalion (Collection) (Airborne)
519th Military Intelligence Battalion (Tactical Exploitation) (Airborne)
As part of the transformation of the 525th Military Intelligence Brigade to a Battlefield Surveillance Brigade in 2008, the 519th Military Intelligence Battalion transformed from a Tactical Exploitation Battalion to a Collection Battalion.
Previously, the mission of the 519th Military Intelligence Battalion (Tactical Exploitation) (Airborne) had been to conduct interrogation of prisoners of war, counterintelligence, and long range reconnaissance and surveillance in support of XVIII Airborne Corps and subordinate divisions.
The 519th Military Intelligence Battalion (Collection) (Airborne) was first constituted on 1 October 1948 in the Regular Army as the 519th Headquarters Intelligence Detachment and activated on 15 October 1948 at Fort Riley, Kansas. The Detachment was reorganized and redesignated on 10 May 1949 as Headquarters, 519th Military Intelligence Platoon, on 11 August 1949 as the 519th Military Intelligence Service Platoon, on 21 November 1951 as the 519th Military Intelligence Service Battalion, and again on 31 December 1953 as the 519th Military Intelligence Battalion.
The unit was reorganized and redesignated on 25 January 1958 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 519th Military Intelligence Battalion. The 523rd Military Intelligence Company was reorganized and redesignated on 15 July 1959 as Company A, 519th Military Intelligence Battalion. The 523rd Military Intelligence Company was first constituted on 25 September 1950 in the Regular Army as the 523rd Military Intelligence Service Platoon and activated on 10 October 1950 at Fort Riley, Kansas. The Platoon was reorganized and redesignated on 1 September 1952 as the 523d Military Intelligence Service Company and again on 28 March 1954 as the 523rd Military Intelligence Company. It was inactivated on 15 November 1954 in Korea before being reactivated on 25 January 1958 at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. As a result of this lineage, Company A was entitled to 7 campaign streamers for service during the Korean War: First UN Counteroffensive, CCF Spring Offensive, UN Summer-Fall Offensive, Second Korean Winter, Korea Summer-Fall 1952, Third Korean Winter, and Korea, Summer 1953. The Company had also earned one Meritorious Unit Commendation and 2Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citations for its service in Korea.
During the Vietnam conflict, the battalion again left the United States and distinguished itself by participating in 16 campaigns: Defense, Counteroffensive, Counteroffensive Phase II, Counteroffensive Phase III, Tet Counteroffensive, Counteroffensive Phase IV, Counteroffensive Phase V, Counteroffensive Phase VI, Tet 69/Counteroffensive, Summer-Fall 1969, Winter-Spring 1970, Sanctuary Counteroffensive, Counteroffensive Phase VII, Consolidation I, Consolidation II, and Cease-Fire. The Battalion as a whole earned 3 Meritorious Unit Commendations, whicle Company C recieved an additional Meritorious Unit Commendation. In 1972, the Battalion returned to Fort Bragg, North Carolina.
After several reorganizations, the Battalion officially achieved a 3-company configuration in September 1978, with Headquarters, Headquarters and Service Company, Company A (Interrogation), and Company B (Counterintelligence). In April 1981, the Forces Command Intelligence Training Detachment (FITD) was attached to the Battalion, bringing with it the mission of training Army Reserve and National Guard units throughout the United States.
On 16 April 1982, the Battalion was reorganized and redesignated the 519th Military Intelligence Battalion (Tactical Exploitation) (Airborne), resulting in the activation of Company C (Electronic Warfare). Company C was subsequently inactivated and F Company (Long Range Surveillance), 51st Infantry Regiment was assigned to the Battalion to provide the Corps with long range surveillance capability.
The Battalion participated in combat operations in Grenada during Operation Urgent Fury, in Panama during Operation Just Cause, and in the Kuwaiti Theater of Operations during Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm). The 519th Military Intelligence Battalion, as a subordinate unit of the 525th Military Intelligence Brigade, provided the highest quality ground-based Signals Intelligence, Human Intelligence, and Counterintelligence support to the XVIII Airborne Corps and Corps Major Support Commands.
As of mid-2001, the Battalion had elements deployed in support of Operations in Europe, Southwest Asia, the Caribbean, and the Pacific and remained ready to deploy world-wide in a moments notice.
In 2008, the 525th Military Intelligence Brigade transformed into a modular Battlefield Surveillance Brigade. The 519th Military Intellingence Battalion was reorganized into a Collection Battalion, but remained assigned to the 525th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade.
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