Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)


Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)

The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) was created through a merger between the Former Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture (MOE) and the Science and Technology Agency (STA). In MEXT, three Bureaus and four Divisions are in charge of nuclear energy. MEXT is responsible for the administration of nuclear energy for science and technology. Its key roles are nuclear research and development (including nuclear fuel cycle, FBR, quantum research, fusion, and accelerator), utilization of radiation and radioisotopes, nuclear liability, safety regulation and disaster prevention for nuclear reactors for testing and research, use of nuclear fuel material, and regulation for ensuring peaceful use and safeguards. It is also responsible for supervision of the National Institute of Radiological Science, the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) and the Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC).

The Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), amongst other responsibilities, advises on R&D. The long-term programme for the development and use of nuclear energy is revised by the AEC every five years; the latest revision was in November 2000. Government responsibilities for R&D are shared between the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) and the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI). The MEXT is responsible for the planning and administration of nuclear energy for science and technology. It has three bureaus, each with several divisions. The MEXT plays a key role for nuclear research and development, including nuclear fuel cycle, FBR, fusion research and accelerators. The MEXT supervises the work of the Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC), established in 1998, and also that of the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), established in 1956. JNC is the main channel for the development of advanced reactors and establishment of the fuel cycle. In both there is close collaboration with the private sector, including shared funding on some projects. Since 1985, the Nuclear Ship Research and Development Agency has been integrated in JAERI. The Agency of Natural Resources and Energy carries out various activities, which include studies of improvements in reactor design and approval of design modifications proposed by utilities, and decommissioning.




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