Human Intelligence and Counterintelligence (CI) Support Tools (HICIST)
The HUMINT and Counterintelligence Support Tools (HICIST) Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD) is a joint OSD/ United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) / Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) initiative. It seeks to demonstrate the technologies, concepts and architecture paths to meet the Defense Community requirements for improving all-echelon satisfaction with the timeliness and accuracy of HUMINT and CI targeting, collection and dissemination. The demonstration phase of this ACTD ended in 2001.
The Department of Army has a major effort underway to support "digitizing the Army" with the latest state-of-the-art technology. However, historically and currently, the CI and HUMINT communities have not enjoyed the benefits of new technology modernization. The primary motivation for this ACTD is to examine state-of-the-art technologies and to determine their value and relevance to improving supporting CI/HUMINT operations.
Human Intelligence and Counterintelligence (CI) Support Tools (HICIST) is an accelerated effort to provide mature commercial and Government off-the-shelf technology to human intelligence (HUMINT) and CI personnel. HICIST is developing, integrating, and demonstrating the technologies, concepts, and architectures to meet requirements for improving all-echelon satisfaction with HUMINT and CI targeting, collection and dissemination. HICIST has completed several military utility assessments in which special operations forces, CI, HUMINT, Defense Attaches and Long Range Surveillance operators, including National Guard and Reserve, evaluated several targeting, collection and dissemination technologies in exercise scenarios relevant to their respective missions. These assessments resulted in: termination of some technologies and identification of improvements to be made in others before residual deployment; evolution of CONOPS and techniques, tactics and procedures; improvements in cross-echelon linkages; and deployment of a text translation device to Bosnia. Initial Operating Capability of the Analytic Support Cell was achieved. U.S. Special Operations Command is the operational sponsor.
HUMINT and CI Support Tools ACTD was a three-year effort to integrate national to tactical HUMINT by improving CONOPS, taking advantage of mature, off-the-shelf technologies repackaged as tools for targeting, collection, and dissemination, and using various utility assessments such as exercises, training facilities, joint field trials and other ACTD demonstrations. (Ongoing)
Some HICIST ACTD initiatives include:
HF Tactical Internet - networked data connectivity with handheld, secure HF radios that can connect a variety of sensors or disseminate reporting from individual users. The initiative will ultimately provide self-organizing, self-healing network capabilities to arrays of individual soldiers and autonomous sensors.
Multiband Inter/intra Team Radio - 2-pound, immersible, intra/inter team radio. This hand-held device is capable of a wide range of functions that include AM and FM compatibility, communications in the 30-512 MHz range, Type 1 encryption, and modulation and demodulation software features to provide frequency hopping technology compatible with SINCGARS. The MBITR provides CI/HUMINT, SOF, and LRS teams with a near-real-time collector-to-support site voice and data communications system that avoids intercept, detection, or exploitation
The military use and application of the desired technology is for the following CI/HUMINT applications: (1) Tactical through strategic operations. (2) Force Protection. (3) Reconnaissance Forces, specifically for division and corps Long-Range Surveillance (LRS) teams, and (4) Special Operations Forces (SOF).
(1) Miniature, Bio-Metric Sensors. Bio-metric verification is a method whereby an individual's unique physical or behavioral characteristics such as fingerprints, retinas, palm prints and voice fluctuation, can be used to verify truthfulness and/or identity. Because they are unique to each individual, bio-metrics can prevent fraud or deception. Unlike a password, a bio-metric cannot be lost, stolen or recreated. Also, using a RF type tag (invisible to the source) on an individual, will enable the physical tracking of the source's location. There are multiple applications for these devices to include: source tracking (as they travel), surveillance, source data-basing and identification, counter-terrorism (i.e. lie detector), and force protection.
(2) Voice Translation Device. A hand-held translation device to assist CI/HUMINT personnel in the field. It should be capable of voice-to-text, voice-to-synthesized-voice, and document scan. It should have a plug-in language module capability (to allow flexibility in the field). Looking for a device with the capability to initially demonstrate in five languages (French and German for Tactical Operations Center (TOC) operation scenarios and Arabic, Korean and Serbo-Croation for refugee screening/force protection scenarios). The device should be capable of evolving to address voice fluctuations and dialects of the mother language, and have the capability to accept additional language plug-in type modules.
(3) Tactical Communications. Technology sought: a. Medium to long-range, high and medium data rate, communications enabling both voice and data (ex: collected sensor information) transmission for strategic-to-tactical connectivity, and b. Hand-held communications systems providing secure, Low Probability of Intercept/Low Probability of Detection (LPI/LPD) transmission.
(4) Association Software. The use of "association software" means software that is not only able to provide multi-layered diagrams depicting structures and associations among all elements in the structure, but also maintains the underlying association relationships. An example diagram might be a hierarchy, a "tree", of people and their relationships to other people in that organization. Then, an example of an underlying association, would be another layer associated with this personnel tree containing the projects, activities, of every person in the organization, and the relationships of all personnel and project associations to any potential person or project in the tree. Some common nomenclature for this includes "link analysis" and "database associations."
The US Air Force Operational Test and Evaluation Center (AFOTEC) conducted a demonstration of Agentase's nerve agent TL-sensor during the Human Intelligence Counterintelligence Support Tools (HICIST) Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD) ant the U.S. Army Dugway Proving Grounds, Utah, from 21-25 May 2001. The sensor was operationally tested for utility in identifying the presence of nerve agent chemical weapons in simulated chemical and biological scenarios. Feedback from the evaluation will be used to improve the second generation product, expected to be available in November 2001.
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