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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)


Foreign Assistance to Iran's Nuclear and Missile Programs

Appendix A - References

1. Harold Miller (ed.), A European Non-Proliferation Policy, Prospects and Policy, 1987, Section 7 (Iran)

Andrew Koch and Jeanette Wolf, Iran's Nuclear Procurement Program: How Close to the Bomb, The Nonproliferation review, Fall 1997, p. 123-135

2. Anatoly Yurkin, Loborev: Iran Reactor Waste Not-Weapons Grade, FBIS-SOV-95-086, May 4, 1995

3. General Accounting Office, Report to the Congress of the United States, Quick and Secret Construction of Plutonium Reprocessing Plants: A Way to Nuclear Weapons Proliferation?, EMD-78-104, October 6, 1978

4. M. Gonzales, M. Larraya, The Algerian Atomic Program Exceeds Its Civil Need, According to a Confidential Report, El Pais, August 23, 1998

Reuters, Algeria Denies Atomic Weapons Report, The Washington Post, August 24, 1998

Reuters, Spain Warns of Algeria Plutonium, AKHBAR.COM, August 24, 1998

Reuters, Algeria Dismisses Report As "Fantasy", August 24, 1998

5. Mark Gorwitz, Status and History of the Former State of Yugoslavia Nuclear Industry: Proliferation Concerns Past and Present, Contract Report for the Monterey Institute of International Studies, May 1998

6. D. Grenij and B. Matkovij, The Complexing of Tetravalent Uranium With Dialkylpyrophosphoric Acid, Journal of Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry, 1959, Vol. 12, p. 149-153

7. M. Susic, etal., Separation of Uranium From Rare Earths and Some Other Elements by Extraction With Tri-n-Butyl Phosphate, Bulletin of the Boris Kidrich Institute of Nuclear Science, 1957, Vol. 7, p. 35-38

8. Z. Dizdar and D.H.W. den Boer, Isolation of Plutonium by a Solvent Extraction Method, JENER-Report No. 45, 1956

Z. Dizdar and D.H.W. den Boer, Purification of Plutonium by a Cation Exchanger, Journal of Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry, 1956, Vol. 3, p. 323-325

V. Dizdar, The Use of Pulse Columns for the Separation of Uranium Fission Products and Plutonium, Tehnika, 1958, Vol. 2, p. 281-285

9. B. Gaudernack, Fuel Reprocessing Study, Proceedings of the International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy, Geneva, 1964, Vol. 10, p. 242-252

10. A. Tolic, Laboratory Apparatus for Processing Uranium Fuel by Extraction. I. Description of Apparatus, Tehnika, 1967, Vol. 22, p. 131-134

A. Tolic, Laboratory Apparatus for Processing Uranium by Extraction. II. PUREX Type Process, Tehnika, 1967, Vol. 22, p. 135-141

11. Twenty Years of Chemistry Associated With the Needs and Utilization of Nuclear Reactors at the Boris Kidric Institute of Nuclear Science, Vinca, Yugoslavia, IBK-832, 1969

12. Z. Kolarik, R. Puzic, and Z. Maksimovic, Solvent Extraction of Some Metals by Mixtures of Tributyl Phosphate with Alkylammonium Nitrates, Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry, 1969, Vol. 31, p. 2485-2489

13. R. Puzic and Z. Maksimovic, The Solvent Extraction of Neptunium (IV) and Some Fission Products by Mixture of Tributyl Phosphate with Alkyl-Ammonium Nitrates, Bulletin of the Boris Kidric Institute of Nuclear Sciences, 1965, Vol. 16, p. 27-32

D. Cvjeticanin and S. Ratkovic, Separation of Americium From Plutonium by Anion Exchange, Bulletin of the Boris Kidrich Institute of Nuclear Sciences, 1965, Vol. 16, p. 223-231

D. Cvjeticanin and S. Ratkovic, Separation of Neptunium, Plutonium, Americium and Thorium by Anion Exchange, Journal of Chromatography, 1970, Vol. 46, p. 326-328

14. A. Tolic, V. Rod and V. Jevtovic, Calculation of Countercurrent Extractors with Backmixing. I. Stage Additivity Concept, Glas. Hem. Drus. Beograd., 1973, Vol. 38, p. 571-580

A. Tolic, V. Rod and V. Jevtovic, Calculation of Countercurrent Extractors with Backmixing. II. Extension of the Stage Additivity Concept to a Generalized Case of Distribution, Glas. Hem. Drus. Beograd., 1973, Vol. 38, p. 581-590

A. Tolic, V. Rod and V. Jevtovic, Calculation of Countercurrent Extractors with Backmixing. III. Application of the Stage Additivity Concept to a General Case of Distribution, Glas. Hem. Drus. Beograd., 1973, Vol. 38, p. 591-602

15. A. Tolic and M. Terukatsu, New Methods for Calculation of Number of Equilibrium Stages for Countercurrent Extractors with Backmixing, Journal of Chemical Engineering Japan, 1973, Vol. 6, p. 241-246

16. J. Comor, etal., Solvent Extraction of Uranyl Nitrate With Dialkyl Sulfoxides. A Chemical Model, Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society, 1995, Vol. 60, p. 1035-1041

J. Comor, etal., Solvent Extraction of Thorium Nitrate With Tri-n-Butyl Phosphate. A Chemical Model, Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, 1997, Vol. 15, p. 33-48

J. Comor, etal., A Chemical Model of the Solvent Extraction System: Nitric Acid-Uranyl Nitrate-Water-Tri-n-Butyl Phosphate (TBP)-Diluent, Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, 1997, Vol. 15, p. 991-1006

17. B. Mavko, NPP Systems PWR, Training Course in Nuclear Engineering for Junior Iranian Engineers, November 5 - December 3, 1993, Tehran, Iran, IAEA Training Course Material

B. Mavko, Graduate Training Course in Nuclear Engineering for Junior Iranian Engineers, 1994

18. B. Mavko, Special Problems in Nuclear Engineering. Part 1, IAEA Training Course on Nuclear Material, Tehran, iran, November 1993

K. Sepanloo, IAEA Fellowship Project, Preparation of AEOI Staff for NPP Construction, 1995

19. Unofficial Transcript: HRC Hearing on Iranian/Bosnia Arms, May 30, 1996

In Focus: Clinton's Bosnia Policy and the Iranian Controversy, Military Watch, The Balkan's Institute, May 2, 1996

20. Bosnia Said to be Establishing Spy Network with Iranian Help, Agence France-Presse, February 6, 1997

21. Marina Bidoli, Atomic Energy Corp in Danger of Being Vaporized, Financial Mail, August 15, 1997

22. A. van der Westhuizen, AEC Report 6122, October 1987

N.V. Jarvis, Small-Scale Recovery and Separation of Actinides Using Tri-n-Butyl Phosphate Chromatography, Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, 1989, Vol. 7, p. 1077-1088

N.V. Jarvis, Some Correlations Involving the Stability of Complexes of Transuranium Ions and Ligands with Negatively Charged Oxygen Donors, Inorganica Chimica Acta, 1991, Vol. 182, p. 229-232

N.V. Jarvis, Thermodynamic Modeling of Solvent Extraction Systems: Successes and Problems, Separation Science and Technology, 1991, Vol. 26, p. 1403-1417

N.V. Jarvis, Evaluation of a Diethanolamine Chelating Resin Using Two-Phase Potentiometry, Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, 1995, Vol. 13, p. 591-611

23. Tawfik A. Al-Kusayer, Husan A. Abuad, Yaw-Nan Chen, A Study of Different Nondestructive Techniques to Measure Irradiated Fuel Burnup, Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, 1985, Vol. 50, p. 158-1159

Abdulhamid A. Hasan, Sumer Sahin, Chien Chung, Yields of Short-Lived Fission Products in 235U(nth,f), Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, 1985, Vol. 49, p. 209-211

Abdulhamid A. Hasan, Sumer Sahin, Chien Chung, Measurement of the Short Lived Cumulative Fission Yield in U-235, Radiation Effects, 1986, Vol. 93, p. 193-196

24. T.A. Al-Kusayer, Assessment of the Radiation Protection Capability of Desert Sand Against Fusion Neutrons, Atomkernenergie Kerntechnik, 1986, Vol. 49, p. 100-103

Sumer Sahin and Anil Kumar, The Effects of Spectrum Softening Within the Enhanced Radiation Warhead (ERW) on the Biological Dose, Atomkernenergie Kerntechnik, 1984, Vol. 45, p. 117-121

25. Yun Jo, Wu-Long Cheng, Chung-Shin Lee, Gann Ting, Ion exchange Separation of Plutonium, Uranium and Neodymium in UO2 and Mixed UO2/PuO2 Fuels for Burnup Determination, Nuclear Science Journal, 1983, Vol. 20, p. 115-124

26. Chia-Chi Chu and Yii-Der Chuang, Low-Cost Hot Facility for High-CI Gamma-Source Processing, Proceedings of the International Symposium on Applied technology and Ionizing radiation, 1982, Vol. 2, p. 947-955

27. Sumer Sahin, The 240Pu Content of Commercial Produced Plutonium and the Criticality of Fast Assemblies, Atomkernenergie, 1976, Vol. 23, p. 23-

C.M. Fleck, Some Remarks to Sahin's Paper: The 240Pu Content of Commercial Produced Plutonium and the Criticality of Fast Assemblies, Atomkernenergie, 1976, Vol. 27, p. 288

C.M. Fleck, Final Remarks to Sahin's Paper and the Perspective Preceding Representation, Atomkernenergie, 1976, Vol. 27, p. 298

Sumer Sahin, The Effect of 240Pu on Neutron Lifetime in Nuclear Explosives, Annuals of Nuclear Energy, 1978, Vol. 5, p. 55-

A.B. Lovins, Nuclear Weapons and Power-Reactor Plutonium, Nature, 1980, Vol. 283, p. 817-823

Sumer Sahin and Jacques Ligou, The Effect of the Spontaneous Fission of Plutonium-240 on the Energy Release in a Nuclear Explosive, Nuclear Technology, 1980, Vol. 50, p. 88-93

S. Sahin and S. Yalcin, Adjoint Weighted Neutron Lifetime in Nuclear Explosives, Atomkernenergie, 1980, Vol. 36, p. 139-140

A. DeVolpi, Denaturing Nuclear Fuel, Progress in Nuclear Energy, 1982, Vol. 10, p. 161-220

The Management and Disposition of Excess Weapons Plutonium, National Academy of Sciences, 1994

28. Additional Information Concerning Underground Nuclear Weapon Test of Reactor-Grade Plutonium, US DOE Publication DOE Facts, August 1994, p. 186-190

29. A. DeVolpi, A Coverup of Nuclear Test Information?, APS, October 4, 1996, Vol. 25, No. 4

30. French Government Releases Data on Quantities of Pu in France, Nuclear Fuel, April 8, 1996

31. J. Carson Mark, Reactor-Grade Plutonium's Explosive Properties, NPT at the Crossroads, Issues Bearing on Extending and Strengthening the Treaty, August 1990

J. Carson Mark, Some Remark's on Iraq's Possible Nuclear Weapons Capability in Light of Some of the Known facts Concerning Nuclear Weapons, Nuclear Control Institute, May 1991

J. Carson Mark, Explosive Properties of Reactor-Grade Plutonium, Science and Global Security, 1993, Vol. 4, p. 111-128

32. Richard L. Garwin, Reactor-Grade Plutonium Can Be Used to Make Powerful and Reliable Nuclear Weapons: Separated Plutonium in the Fuel Cycle Must Be Protected as if it Were Nuclear Weapons, August 1998

33. The H-Bomb, India Today, October 10, 1998

34. R.F. Trunin, etal., Compressibility of Iron, Aluminum, and Tantalum Under a Shock Pressure of 1-2.5 TPa, Soviet Journal of Chemical Physics, 1995, Vol. 62, p. 572-

35. Military Plutonium From Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel, Oversight Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs , House of Representatives, October 1981

36. Mark Gorwitz, The Plutonium Special Isotope Separation Program: An Open Literature Analysis, 1996



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