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FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT FOR THE NEVADA TEST SITE AND OFF-SITE LOCATION IN THE STATE OF NEVADA

THE NEVADA TEST SITE

About NEPA

Reader's Guide

SUMMARY

    Introduction
    Public Comment Process on the Draft NTS Environmental ImpactStatement
    Summary of Significant Public Comments
    Summary of Significant Changes
    Purpose and Need
    Programs Considered
    Alternatives
    Affected Environments
    Comparison of Environmental Consequences
    Unavoidable Adverse Effects
    Cumulative Impacts
    Mitigation Measures
    Consultation and Coordination
    References

Chapter 1

    INTRODUCTION
    1.1 Organization of This Environmental Impact Statement
    1.2 Alternatives Analyzed
    1.3 Laws and Regulations
    1.4 Relationship of This Environmental Impact Statement and Other Statements
    1.5 Public Comment Process on the Draft NTS Environmental Impact Statement
    1.6 Changes from the Draft Sitewide Environmental Impact Statement
    1.6.1 Alternatives
    1.6.2 Preferred Alternative
    1.6.3 Summary of Significant Changes
    1.7 Next Steps
    1.8 References

Chapter 2

    2.1 Background
    2.2 Policy Considerations
    2.3 Purpose and Need for DOE Action
    2.4 Nevada Test Site Programs
    2.4.1 Defense Program
    2.4.2 Waste Management Program
    2.4.3 Environmental Restoration Program
    2.4.4 Nondefense Research and Development Program
    2.4.5 Work for Others Program
    2.5 Evaluation of Environmental Impacts and Risk
    2.5.1 Nevada Test Site Environmental Impact Statement
    2.5.2 Human Health Risk Assessment
    2.5.3 Transportation Study
    2.5.4 Environmental Restoration Assessments
    2.5.5 Performance Evaluation
    2.5.6 Performance Assessment and Composite Analysis
    2.5.6.1 Low-Level Waste Performance Assessments
    2.5.6.2 Composite Analyses
    2.6 Summary
    2.7 References

Chapter 3

    3.1 Alternatives
    3.1.1 Alternative 1, Continue Current Operations (No Action Alternative)
    3.1.1.1 Defense Program under Alternative 1
    3.1.1.2 Waste Management Program under Alternative 1.
    3.1.1.3 Environmental Restoration Program under Alternative 1
    3.1.1.4 Nondefense Research and Development Program under Alternative 1
    3.1.1.5 Work for Others Program under Alternative 1
    3.1.1.6 Land Use andZones under Alternative.
    3.1.2 Alternative 2, Discontinue Operations
    3.1.2.1 Defense Program under Alternative 2
    3.1.2.2 Waste Management Program under Alternative 2
    3.1.2.3 Environmental Restoration Program under Alternative 2
    3.1.2.4 Nondefense Research and Development Program under Alternative 2
    3.1.2.5 Work for Others Program under Alternative 2
    3.1.2.6 Land Use and Zones under Alternative 2
    3.1.3 Alternative 3, Expanded Use
    3.1.3.1 Defense Program under Alternative 3
    3.1.3.2 Waste Management Program under Alternative 3.
    3.1.3.3 Environmental Restoration Program under Alternative 3
    3.1.3.4 Nondefense Research and Development Program under Alternative 3
    3.1.3.5 Work for OthersProgram under Alternative 3
    3.1.3.6 Land Use and Zones under Alternative 3
    3.1.4 Alternative 4, Alternate Use of Withdrawn Lands
    3.1.4.1 Defense Program under Alternative 4
    3.1.4.2 Waste Management Program under Alternative 4
    3.1.4.3 Environmental Restoration Program under Alternative 4
    3.1.4.4 Nondefense Research and Development Program under Alternative 4
    3.1.4.5 Work for Others Program under Alternative 4
    3.1.4.6 Potential Public Uses of NTS Lands under Alternative 4
    3.1.4.7 Land Use and Zones under Alternative 4
    3.2 Alternatives Eliminated from Further Consideration
    3.2.1 Site Uses Defined by Program
    3.2.2 Site Closure with Complete Environmental Restoration
    3.2.3 Site Closure with Direct Relinquishment of Surplus Lands to the SovereignNations,the Public, Nye County, or the state of Nevada following Remediation
    3.2.4 Other Alternatives within the Range of Alternatives Considered
    3.2.5 Alternatives Including Rail Routes for Waste Transport
    3.2.6 Alternatives Considered But Eliminated from Consideration Prior To Scoping
    3.2.6.1 Yucca Mountain Repository Construction, Operation, and Closure
    3.2.6.2 Monitored Retrievable Storage of Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste at the NTS or in Lincoln County, Nevada.
    3.2.6.3 Claims for Past Damages Resulting from Atmospheric Testing
    3.3 Comparison of Alternatives and Environmental Impacts
    3.4 American Indian Overview of Environmental Impacts
    3.5 Summary of American Indian Responses to the NTS Action Alternatives
    3.6 Identification of the Preferred Alternative
    3.7 References

Chapter 4

    4.1 Nevada Test Site and Surrounding Areas
    4.1.1 Land Use
    4.1.1.1 Public Land Orders and Withdrawals.
    4.1.1.2 Land-Use Designations
    4.1.1.3 Site-Support Activities
    4.1.1.4 Airspace
    4.1.1.5 Waste Management Program
    4.1.2 Transportation
    4.1.2.1 On-Site Traffic
    4.1.2.2 Off-Site Traffic
    4.1.2.3 Transportation of Materials and Waste
    4.1.2.4 Other Transportation.
    4.1.3 Socioeconomics
    4.1.4 Geology and Soils
    4.1.4.1 Physiography
    4.1.4.2 Geology
    4.1.4.3 Soils.
    4.1.5 Hydrology
    4.1.5.1 Surface Hydrology
    4.1.5.2 Groundwater
    4.1.6 Biological Resources
    4.1.7 Air Quality and Climate
    4.1.8 Noise
    4.1.9 Visual Resources
    4.1.10 Cultural Resources
    4.1.11 Occupational and Public Health and Safety/Radiation
    4.1.12Environmental Justice.

4.2 Tonopah Test Range

    4.2.1 Land Use
    4.2.1.1 Public Land Orders and Withdrawals.
    4.2.1.2 Land Use Designations.
    4.2.1.3 Site-Support Activities.
    4.2.1.4 Airspace.
    4.2.1.5 Waste Management.
    4.2.2 Transportation.
    4.2.2.1 On-Site Traffic.
    4.2.2.2 Off-Site Traffic
    4.2.2.3 Transportation of Materials and Waste.
    4.2.2.4 Other Transportation.
    4.2.3 Socioeconomics
    4.2.4 Geology and Soils
    4.2.4.1 Physiography.
    4.2.4.2 Geology.
    4.2.4.3 Soils.
    4.2.5 Hydrology
    4.2.5.1 Surface Hydrology.
    4.2.5.2 Groundwater.
    4.2.6 Biological Resources
    4.2.7 Air Quality and Climate
    4.2.8 Noise
    4.2.9 Visual Resources
    4.2.10 Cultural Resources
    4.2.11 Occupational and Public Health and Safety Radiation
    4.2.12 Environmental Justice

4.3 Project Shoal Area

    4.3.1 Land Use
    4.3.1.1 Public Land Orders and Withdrawals.
    4.3.1.2 Land-Use Designations.
    4.3.1.3 Site-Support Activities.
    4.3.1.4 Airspace.
    4.3.2 Transportation
    4.3.3 Socioeconomics
    4.3.4 Geology and Soils
    4.3.4.1 Physiography.
    4.3.4.2 Geology.
    4.3.4.3 Soils.
    4.3.5 Hydrology
    4.3.5.1 Surface Hydrology.
    4.3.5.2 Groundwater.
    4.3.6 Biological Resources
    4.3.7
    4.3.8 Noise
    4.3.9 Visual Resources
    4.3.10 Cultural Resources
    4.3.11 Occupational and Public Health and Safety and Radiation
    4.3.12 Environmental Justice

4.4 Central Nevada Test Area

    4.4.1 Land Use
    4.4.1.1 Public Land Orders and Withdrawals.
    4.4.1.2 Land Use Designations.
    4.4.1.3 Site-Support Activities.
    4.4.1.4 Airspace.
    4.4.2 Transportation
    4.4.3 Socioeconomics
    4.4.4 Geology and Soils
    4.4.4.1 Physiography.
    4.4.4.2 Geology.
    4.4.4.3 Soils.
    4.4.5 Hydrology
    4.4.5.1 Surface Hydrology.
    4.4.5.2 Groundwater.
    4.4.6 Biological Resources
    4.4.7 Air Quality and Climate
    4.4.8 Noise
    4.4.9 Visual Resources
    4.4.10 Cultural Resources
    4.4.11 Occupational and Public Health and Safety and Radiation
    4.4.12 Environmental Justice

4.5 Eldorado Valley

    4.5.1 Land Use
    4.5.1.1 Public Land Orders and Withdrawals.
    4.5.1.2 Land-Use Designations.
    4.5.1.3 Site- Support Activities.
    4.5.1.4 Airspace.
    4.5.2 Transportation
    4.5.2.1 On-Site Traffic.
    4.5.2.2 Off-Site Traffic.
    4.5.2.3 Transportation of Materials and Waste.
    4.5.2.4 Other Transportation.
    4.5.3 Socioeconomics
    4.5.4 Geology and Soils
    4.5.4.1 Physiography. Eldorado Valley is a topographically closed basin of 1,373 km (530 mi2)
    4.5.4.2 Geology.
    4.5.4.3 Soils.
    4.5.5 Hydrology
    4.5.5.1 Surface Hydrology.
    4.5.5.2 Groundwater.
    4.5.6 Biological Resources
    4.5.7 Air Quality and Climate
    4.5.8 Noise
    4.5.9 Visual Resources
    4.5.10 Cultural Resources
    4.5.11 Occupational and Public Health and Safety
    4.5.12 Environmental Justice

4.6 Dry Lake Valley

    4.6.1 Land Use
    4.6.1.1 Public Land Orders and Withdrawals.
    4.6.1.2 Land-Use Designations.
    4.6.1.3 Site-Support Activities.
    4.6.1.4 Airspace.
    4.6.2 Transportation
    4.6.2.1 On-Site Traffic.
    4.6.2.2 Off-Site Traffic.
    4.6.2.3 Transportation of Materials and Waste.
    4.6.2.4 Other Transportation.
    4.6.3 Socioeconomics
    4.6.4 Geology and Soils
    4.6.4.1 Physiography.
    4.6.4.2 Geology.
    4.6.4.3 Soils.
    4.6.5 Hydrology
    4.6.5.1 Surface Hydrology.
    4.6.5.2 Groundwater.
    4.6.6 Biological Resources
    4.6.7 Air Quality and Climate
    4.6.8 Noise
    4.6.9 Visual Resources
    4.6.10 Cultural Resources
    4.6.11 Occupational and Public Health and Safety
    4.6.12 Environmental Justice

4.7 Coyote Spring Valley

    4.7.1 Land Use
    4.7.1.1 Public Land Orders and Withdrawals.
    4.7.1.2 Land-Use Designations.
    4.7.1.3 Site-Support Activities.
    4.7.1.4 Airspace.
    4.7.2 Transportation
    4.7.2.1 On-Site Traffic.
    4.7.2.2 Off-Site Traffic.
    4.7.2.3 Transportation of Materials and Waste.
    4.7.2.4 Other Transportation.
    4.7.3 Socioeconomics
    4.7.4 Geology and Soils
    4.7.4.1 Physiography.
    4.7.4.2 Geology.
    4.7.4.3 Soils.
    4.7.5 Hydrology
    4.7.5.1 Surface Hydrology.
    4.7.5.2 Groundwater.
    4.7.6 Biological Resources
    4.7.7 Air Quality and Climate
    4.7.8 Noise
    4.7.9 Visual Resources
    4.7.10 Cultural Resources
    4.7.11 Occupational and Public Health and Safety
    4.7.12 Environmental Justice

4.8 References

Chapter 5

    5.1 Alternative 1 - Continue Current Operations (No Action)
    5.1.1 NTS
    5.1.1.1 Land Use.
    5.1.1.1.1 Site-Support Activities
    5.1.1.1.2 Airspace
    5.1.1.2 Transportation
    5.1.1.2.1 On-Site Traffic
    5.1.1.2.2 Off-Site Traffic
    5.1.1.2.3 Transportation of Materials andWaste
    5.1.1.3 Socioeconomics
    5.1.1.4 Geology and Soils
    5.1.1.5 Hydrology
    5.1.1.5.1 Surface Hydrology
    5.1.1.5.2 Groundwater
    5.1.1.6 Biological Resources
    5.1.1.7 Air Quality
    5.1.1.8 Noise
    5.1.1.9 Visual Resources
    5.1.1.10 Cultural Resources
    5.1.1.11 Occupational and Public Health and Safety
    5.1.1.12 Environmental Justice.
    5.1.2 Tonopah Test Range
    5.1.2.1 Land Use
    5.1.2.1.1 Site-Support Activities.
    5.1.2.1.2 Airspace
    5.1.2.2 Transportation
    5.1.2.2.1 On-Site Traffic
    5.1.2.2.2 Off-Site Traffic
    5.1.2.2.3 Transportation of Materials and Waste
    5.1.2.2.4 Other Transportation.
    5.1.2.3 Socioeconomics
    5.1.2.4 Geology and Soils
    5.1.2.5 Hydrology
    5.1.2.5.1 Surface Hydrology.
    5.1.2.5.2 Groundwater
    5.1.2.6 Biological Resources
    5.1.2.7 Air Quality
    5.1.2.8 Noise
    5.1.2.9 Visual Resources
    5.1.2.10 Cultural Resources
    5.1.2.11 Occupational and Public Health and Safety
    5.1.2.12 Environmental Justice
    5.1.3 Project Shoal Area
    5.1.3.1 Land Use
    5.1.3.1.1 Site-Support Activities
    5.1.3.1.2 Airspace.
    5.1.3.2 Transportation
    5.1.3.2.1 On-Site Traffic
    5.1.3.2.2 Off-Site Traffic
    5.1.3.2.3 Transportation of Materials andWaste.
    5.1.3.2.4 Other Transportation
    5.1.3.3 Socioeconomics.
    5.1.3.4 Geology and Soils
    5.1.3.5 Hydrology
    5.1.3.5.1 Surface Hydrology
    5.1.3.5.2 Groundwater.
    5.1.3.6 Biological Resources
    5.1.3.7 Air Quality
    5.1.3.8 Noise
    5.1.3.9 Visual Resources
    5.1.3.10 Cultural Resources.
    5.1.3.11 Occupational and Public Health andSafety
    5.1.3.12 Environmental Justice
    5.1.4 Central Nevada Test Area
    5.1.4.1 Land Use
    5.1.4.1.1 Site-Support Activities
    5.1.4.1.2 Airspace.
    5.1.4.2 Transportation
    5.1.4.2.1 On-Site Traffic
    5.1.4.2.2 Off-Site Traffic
    5.1.4.2.3 Transportation of Materials and Waste.
    5.1.4.2.4 Other Transportation
    5.1.4.3 Socioeconomics
    5.1.4.4 Geology and Soils.
    5.1.4.5 Hydrology.
    5.1.4.5.1 Surface Hydrology
    5.1.4.5.2 Groundwater.
    5.1.4.6 Biological Resources
    5.1.4.7 Air Quality
    5.1.4.8 Noise
    5.1.4.9 Visual Resources
    5.1.4.10 Cultural Resources
    5.1.4.11 Occupational and Public Health andSafety.
    5.1.4.12 Environmental Justice.

5.2 Alternative 2 - Discontinue Operations

    5.2.1 Nevada Test Site
    5.2.1.1 Land Use
    5.2.1.1.1 Site-Support Activities.
    5.2.1.1.2 Airspace.
    5.2.1.2 Transportation
    5.2.1.2.1 On-Site Traffic.
    5.2.1.2.2 Off-Site Traffic
    5.2.1.2.3 Transportation of Materials and Waste
    5.2.1.2.4 Other Transportation
    5.2.1.3 Socioeconomics
    5.2.1.4 Geology and Soils
    5.2.1.5 Hydrology
    5.2.1.5.1 Surface Hydrology
    5.2.1.5.2 Groundwater
    5.2.1.6 Biological Resources
    5.2.1.7 Air Quality
    5.2.1.8 Noise
    5.2.1.9 Visual Resources
    5.2.1.10 Cultural Resources
    5.2.1.11 Occupational and Public Health andSafety
    5.2.1.12 Environmental Justice
    5.2.2 Tonopah Test Range
    5.2.2.1 Land Use
    5.2.2.1.1 Site-SupportActivities
    5.2.2.1.2 Airspace
    5.2.2.2 Transportation
    5.2.2.2.1 On-Site Traffic
    5.2.2.2.2 Off-Site Traffic
    5.2.2.2.3 Transportation of Materials and Waste
    5.2.2.2.4 Other Transportation
    5.2.2.3 Socioeconomics
    5.2.2.4 Geology and Soils
    5.2.2.5 Hydrology
    5.2.2.5.1 Surface Hydrology.
    5.2.2.5.2 Groundwater.
    5.2.2.6 Biological Resources
    5.2.2.7 Air Quality
    5.2.2.8 Noise
    5.2.2.9 Visual Resources
    5.2.2.10 Cultural Resources
    5.2.2.11 Occupational and Public Health and Safety
    5.2.2.12 Environmental Justice.
    5.2.3 Project Shoal Area
    5.2.3.1 Land Use
    5.2.3.1.1 Site Support Activities
    5.2.3.1.2 Airspace.
    5.2.3.2 Transportation
    5.2.3.2.1 On-Site Traffic
    5.2.3.2.2 Off-Site Traffic
    5.2.3.2.3 Transportation of Materials and Waste
    5.2.3.2.4 Other Transportation
    5.2.3.3 Socioeconomics
    5.2.3.4 Geology and Soils
    5.2.3.5 Hydrology
    5.2.3.6 Biological Resources
    5.2.3.7 Air Quality
    5.2.3.8 Noise
    5.2.3.9 Visual Resources
    5.2.3.10 Cultural Resources
    5.2.3.11 Occupational and Public Health andSafety
    5.2.3.12 Environmental Justice
    5.2.4 Central Nevada Test Area
    5.2.4.1 Land Use
    5.2.4.1.1 Site Support Activities.
    5.2.4.1.2 Airspace.
    5.2.4.2 Transportation
    5.2.4.2.1 On-Site Traffic.
    5.2.4.2.2 Off-Site Traffic.
    5.2.4.2.3 Transportation of Materials andWaste.
    5.2.4.2.4 Other Transportation.
    5.2.4.3 Socioeconomics
    5.2.4.4 Geology and Soils
    5.2.4.5 Hydrology
    5.2.4.6 Biological Resources
    5.2.4.7 Air Quality
    5.2.4.8 Noise
    5.2.4.9 Visual Resources
    5.2.4.10 Cultural Resources.
    5.2.4.11 Occupational and Public Health andSafety
    5.2.4.12 Environmental Justice

5.3 Alternative 3 - Expanded Use

    5.3.1 Nevada Test Site
    5.3.1.1 Land Use
    5.3.1.1.1 Site-Support Activities
    5.3.1.1.2 Airspace
    5.3.1.2 Transportation
    5.3.1.2.1 On-Site Traffic
    5.3.1.2.2 Off-Site Traffic
    5.3.1.2.3 Transportation of Materials andWaste
    5.3.1.4 Geology and Soils
    5.3.1.5 Hydrology
    5.3.1.5.1 Surface Hydrology
    5.3.1.5.2 Groundwater
    5.3.1.6 Biological Resources
    5.3.1.7 Air Quality
    5.3.1.8 Noise
    5.3.1.9 Visual Resources
    5.3.1.10 Cultural Resources
    5.3.1.11 Occupational and Public Health andSafety
    5.3.1.12 Environmental Justice
    5.3.2 Tonopah Test Range
    5.3.2.1 Land Use
    5.3.2.1.1 Site-Support Activities
    5.3.2.1.2 Airspace
    5.3.2.2 Transportation
    5.3.2.2.1 On-Site Traffic
    5.3.2.2.2 Off-Site Traffic
    5.3.2.2.3 Transportation of Materials and Waste
    5.3.2.2.4 Other Transportation
    5.3.2.3 Socioeconomics
    5.3.2.4 Geology and Soils
    5.3.2.5 Hydrology
    5.3.2.5.1 Surface Hydrology
    5.3.2.5.2 Groundwater
    5.3.2.6 Biological Resources
    5.3.2.7 Air Quality
    5.3.2.8 Noise
    5.3.2.9 Visual Resources
    5.3.3 Project Shoal Area
    5.3.3.1 Land Use
    5.3.3.1.1 Site-Support Activities
    5.3.3.1.2 Airspace
    5.3.3.2 Transportation
    5.3.3.2.1 On-Site Traffic
    5.3.3.2.2 Off-Site Traffic
    5.3.3.2.3 Transportation ofMaterials and Waste
    5.3.3.2.4 OtherTransportation
    5.3.3.3 Socioeconomics
    5.3.3.4 Geology and Soils
    5.3.3.5 Hydrology
    5.3.3.6 Biological Resources
    5.3.3.7 Air Quality
    5.3.3.8 Noise
    5.3.3.9 Visual Resources
    5.3.3.10 Cultural Resources
    5.3.3.11 Occupational and Public Health and Safety
    5.3.3.12 Environmental Justice
    5.3.4 Central Nevada Test Area
    5.3.4.1 Land Use
    5.3.4.2 Transportation
    5.3.4.2.1 On-Site Traffic
    5.3.4.2.2 Off-Site Traffic
    5.3.4.2.3 Transportation ofMaterials and Waste
    5.3.4.2.4 Other Transportation
    5.3.4.3 Socioeconomics.
    5.3.4.4 Geology and Soils.
    5.3.4.5 Hydrology.
    5.3.4.6 Biological Resources
    5.3.4.7 Air Quality
    5.3.4.8 Noise
    5.3.4.9 Visual Resources
    5.3.4.10 Cultural Resources
    5.3.4.11 Occupational and Public Health and Safety
    5.3.4.12 Environmental Justice
    5.3.5 Eldorado Valley
    5.3.5.1 Land Use.
    5.3.5.2 Transportation
    5.3.5.2.1 On-Site Traffic
    5.3.5.2.2 Off-Site Traffic
    5.3.5.3 Socioeconomics
    5.3.5.4 Geology and Soils
    5.3.5.5 Hydrology
    5.3.5.6 Biological Resources
    5.3.5.7 Air Quality
    5.3.5.8 Noise
    5.3.5.9 Visual Resources
    5.3.5.10 Cultural Resources
    5.3.5.11 Occupational and Public Health and Safety
    5.3.5.12 Environmental Justice
    5.3.6 Dry Lake Valley
    5.3.6.1 Land Use
    5.3.6.2 Transportation
    5.3.6.2.1 On-Site Traffic
    5.3.6.2.2 Off-Site Traffic
    5.3.6.3 Socioeconomics
    5.3.6.4 Geology and Soils
    5.3.6.5 Hydrology
    5.3.6.6 Biological Resources
    5.3.6.7 Air Quality
    5.3.6.8 Noise
    5.3.6.9 Visual Resources
    5.3.6.10 Cultural Resources
    5.3.6.11 Occupational and Public Health and Safety
    5.3.6.12 Environmental Justice
    5.3.7 Coyote Spring Valley
    5.3.7.1 Land Use
    5.3.7.2 Transportation
    5.3.7.2.1 On-Site Traffic
    5.3.7.2.2 Off-Site Traffic
    5.3.7.3 Socioeconomics
    5.3.7.4 Geology and Soils
    5.3.7.5 Hydrology
    5.3.7.6 Biological Resources
    5.3.7.7 Air Quality
    5.3.7.8 Noise
    5.3.7.9 Visual Resources
    5.3.7.10 Cultural Resources.
    5.3.7.11 Occupational and Public Health and Safety
    5.3.7.12 Environmental Justice

5.4 Alternative 4 - Alternate Use of Withdrawn Lands

    5.4.1 Nevada Test Site
    5.4.1.1 Land Use
    5.4.1.1.1 Site-Support Activities
    5.4.1.1.2 Airspace
    5.4.1.2 Transportation
    5.4.1.2.1 On-Site Traffic
    5.4.1.2.2 Off-Site Traffic
    5.4.1.2.4 Other Transportation
    5.4.1.3 Socioeconomics
    5.4.1.4 Geology and Soils
    5.4.1.5 Hydrology
    5.4.1.5.1 Surface Hydrology
    5.4.1.7 Air Quality
    5.4.1.8 Noise
    5.4.1.9 Visual Resources
    5.4.1.10 Cultural Resources
    5.4.1.12 Environmental Justice.
    5.4.2 Tonopah Test Range
    5.4.2.1 Land Use
    5.4.2.1.1 Site-Support Activities
    5.4.2.1.2 Airspace
    5.4.2.2 Transportation
    5.4.2.2.1 On-Site Traffic
    5.4.2.2.2 Off-Site Traffic
    5.4.2.2.3 Transportation of Materials andWaste
    5.4.2.2.4 Other Transportation
    5.4.2.3 Socioeconomics
    5.4.2.4 Geology and Soils
    5.4.2.5 Hydrology
    5.4.2.5.1 Surface Hydrology
    5.4.2.5.2 Groundwater
    5.4.2.6 Biological Resources
    5.4.2.7 Air Quality
    5.4.2.8 Noise
    5.4.2.9 Visual Resources
    5.4.2.10 Cultural Resources
    5.4.2.11 Occupational and Public Health andSafety.
    5.4.2.12 Environmental Justice.
    5.4.3 Project Shoal Area
    5.4.3.1 Land Use
    5.4.3.1.1 Site-Support Activities
    5.4.3.1.2 Airspace
    5.4.3.2 Transportation
    5.4.3.2.1 On-Site Traffic
    5.4.3.2.2 Off-Site Traffic
    5.4.3.2.3 Transportation of Materials and Waste
    5.4.3.4 Geology and Soils
    5.4.3.5 Hydrology.
    5.4.3.6 Biological Resources
    5.4.3.7 Air Quality
    5.4.3.8 Noise
    5.4.3.9 Visual Resources
    5.4.3.10 Cultural Resources
    5.4.3.11 Occupational and Public Health and Safety
    5.4.3.12 Environmental Justice.
    5.4.4 Central Nevada Test Area
    5.4.4.1 Land Use
    5.4.4.1.1 Site-Support Activities
    5.4.4.1.2 Airspace
    5.4.4.2 Transportation
    5.4.4.2.1 On-Site Traffic
    5.4.4.2.2 Off-Site Traffic> \nUnder\nAlternative 4, there would be minor vehicular traffic generated. No traffic\nimpacts are expected on off-site road ways.The impacts would be the same as\nthose described under Alternative 1 in Section\n5.1.4.2.2
    5.4.4.2.3 Transportation of Materials and Waste
    5.4.4.2.4 Other Transportation
    5.4.4.3 Socioeconomics
    5.4.4.4 Geology and Soils
    5.4.4.5 Hydrology.
    5.4.4.6 Biological Resources
    5.4.4.7 Air Quality
    5.4.4.8 Noise
    5.4.4.9 Visual Resources
    5.4.4.10 Cultural Resources
    5.4.4.11 Occupational and Public Health and Safety
    5.4.4.12 Environmental Justice
    5.4.5 Eldorado Valley
    5.4.5.1 Land Use
    5.4.5.2 Transportation
    5.4.5.2.1 On-Site Traffic
    5.4.5.2.2 Off-Site Traffic
    5.4.5.4 Geology and Soils
    5.4.5.5 Hydrology.
    5.4.5.6 Biological Resources
    5.4.5.7 Air Quality
    5.4.5.8 Noise
    5.4.5.9 Visual Resources
    5.4.5.10 Cultural Resources
    5.4.5.11 Occupational and Public Health and Safety.
    5.4.5.12 Environmental Justice
    5.4.6 Dry Lake Valley
    5.4.6.1 Land Use
    5.4.6.2 Transportation
    5.4.6.2.1 On-Site Traffic
    5.4.6.2.2 Off-Site Traffic
    5.4.6.2.3 Transportation of Materials and Waste
    5.4.6.2.4 Other Transportation
    5.4.6.3 Socioeconomics
    5.4.6.4 Geology and Soils
    5.4.6.5 Hydrology.
    5.4.6.6 Biological Resources
    5.4.6.7 Air Quality
    5.4.6.8 Noise
    5.4.6.9 Visual Resources
    5.4.6.10 Cultural Resources
    5.4.6.11 Occupational and Public Health and Safety
    5.4.6.12 Environmental Justice.
    5.4.7 Coyote Spring Valley
    5.4.7.1 Land Use
    5.4.7.2 Transportation
    5.4.7.2.1 On-Site Traffic
    5.4.7.2.2 Off-Site Traffic
    5.4.7.2.3 Transportation of Materials and Waste
    5.4.7.2.4 Other Transportation
    5.4.7.3 Socioeconomics
    5.4.7.4 Geology and Soils
    5.4.7.5 Hydrology.
    5.4.7.6 Biological Resources
    5.4.7.7 Air Quality
    5.4.7.8 Noise
    5.4.7.9 Visual Resources
    5.4.7.10 Cultural Resources
    5.4.7.11 Occupational and Public Health and Safety.
    5.4.7.12 Environmental Justice

5.5 Unavoidable Adverse Effects

    5.5.1 Alternative 1
    5.5.1.1 Nevada Test Site
    5.5.1.2 Tonopah Test Range
    5.5.1.3 Project Shoal and Central Nevada TestAreas
    5.5.2 Alternative 2
    5.5.2.1 Nevada Test Site
    5.5.2.2 Tonopah Test Range
    5.5.2.3 Project Shoal and Central Nevada TestAreas
    5.5.3 Alternative 3
    5.5.3.1 Nevada Test Site
    5.5.3.2 Tonopah Test Range
    5.5.3.3 Project Shoal and Central Nevada TestAreas
    5.5.3.4 Eldorado Valley
    5.5.3.5 Dry Lake Valley
    5.5.3.6 Coyote Spring Valley
    5.5.4 Alternative 4
    5.5.4.1 Nevada Test Site
    5.5.4.2 Tonopah Test Range
    5.5.4.3 Project Shoal and Central Nevada TestAreas
    5.5.4.4 Eldorado Valley
    5.5.4.5 Dry Lake Valley
    5.5.4.6 Coyote Spring Valley

5.6 Relationship of Short-Term Uses and Long- Term Productivity

    5.6.1 Alternative 1
    5.6.1.1 Nevada Test Site
    5.6.1.2 Tonopah Test Range
    5.6.1.3 Project Shoal and Central Nevada TestAreas
    5.6.2 Alternative 2
    5.6.2.1 Nevada Test Site
    5.6.2.2 Tonopah Test Range
    5.6.2.3 Project Shoal and Central Nevada Test Areas
    5.6.3 Alternative 3
    5.6.3.1 Nevada Test Site
    5.6.3.2 Tonopah Test Range
    5.6.3.3 Project Shoal and Central Nevada Test Areas
    5.6.3.4 Eldorado Valley
    5.6.3.5 Dry Lake Valley
    5.6.3.6 Coyote Spring Valley
    5.6.4 Alternative 4
    5.6.4.1 Nevada Test Site
    5.6.4.2 Tonopah Test Range
    5.6.4.3 Project Shoal and Central Nevada Test Areas
    5.6.4.4 Eldorado Valley
    5.6.4.5 Dry Lake Valley
    5.6.4.6 Coyote Spring Valley

5.7 Irreversible and Irretrievable Commitment of Resources

    5.7.1 Alternative 1
    5.7.1.1 Nevada Test Site
    5.7.1.2 Tonopah Test Range
    5.7.1.3 Project Shoal and Central Nevada TestAreas
    5.7.2 Alternative 2
    5.7.2.1 Nevada Test Site
    5.7.2.2 Tonopah Test Range
    5.7.2.3 Project Shoal and Central Nevada TestAreas
    5.7.3 Alternative 3
    5.7.3.1 Nevada Test Site
    5.7.3.2 Tonopah Test Range
    5.7.3.4 Eldorado Valley, Dry Lake Valley, andCoyote Spring Valley
    5.7.4 Alternative 4
    5.7.4.1 Nevada Test Site
    5.7.4.2 Tonopah Test Range
    5.7.4.4 Eldorado Valley, Dry Lake Valley, andCoyote Spring Valley

5.8 References

Chapter 6

    6.1 Definition of Cumulative Impacts Methods of Analysis, Analytical Baseline and Information Sources
    6.1.1 Definition
    6.1.2 Methods of Analysis
    6.1.3 Analytical Baseline
    6.1.4 Information Sources
    6.2 Past, Present, and ReasonablyForeseeable Future Actions
    6.2.1 Past and Present Actions
    6.2.2 Reasonably Foreseeable Future Actions
    6.3 Nevada Test Site Program Alternatives
    6.4 Cumulative Impact Analysis
    6.4.1 Land Use
    6.4.2 Transportation
    6.4.3 Socioeconomics
    6.4.4 Geology and Soils
    6.4.5 Hydrology
    6.4.6 Biological Resources
    6.4.7 Air Quality
    6.4.8 Noise
    6.4.9 Visual Resources
    6.4.10 Cultural Resources
    6.4.11 Occupational and Public Health andSafety
    6.4.12 Environmental Justice
    6.5 Summary of Cumulative Impacts
    6.6 References

Chapter 7

    7.1 Land Use
    7.2 Transportation
    7.2.1 On-Site Traffic
    7.2.2 Off-Site Traffic
    7.2.3 Transportation of Materials and Waste
    7.2.4 Other Transportation
    7.3 Socioeconomics
    7.4 Geology and Soils
    7.5 Hydrology
    7.5.1 Surface Hydrology
    7.5.2 Groundwater
    7.6 Biology
    7.7 Air Quality
    7.8 Noise
    7.9 Visual Resources
    7.10 Cultural Resources
    7.11 Occupational and Public Health and Safety
    7.12 Environmental Justice
    7.13 References

Chapter 8

    8.1 Cooperating Agencies
    8.2 American Indians
    8.2.1 American Indian Consultation Procedures
    8.3 Other Meetings
    8.4 References

Chapter 9 Preparers and Contributors

    LIST OF PREPARERS
    LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS

Appendix A - Description of Projects and Activities

    A.1 Defense Program
    A.1.1 Alternative 1
    A.1.1.1 Stockpile Stewardship.
    A.1.1.1.1 Nuclear Test Readiness
    A.1.1.1.2 Underground Nuclear Weapons Testing
    A.1.1.1.3 Science-Based Stockpile Stewardship
    A.1.1.1.4 Dynamic Experiments and Hydrodynamic Tests
    A.1.1.2 Stockpile Management.
    A.1.1.3 Nuclear Emergency Response.
    A.1.1.3.1 Nuclear Emergency Search Team
    A.1.1.3.2 Federal Radiological Monitoring and Assessment Center
    A.1.1.3.3 Aerial Measuring System
    A.1.1.3.4 Accident Response Group
    A.1.1.3.5 Radiological Assistance Program
    A.1.1.3.6 Internal Emergency Management Program
    A.1.1.4 Storage and Disposition of Weapons-Usable Fissile Material
    A.1.1.5 Large, Heavy-Industrial Facility.
    A.1.1.6 Tonopah Test Range Activities.
    A.1.2 Alternative 2
    A.1.3 Alternative 3
    A.1.3.1 Stockpile Stewardship.
    A.1.3.1.1 Nuclear Test Readiness
    A.1.3.1.2 Underground Nuclear Weapons Testing
    A.1.3.1.3 Science-Based Stockpile Stewardship
    A.1.3.1.4 Advanced Nuclear Weapons Simulators
    A.1.3.2 Stockpile Management
    A.1.3.2.1 Construction of a Stockpile Management Complex
    A.1.3.3 Nuclear Emergency Response
    A.1.3.4 Storage and Disposition of Weapons-Usable Fissile Materials.
    A.1.3.4.1 Storage of Weapons-Usable Fissile Materials
    A.1.3.4.2 Disposition of Weapons-Usable Fissile Materials
    A.1.3.5 Large, Heavy-Industrial Facility
    A.1.3.6 Tonopah Test Range Activities
    A.1.3.6.1 Potential Tests
    A.1.4 Alternative 4
    A.2 Waste Management Program
    A.2.1 Alternative 1
    A.2.1.1 Area 3 Radioactive Waste Management Site.
    A.2.1.2 Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Site.
    A.2.1.3 Area 6 Waste Management Operations.
    A.2.1.4 Area 11 Explosive Ordnance Disposal Unit.
    A.2.2 Alternative 2
    A.2.2.1 Area 3 Radioactive Waste Management Site.
    A.2.2.2 Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Site.
    A.2.2.3 Area 6 Waste Management Operations.
    A.2.2.4 Area 11 Explosive Ordnance Disposal Unit.
    A.2.3 Alternative 3
    A.2.3.1 Area 3 Radioactive Waste Management Site.
    A.2.3.2 Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Site.
    A.2.3.3 Area 6 Waste Management Operations.
    A.2.3.4 Area 11 Explosive Ordnance Disposal Unit.
    A.2.4 Alternative 4
    A.2.4.1 Area 3 Radioactive Waste Management Site.
    A.2.4.2 Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Site.
    A.2.4.3 Area 6 Waste Management Operations.
    A.2.4.4 Area 11 Explosive Ordnance Disposal Unit.
    A.3 Environmental Restoration Program
    A.3.1 Alternative 1
    A.3.1.1 Underground Test Area Project.
    A.3.1.2 Soils Media Project (including portions of the NAFR Complex).
    A.3.1.3 Industrial Sites Project.
    A.3.1.4 Decontamination and Decommissioning Project.
    A.3.1.5 Defense Nuclear Agency Industrial Sites.
    A.3.1.6 Tonopah Test Range.
    A.3.1.7 Central Nevada Test Area.
    A.3.1.8 Project Shoal Area.
    A.3.2 Alternative 2
    A.3.3 Alternative 3
    A.3.4 Alternative 4
    A.4 Nondefense Research and Development Program
    A.4.1 Alternative 1
    A.4.1.1 Alternative Energy.
    A.4.1.2 Spill Test Facility.
    A.4.1.3 Alternative Fuels Demonstration Projects.
    A.4.1.4 Environmental Management and Technology Development Project.
    A.4.1.5 Environmental Research Park.
    A.4.2 Alternative 2
    A.4.3 Alternative 3
    A.4.3.1 Alternative Energy.
    A.4.3.2 Spill Test Facility.
    A.4.3.3 Alternative Fuel DemonstrationProjects.
    A.4.3.4 Environmental Management and Technology Development Program.
    A.4.3.5 Environmental Research Park.
    A.4.4 Alternative 4
    A.4.4.1 Alternative Energy.
    A.4.4.2 Spill Test Facility.
    A.4.4.3 Alternative Fuels Demonstration Projects.
    A.4.4.4 Environmental Management and Technology Development Program.
    A.4.4.5 Environmental Research Park.
    A.5 Work for Others Program
    A.5.1 Alternative 1.
    A.5.1.1 Treaty Verification.
    A.5.1.1.1 Threshold Test Ban Treaty
    A.5.1.1.2 Peaceful Nuclear Explosion Treaty
    A.5.1.1.3 Chemical Weapons Convention
    A.5.1.1.4 The Treaty on Open Skies
    A.5.1.2 Nonproliferation.
    A.5.1.3 Counterproliferation Research And Development
    A.5.1.4 Conventional Weapons Demilitarization.
    A.5.1.5 DefenseRelated Research and Development.
    A.5.2 Alternative 2
    A.5.3 Alternative 3
    A.5.4 Alternative 4
    A.6 Site-Support Activities at the NTS
    A.6.1 Alternative 1
    A.6.1.1 Utilities
    A.6.1.1.1 Electrical Power
    A.6.1.1.2 Natural Gas
    A.6.1.1.3 Water Supply
    A.6.1.1.4 Nonhazardous and Nonradioactive
    A.6.1.2 Communications.
    A.6.1.2.1 Telephone Service
    A.6.1.2.2 Microwave System
    A.6.1.2.3 Data Communications
    A.6.1.2.4 Video Communications
    A.6.1.2.5 Video Teleconferencing
    A.6.1.2.6 Radio
    A.6.1.2.7 Mail
    A.6.1.3 Transportation Systems.
    A.6.1.3.1 Roads
    A.6.1.3.2 Related Facilities
    A.6.1.3.3 Railroads
    A.6.1.3.4 Air Facilities
    A.6.1.3.5 Pathways
    A.6.1.3.6 Parking
    A.6.1.4 Facilities and Services.
    A.6.1.5 Off-Site Support.
    A.6.1.6 Landlord-Related Construction and Maintenance Projects.
    A.6.2 Alternative 2
    A.6.3 Alternative 3
    A.6.4 Alternative 4
    A.7 References

Appendix B

Appendix C - Relevant Regulatory Requirements

    C.1 Federal Environmental Statutes and Regulations
    C.2 Executive Orders
    C.3 U.S. Department of Energy Regulations and Orders and Policies
    C.4 State of Nevada Laws
    C.5 Permits
    C.6 Pollution Prevention and Waste Minimization
    C.7 References

Appendix D - Distribution of the Draft EIS

Appendix E - Impact Assessment Methods

    E.1 Introduction
    E.2 Methods and Assumptions of Analysis
    E.2.1 Land Use
    E.2.1.1 NTS Site-Support Activities.
    E.2.1.1.1 Alternative 1
    E.2.1.1.2 Alternative 2
    E.2.1.1.3 Alternative 3
    E.2.1.1.4 Alternative 4
    E.2.1.2 Airspace
    E.2.2 Transportation
    E.2.2.1 On-Site Traffic
    E.2.2.2 Off-Site Traffic
    E.2.2.3 Transportation of Materials and Waste
    E.2.3 Socioeconomics
    E.2.3.1 Economic Activity, Population, and Housing
    E.2.3.2 Public Finance
    E.2.3.3 Public Services
    E.2.4 Geology and Soils
    E.2.5 Hydrology
    E.2.5.1 Surface Hydrology
    E.2.5.2 Water Resources
    E.2.5.3 Assumptions and Limitations
    E.2.6 Biological Resources
    E.2.6.1 List of species names
    E.2.7 Air Quality and Climate
    E.2.8 Noise
    E.2.9 Visual Resources
    E.2.10 Cultural Resources
    E.2.11 Occupational and Public Health and Safety/Radiation
    E.2.12 Environmental Justice
    E.3 References

Appendix F - Project-Specific Environmental Analysis

    F.1 Introduction
    F.2 Purpose and Need for Action
    F.3 Description of the Alternatives
    F.3.1 Alternative 3
    F.3.1.1 Location
    F.3.1.2 Bunkers 4-300 and 4-480
    F.3.1.3 Firing Table and Surroundings
    F.3.1.4 Operation
    F.3.1.4.1 Pretest and Test Activities
    F.3.1.4.2 Post-Test Activities
    F.3.2 Alternative 1
    F.4 Description of the Affected Environment
    F.4.1 Topography, Geology, and Soils
    F.4.2 Seismicity
    F.4.3 Climate and Air Quality
    F.4.4 Hazardous Air Pollutants
    F.4.5 Surface and Groundwater Hydrology
    F.4.6 Vegetation
    F.4.7 Wildlife
    F.4.8 Cultural Resources
    F.4.9 Floodplains and Wetlands
    F.4.10 Noise
    F.5 Potential Effects of Alternative 1 andAlternative 3
    F.5.1 Alternative 1
    F.5.2 Alternative 3
    F.5.2.1 Construction-Related Effects
    F.5.2.2 Noise and High-Explosive Weight Limits
    F.5.2.3 Air Emissions
    F.5.2.4 Exposure to Radionuclides
    F.5.2.5 Waste Effluents
    F.5.2.6 Accident Scenarios
    F.5.2.7 Cultural Resources
    F.5.2.8 Natural Resources
    F.5.2.9 Cumulative Impacts
    F.5.2.10 Conformity
    F.5.2.11 Environmental Justice
    F.6 Persons and Agencies Contacted
    F.7 References

Appendix G - American Indian Assessment:Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Nevada Test Site and Off-Site Locations in the State of Nevada

    Appendix G - SUMMARY
    G.1 American Indian Writers Subgroup
    G.1.1First AIWS Meeting
    G.1.1.1 Nevada Test Site Environmental Impact Statement Implementation Plan Review
    G.1.1.2 Outline of Writing Tasks
    G.1.1.3 Draft Text
    G.1.2 Second AIWS Meeting
    G.1.3 Third AIWS Meeting
    G.1.4 Review of the Framework for the Resource Management Plan for the Nevada Test Site
    G.1.5 Fourth AIWS Meeting
    G.1.6 NTS EIS Consultation Meeting with the CGTO
    G.1.7 Fifth AIWS Meeting
    G.2 Voicing American Indian Concerns Through an Indian EIS Writing Team
    G.2.1 Abstract
    G.2.2 Excerpt Introduction
    G.2.3 Issues in the Functioning of the Subgroup
    G.2.3.1 Translating Ideas
    G.2.3.2 Negotiating Text
    G.2.3.3 Supporters and Detractors
    G.2.3.4 Trainers
    G.2.4 Where Do We Go From Here?
    G.3 Native American Overview
    G.3.1 Centrality Issue
    G.3.2 American Indian Cultural Resources
    G.3.2.1 Nevada Test Site
    G.3.2.1.1 Mercury Valley
    G.3.2.1.2R ock Valley
    G.3.2.1.3 Fortymile Canyon and Jackass Flats
    G.3.2.1.4 Buckboard Mesa
    G.3.2.1.5 Oasis Valley
    G.3.2.1.6 Gold Flat
    G.3.2.1.7 Kawich Valley
    G.3.2.1.8 Emigrant Valley
    G.3.2.1.9 Yucca Flat
    G.3.2.1.10 Frenchman Flat
    G.3.2.1.11 Tonopah Test Range
    G.3.2.1.12 Nellis Air Force Range Complex
    G.3.2.1.13 Area 13
    G.3.2.2 Project Shoal Area
    G.3.2.3 Central Nevada Test Area
    G.3.2.4 Dry Lake Valley
    G.3.2.5 Eldorado Valley
    G.3.2.6 Coyote Spring Valley
    G.3.3 Occupational and Public Health and Safety/Radiation
    G.3.4 Environmental Justice and Equity
    G.3.4.1 Holy Land Violations
    G.3.4.2 Health Violations
    G.3.4.3 Cultural Survival - Access Violations
    G.3.4.4 Tonopah Test Range
    G.3.4.5 Project Shoal Area
    G.3.4.6 Central Nevada Test Area
    G.3.4.7 Eldorado Valley
    G.3.4.8 Dry Lake Valley
    G.3.4.9 Coyote Spring Valley
    G.3.5 Outline of Social and Economic Issues
    G.3.5.1 American Indian Region of Influence
    G.3.5.2 American Indian Education
    G.3.5.3 Farming and Ranching
    G.3.5.4 Mining
    G.3.5.5 Political Integration and Community Cohesion
    G.3.5.6 Waste Transportation and Tribal Enterprises
    G.4 Environmental Consequences
    G.4.1 Summary of American Indian Responses to the NTS Action Alternatives
    G.4.2 American Indian Cultural Resources Impacts
    G.4.2.1 American Indian Place by Action Comments, Alternative 1
    G.4.2.1.1 Nevada Test Site
    G.4.2.1.2 Tonopah Test Range
    G.4.2.1.3 Nellis Air Force Range Complex
    G.4.2.1.4 Nellis Air Force Range Complex Area 13
    G.4.2.1.5 Project Shoal Area
    G.4.2.1.6 Central Nevada Test Area
    G.4.2.1.7 Eldorado Valley
    G.4.2.1.8 Dry Lake Valley
    G.4.2.1.9 Coyote Spring Valley
    G.4.2.2 American Indian Place by Action Comments, Alternative 2.
    G.4.2.2.1 Nevada Test Site
    G.4.2.2.2 Tonopah Test Range
    G.4.2.2.3 Nellis Air Force Range Complex
    G.4.2.2.4 Nellis Air Force Range Complex Area 13
    G.4.2.2.5 Project Shoal Area
    G.4.2.2.6 Central Nevada Test Area
    G.4.2.2.7 Eldorado Valley
    G.4.2.2.8 Dry Lake Valley
    G.4.2.2.9 Coyote Spring Valley
    G.4.2.3 American Indian Place by Action Comments, Alternative 3
    G.4.2.3.1 Nevada Test Site
    G.4.2.3.2 Tonopah Test Range
    G.4.2.3.3 Nellis Air Force Range Complex
    G.4.2.3.4 Nellis Air Force Range Complex Area 13
    G.4.2.3.5 Project Shoal Area
    G.4.2.3.6 Central Nevada Test Area
    G.4.2.3.7 Eldorado Valley
    G.4.2.3.8 Dry Lake Valley
    G.4.2.3.9 Coyote Spring Valley
    G.4.2.4 American Indian Place by Action Comments, Alternative 4
    G.4.2.4.1 Nevada Test Site
    G.4.2.4.2 Tonopah Test Range
    G.4.2.4.3 Nellis Air Force Range Complex
    G.4.2.4.4 Nellis Air Force Range Complex Area 13
    G.4.2.4.5 Project Shoal Area
    G.4.2.4.6 Central Nevada Test Area
    G.4.2.4.7 Eldorado Valley
    G.4.2.4.8 Dry Lake Valley
    G.4.2.4.9 Coyote Spring Valley
    G.4.3 Occupational and Public Health and Safety Radiation Impacts
    G.4.4 Environmental Justice and Equity Impacts
    G.4.4.1 Alternative 1 - Continue Current Operations (No Action)
    G.4.4.1.1 Nevada Test Site
    G.4.4.2 Alternative 2 - Discontinue Operations
    G.4.4.2.1 Nevada Test Site
    G.4.4.2.2 Tonopah Test Range
    G.4.4.2.3 Project Shoal Area
    G.4.4.2.4 Central Nevada Test Area
    G.4.4.3 Alternative 3 - Expanded Use
    G.4.4.3.1 Nevada Test Site
    G.4.4.3.2 Tonopah Test Range
    G.4.4.3.3 Project Shoal Area
    G.4.4.3.4 Central Nevada Test Area
    G.4.4.3.5 Eldorado Valley
    G.4.4.3.6 Dry Lake Valley
    G.4.4.3.7 Coyote Spring Valley
    G.4.4.4 Alternative 4 - Alternative Use of Withdrawn Lands
    G.4.4.4.1 Nevada Test Site
    G.4.4.4.2 Tonopah Test Range
    G.4.4.4.3 Project Shoal Area
    G.4.4.4.4 Central Nevada Test Area
    G.4.4.4.5 Eldorado Valley
    G.4.4.4.6 Dry Lake Valley
    G.4.4.4.7 Coyote Spring Valley
    G.4.5 Social and Economics Impact
    G.4.5.1 Alternative 1 - Continue Current Operations (No Action)
    G.4.5.1.1 Nevada Test Site
    G.4.5.1.2 Tonopah Test Range
    G.4.5.1.3 Project Shoal Area
    G.4.5.1.4 Central Nevada Test Area
    G.4.5.2 Alternative 2 - Discontinue Operations
    G.4.5.2.1 Nevada Test Site
    G.4.5.2.2 Tonopah Test Range
    G.4.5.2.3 Project Shoal Area
    G.4.5.2.4 Central Nevada Test Area
    G.4.5.3 Alternative 3 - Expanded Use
    G.4.5.3.1 Nevada Test Site
    G.4.5.3.2 Tonopah Test Range
    G.4.5.3.3 Project Shoal Area
    G.4.5.3.4 Central Nevada Test Area
    G.4.5.3.5 Eldorado Valley
    G.4.5.3.6 Dry Lake Valley
    G.4.5.3.7 Coyote Spring Valley
    G.4.5.4 Alternative 4 - Alternate Use of Withdrawn Lands
    G.4.5.4.1 Nevada Test Site
    G.4.5.4.2 Tonopah Test Range
    G.4.5.4.3 Project Shoal Area
    G.4.5.4.4 Central Nevada Test Area
    G.4.5.4.5 Eldorado Valley
    G.4.5.4.6 Dry Lake Valley
    G.4.5.4.7 Coyote Spring Valley
    G.5. Mitigation Recommendations
    G.5.1 American Indian Cultural Resources
    G.5.2. American Indian Socioeconomics
    G.6 American Indian Consultation Procedures
    G.6.1 Outline of Consultation Procedures
    G.6.2 Consultation Issues
    G.7 Transportation Study
    G.7.1 Consultation
    G.7.2 American Indian Transportation Issues
    G.7.3 A Faulty Transportation Assessment
    G.7.4 Conclusion - A Fatally Flawed
    G.8 Framework for the Resource Management Plan
    G.8.1 American Indian Participation
    G.8.2 How American Indian Participation may be incorporated into the Resource Management Plan
    G.8.3 American Indian Ecosystem Perspectives
    G.8.4 Comments to Framework for the Resource Management Plan
    G.9 References
    G.10 LIST OF PREPARERS
    Appendix G ATTACHMENT C
    Appendix G C.1 Defining Consultation
    Appendix G C.1.1 General Consultation
    Appendix G C.1.2 Specific Consultation
    Appendix G C.2 Establishing Cultural Affiliation
    Appendix G C.3 Contacting the Tribes
    Appendix G C.4 Having an Orientation Meeting
    Appendix G C.5 Forming a Consultation Committee
    Appendix G C.5.1 DOE/NV and Indian Consultation
    Appendix G C.5.2 The Consolidated Group of Tribes and Organizations
    Appendix G C.5.3 American Indian Monitors
    Appendix G C.5.4 The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act Subgroup
    Appendix G C.5.5 The American Indian Writers Subgroup
    Appendix G C.5.6 Future Subgroups
    Appendix G C.6 Conducting Site Visits
    Appendix G C.6.1 Forming a Study Design
    Appendix G C.6.2 Defining Basic Concepts
    Appendix G C.6.3 Assuring Participation
    Appendix G C.6.4 Presenting the Findings
    Appendix G C.7 Developing Native Mitigation Recommendations
    Appendix G C.8 Maintaining Ongoing Interactions and Monitoring
    Appendix G C.8.1 Mutual Trust
    Appendix G C.8.2 A Common Knowledge Base
    Appendix G C.8.3 Cultural Resource Management Plan
    Appendix G C.8.4 Monitoring Plan
    Appendix G C.9 Closing a Consultation
    Appendix G C.9.1 Making Analogs
    Appendix G C.9.2 Maintaining Positive Relations

Appendix H - Human Health Risk and Safety Impacts Study

Appendix I - Transportation Study

Appendix J - Classified Supplement: Project-Specific Information for Activities Conducted at the Lyner Complext

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