Iran says it abides by nuclear commitments
ISNA - Iranian Students' News Agency
News Code :9008-09584
TEHRAN (ISNA)-Charge d’affaires of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the United Nations Eshagh AL-Habib said the country lives up to its nuclear commitments, as warning instrumental use of the IAEA lowers its credit.
The full speech of Eshagh AL-Habib before the 66th Session of the United Nations General Assembly comes as follow:
In the name of God, the most Compassionate, the most Merciful
Nowadays, nuclear technology, as a common heritage of mankind, has broad peaceful applications in numerous fields, ranging from medicine, food and agriculture to providing a cost-effective, environment- friendly and a climatically benign source of energy, and therefore plays a significant role in the advancement of human society.
Taking into account that according to its Statute, the IAEA should "accelerate and enlarge the contribution of atomic energy to peace, health and prosperity”, we underline its prime responsibility to assist member states, including by facilitating technology transfer and the promotion of their scientific and technological capabilities.
The inalienable right to the peaceful applications of nuclear technology, without discrimination, constitutes the very foundation of the NPT and in accordance with its Article IV, States Parties undertook to facilitate the fullest possible exchange of equipment, materials and scientific and technological information for the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. While underlining that such an inalienable right shall not be restricted under any circumstances, including through ulterior outside political considerations, we are of the view that the implementation of related provisions of the NPT and the IAEA Statute requires a realistic and balanced approach, since such an approach, by providing incentives for membership and compliance, can guarantee the longevity, integrity and credibility of the NPT.
Unfortunately, developed States Parties to the NPT, as the main suppliers of nuclear high-technology, by continuing the application of a discriminatory, selective, highly-restrictive, and politically-motivated approach in their nuclear cooperation with developing States Parties have given rise to two dangerous impressions: first) being a party to the NPT and the IAEA Safeguards Agreement does not facilitate but impedes nuclear cooperation, and therefore is not a privilege, and second) non-NPT-parties are more richly and generously rewarded through nuclear cooperation.
It is a source of grave concern that those who have chosen not to accede to the NPT, not only are not subject to any pressure to do so, but are also encouraged and rewarded in different ways. In this regard, well-documented assistance and cooperation of certain western countries, in particular the US and two Nuclear-Weapon States Member of the EU, namely the UK and France with the Zionist regime which, in addition to its un-safeguarded nuclear program, possesses one of the world’s largest stockpile of nuclear weapons, is a living example and of course a clear case of non-compliance by such NPT States Parties with their legal obligations under the Treaty. Indeed, such double-standards and discriminatory and paradoxical policies are against the letter and spirit as well as the universality of the NPT and only undermine the integrity of the Treaty.
While recalling the importance of IAEA’s responsibility in promoting the peaceful uses of nuclear technology and energy, as well as its role as the sole competent body for verification activities in accordance with its Statute and the NPT, we highly emphasize the need to avoiding the use of extra-legal unilateral measures and attempts to use the Agency as an instrument in support of short-sighted political interests, as they would only undermine the authority and credibility of the IAEA.
Unfortunately, over the past decade a few western countries have pursued a selective and politically-motivated approach towards the verification activities of the IAEA, and by calling it as a watchdog organization, attempted to imply that the IAEA is solely a verification tool and has no other mandate.
In this context, and recalling the IAEA Statute stipulating that the Agency should conduct its activities “furthering the establishment of safeguarded worldwide disarmament”, I would like to reiterate that one of the neglected tasks of the IAEA is its inaction in the nuclear disarmament process.
The Islamic republic of Iran is extremely proud and highly honored that thanks to the activities of its courageous young nuclear scientists, and despite all foreign-backed plots and plans, has been able to exercise its inalienable right to peaceful uses of nuclear energy. Iran is fully commitment to its legal obligations and its nuclear activities are, and have always been exclusively for peaceful purposes. Despite all external political pressure on the IAEA, it has repeatedly confirmed the non-diversion in peaceful nature of the Iranian nuclear program.
Finally, I would like to underline that from legal point of view, the IAEA should verify only “declared nuclear material” and the recent report by the IAEA Director General on the Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in Iran states that “the Agency continues to verify the non-diversion of declared nuclear material at the nuclear facilities and [locations outside facilities where nuclear material is customarily used] LOFs declared by Iran under its Safeguards Agreement.” It is now regrettable that the IAEA Director General in his today statement made reference to “all nuclear material” which is legally incorrect.
I thank you Mr. President
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