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DATE=  10/7/97
TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
NUMBER=2-220952
TITLE=CONGRESS/CHINA-NUKES (L ONLY)
BYLINE=PAULA WOLFSON
DATELINE=CAPITOL HILL
CONTENT=
VOICED AT: 
INTRO:  WITH A SINO-AMERICAN SUMMIT JUST WEEKS AWAY, CONGRESS IS 
TAKING A GOOD LOOK AT ISSUES THAT MAY BE ON THE AGENDA.  AMONG 
THEM: THE FATE OF A 1985 NUCLEAR COOPERATION AGREEMENT THAT HAS 
NEVER BEEN IMPLEMENTED.  AS V-O-A'S PAULA WOLFSON REPORTS, THERE 
ARE SIGNS OF MOVEMENT.
TEXT:  THE AGREEMENT HAS ALWAYS BEEN CONTROVERSIAL.
IT TOOK THREE-AND-ONE-HALF YEARS TO NEGOTIATE A PACT THAT WOULD 
PERMIT SALES OF U-S NUCLEAR POWER TECHNOLOGY TO CHINA.  CONGRESS 
THEN ADDED CONDITIONS -- SAYING THE AGREEMENT COULD NOT BE 
IMPLEMENTED UNTIL THE CHINESE GOVERNMENT STOPS SELLING NUCLEAR 
MATERIALS TO NON-NUCLEAR STATES.
PRESIDENT (RONALD) REAGAN COULD NOT PROVIDE THE CERTIFICATION 
(DOCUMENTATION THAT THE CONDITIONS WERE MET).  NOR COULD 
PRESIDENT (GEORGE) BUSH.   BUT A TOP CLINTON ADMINISTRATION 
NEGOTIATOR ON NUCLEAR ISSUES -- DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF 
STATE ROBERT EINHORN --  IS IN BEIJING.  
// OPT //  SO IS THE PRESIDENT OF A MAJOR U-S CORPORATION THAT 
BUILDS NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS.  // END OPT //
MR. EINHORN IS EXPECTED TO MEET WITH KEY MEMBERS OF CONGRESS 
AFTER HIS RETURN FROM THE CHINESE CAPITAL.  IN THE MEANTIME, THE 
HOUSE INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS COMMITTEE IS SOLICITING ADVICE FROM
THE PRIVATE SECTOR.
FIVE SPECIALISTS IN ARMS CONTROL AND NUCLEAR-RELATED ISSUES WERE 
BROUGHT IN TO DISCUSS THE MERITS OF IMPLEMENTING THE NUCLEAR 
POWER COOPERATION AGREEMENT.  THEIR VIEWS RANGED FROM TOTAL 
OPPOSITION TO CAUTIOUS SUPPORT.
THE STRONGEST WORDS CAME FROM PRESIDENT REAGAN'S CHIEF ARMS 
NEGOTIATOR, (FORMER HEAD OF THE ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT 
AGENCY) KEN ADELMAN.  HE ONCE WAS A STRONG SUPPORTER OF THE 
AGREEMENT.  NOT ANYMORE.
                       /// ADELMAN ACT ///
         I COME TO YOU AS SOMEBODY WHO TESTIFIED A DOZEN YEARS 
         AGO ON BEHALF OF THE U-S/CHINA AGREEMENT.  AND I THOUGHT
         AT THAT TIME IT WAS A VERY GOOD DEAL FOR THE UNITED 
         STATES.  I COME TO YOU NOW AS SOMEONE WHO HAS BEEN 
         DISAPPOINTED BY THE RESULTS.
                         /// END ACT ///
HE SPOKE OF YEARS OF CHINESE SALES OF NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY TO 
PAKISTAN AND IRAN.  MR. ADELMAN SAID BEIJING CAN PROMISE TO 
CHANGE ITS WAYS, BUT ADDED WORDS ARE NOT ENOUGH.  HE SAID THOSE 
CONSIDERING IMPLEMENTATION OF THE 1985 AGREEMENT, SHOULD TAKE A 
CLOSE LOOK AT CHINESE COMPLIANCE WITH INTERNATIONAL NORMS OF 
BEHAVIOR IN AREAS RANGING FROM HUMAN RIGHTS TO ARMS 
PROLIFERATION.
                       /// ADELMAN ACT ///
         OVERALL, THE BEST THAT CAN BE SAID IS THAT IT IS A ROCKY
         RECORD, IF I CAN BE SO KIND.  AND MOSTLY IT IS A PRETTY 
         DEPLORABLE RECORD. 
                         /// END ACT ///
BUT THE HEAD OF A MAJOR RESEARCH STUDY AT HARVARD UNIVERSITY SAID
THERE HAVE BEEN A FEW POSITIVE SIGNS.  JENNIFER WEEKS HAS BEEN 
LOOKING INTO THE MILITARY AND CIVILIAN USES OF NUCLEAR 
TECHNOLOGY.  SHE TOLD THE COMMITTEE PRESIDENT CLINTON SHOULD 
IMPLEMENT THE AGREEMENT IF HE CAN CONFIRM CONTROVERSIAL CHINESE 
SALES OF NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY HAVE COME TO AN END.  SHE THEN 
SOUNDED A CAUTIONARY NOTE.
                        /// WEEKS ACT ///
         CONGRESS SHOULD REALLY LOOK AT THE TIMING OF THIS 
         DECISION CRITICALLY, AND SHOULD ASK IF THERE WERE NOT A 
         SUMMIT COMING UP IN A FEW WEEKS, WOULD WE BE CERTIFYING 
         CHINA NOW?   // OPT //  AND IF THE ANSWER IS "NO," THEN 
         WHICH IS MORE IMPORTANT: A SUCCESSFUL SUMMIT OR REAL 
         PROGRESS FROM CHINA ON NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION?  // 
         END OPT //
                         /// END ACT ///
THE NUCLEAR POWER INDUSTRY IN THE UNITED STATES ARGUES CHINA IS 
ALREADY BUILDING PLANTS WITH HELP FROM COMPANIES IN FRANCE AND 
CANADA.  AN INDUSTRY SPOKESMAN TOLD THE COMMITTEE THERE IS NO 
STOPPING THE CHINESE NUCLEAR POWER PROGRAM.  MARVIN FERTEL SAID 
EVERYONE WILL BENEFIT IF AMERICAN EXPERTISE IS INVOLVED IN THE 
CONSTRUCTION OF NEW REACTORS.
                       /// FERTEL ACT ///
         THE RELEVANT QUESTION, ONCE WE SATISFY THE CERTIFICATION
         REQUIREMENTS IS NOT WHETHER CHINA SHOULD DEVELOP A 
         NUCLEAR PROGRAM -- THAT QUESTION HAS ALREADY BEEN 
         ANSWERED.  THE QUESTION IS WHETHER THE UNITED STATES 
         SHOULD BE THE ONLY NATION IN THE WORLD THAT EXCLUDES 
         ITSELF FROM ACCESS TO THE CHINA MARKET.
                         /// END ACT ///
THE INDUSTRY ESTIMATES IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NUCLEAR COOPERATION 
AGREEMENT COULD RESULT IN BILLIONS OF DOLLARS IN EXPORT REVENUES,
AND TENS-OF-THOUSANDS OF NEW AMERICAN JOBS.   (SIGNED)
NEB/RAE/WFR
07-Oct-97 7:04 PM EDT (2304 UTC)
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Source: Voice of America
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