3rd Battalion, 13th Field Artillery Regiment
The mission of the 3rd Battalion, 13th Field Artillery Regiment, "Red Dragons," is to deploy anywhere in the world at anytime to provide timely, accurate and safe fires in support of US interests.
The 3rd Battalion, 13th Field Artillery Regiment was first constituted 1 July 1916 in the Regular Army as Battery C, 13th Field Artillery. The unit was organized on 1 June 1917 at Camp Stewart, Texas with remnants on the old 5th Field Artillery Regiment's Battery D, the unit which Alexander Hamilton fought with during the Revolutionary War.
After a period of reorganization, the 13th Field Artillery as a whole was assigned to the 4th Division on 10 December 1917. The 13th Field Artillery sailed for France in May 1918, to join other American units fighting the Germans in World War I. The unit's most notable achievements were a march from Esnes to Malincourt during the night of 26-27 September 1918. The march was over very difficult terrain and against resistance, including crossing the Vesle River. Heavy losses were sustained and 2 pieces put out of action by direct hits. The night march to Malincourt was commemorated by the dragon crest, that mythical animal typifying the inferno that prevailed that night. The Vesle episode was commemorated by the broken howitzer on the coat of arms. The unit participated in several other campaigns in World War I to include: Aisne-Marne, St. Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne, Champagne 1918, and Lorraine 1918. Following the end of World War I, the unit continued to serve as part of the Army of Occupation in the Rhineland until July 1919.
The 13th Field Artillery was relieved on 4 October 1920 from assignment to the 4th Division. On 1 March 1921, the unit was assigned to the Hawaiian Division and made its headquarters at Schofield Barracks. The unit remained in Hawaii for the next 20 years and Hawaiian Division subsequently became the 24th Infantry Division. On 1 October 1941, the unit was reorganized and redesignated as Battery C, 13th Field Artillery Battalion and assigned to the newly organized 24th Infantry Division.
On 7 December 1941, the soldiers of unit were among the first to receive enemy fire from the Japanese planes flying overhead in the event that was to involve the United States in World War II. In September 1943, the unit sailed with the 24th Infantry Division to Camp Caves, Australia for a 2-month period of Amphibious Warfare Training.
On 22 April 1944, the unit landed with the 24th Infantry Division on the beaches of Tanahmerah Bay, the Airdromes of Hollandia their objective. The skillful and accurate fires of the unit were credited as the decisive factor in rapid capture of the objective. The unit continued on to participate in the Leyte Operation in the Campaign of Philippine Liberation and was awarded the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation. For its efforts in World War II, the unit received streamers for the Central Pacific, New Guinea, Luzon, Leyte and Southern Philippines. Following the defeat of Japan, the unit moved to Japan to participate again as part of the occupation force to demilitarize the Japanese Army.
It was from Japan that the unit was again called to war, this time Korea. The unit landed at Pusan in July 1950. Their mission was to support the 24th Infantry Division's delaying action to allow time for other units to be assembled and sent to Korea. The unit distinguished itself again by being awarded the Presidential Unit Citation for its efforts in the defense of Korea. The unit was also awarded the Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation. For its efforts in Korea, the unit received campaign streamers for the UN defensive, UN offensive, CCF intervention, First UN Counteroffensive, CCF Summer-Fall Offensive, Second Korean Winter, and Korean Summer 1953.
The unit returned to Japan in January 1953. It was inactivated on 31 March 1958 and relieved from assignment to the 24th Infantry Division. Though inactive, the unit was concurrently redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 3rd Battalion, 13th Artillery.
On 1 April 1960, the unit was redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 3rd Howitzer Battalion, 13th Artillery and assigned to the 25th Infantry Division. The unit was activated at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii, along with its organic elements, which were concurrently constituted and activated. On 3 August 1963 that the unit was redesignated as 3rd Battalion, 13th Artillery.
It was with the 25th Infantry Division that the Battalion deployed to Vietnam in 1966. The unit again distinguished itself by being awarded the Meritorious Unit Commendation for its efforts in Vietnam. The unit was also awarded the Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry with Palm. The unit received campaign streamers for the Counteroffensive Phases I-III, Tet Counteroffensive, Counteroffensive Phases IV-VI, Tet 1969 Counteroffensive, Summer-Fall 1969, Winter-Spring 1970, Sanctuary Counteroffensive, and finally the Counteroffensive Phase VII.
The Battalion was relieved of duty in Vietnam in 1970 and was sent back to Schofield Barracks. On 1 September 1971, the Battalion was redesignated as the 3rd Battalion, 13th Field Artillery. The Battalion remained in Hawaii until its inactivation and relief of assignment to the 25th Infantry Division on 1 October 1983.
The 3rd Battalion, 13th Field Artillery was activated assumed its new duty assignment with III Corps Artillery at Fort Sill, Oklahoma on 16 January, 1996 as part of the 214th Artillery Brigade.
During 2000, the 3-13th Field Artillery participated in the Army Tactical Missile System (ATACMS) Block II pilot and operational tests at Fort Sill, Oklahoma and White Sands Missile Range. The 3-13th Field Artillery also received a rigorous EXEVAL, which certified its combat readiness and rapid deployability.
In 2006, III Corps Artillery was inactivated and its subordinate brigades reorganized and redesignated as fires brigades, part of the US Army's modular force structure. The 3rd Battalion, 13th Field Artillery Regiment was subsequently reassigned and became part of the 75th Fires Brigade, which remained at Fort Sill, Oklahoma. By that time, the Battalion consisted of a Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 3 combat-ready Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) batteries, and the attached 66th Forward Support Company from the 100th Brigade Support Battalion.
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