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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)

29 October 1997

TEXT: 10/29 JOINT U.S.-CHINA STATEMENT

(Clinton, Jiang had productive exchange of views)  (2100)
Washington -- President Clinton and Chinese President Jiang Zemin "had
an in-depth and productive exchange of views on the international
situation, U.S.-China relations and the important opportunities and
challenges facing the two countries," according to a joint U.S.-China
statement released by the White House October 29.
Presidents Clinton and Jiang "agree that a sound and stable
relationship between the United States and China serves the
fundamental interests of both the American and Chinese peoples and is
important to fulfilling their common responsibility to work for peace
and prosperity in the 21st century," the White House said.
"They agree that while the United States and China have areas of both
agreement and disagreement, they have a significant common interest
and a firm common will to seize opportunities and meet challenges
cooperatively, with candor and a determination to achieve concrete
progress. The United States and China have major differences on the
question of human rights. At the same time, they also have great
potential for cooperation in maintaining global and regional peace and
stability; promoting world economic growth; preventing the
proliferation of weapons or mass destruction; advancing Asia-Pacific
regional cooperation; combating narcotics trafficking, international
organized crime and terrorism; strengthening bilateral exchanges and
cooperation in economic development, trade, law, environmental
protection, energy, science and technology, and education and culture;
as well as engaging in military exchanges," the White House continued.
Following is the text of the joint statement:
(begin text)
JOINT U.S.-CHINA STATEMENT
OCTOBER 29, 1997
At the invitation of President William J. Clinton of the United States
of America, President Jiang Zemin of the People's Republic of China is
paying a state visit to the United States from October 26 to November
3, 1997. This is the first state visit by the President of China to
the United States in twelve years. President Jiang Zemin held formal
talks with President Clinton in Washington D.C. and also met with Vice
President Al Gore, Congressional leaders and other American leaders.
Talks also were held between Vice Premier and Foreign Minister Qian
Qichen and Secretary of State Madeleine Albright.
The two Presidents had an in-depth and productive exchange of views on
the international situation, U.S.-China relations and the important
opportunities and challenges facing the two countries. They agree that
a sound and stable relationship between the United States and China
serves the fundamental interests of both the American and Chinese
peoples and is important to fulfilling their common responsibility to
work for peace and prosperity in the 21st century.
They agree that while the United States and China have areas of both
agreement and disagreement, they have a significant common interest
and a firm common will to seize opportunities and meet challenges
cooperatively, with candor and a determination to achieve concrete
progress. The United States and China have major differences on the
question of human rights. At the same time, they also have great
potential for cooperation in maintaining global and regional peace and
stability; promoting world economic growth; preventing the
proliferation of weapons or mass destruction; advancing Asia-Pacific
regional cooperation; combating narcotics trafficking, international
organized crime and terrorism; strengthening bilateral exchanges and
cooperation in economic development, trade, law, environmental
protection, energy, science and technology, and education and culture;
as well as engaging in military exchanges.
The two Presidents are determined to build toward a constructive
strategic partnership between the United States and China through
increasing cooperation to meet international challenges and promote
peace and development in the world. To achieve this goal, they agree
to approach U.S.-China relations from a long-term perspective on the
basis of the principles of the three U.S.-China joint communiques.
China stresses that the Taiwan question is the most important and
sensitive central question in China-U.S. relations, and that the
proper handling of this question in strict compliance with the
principles set forth in the three China-U.S. joint communiques holds
the key to sound and stable growth of China- U.S. relations. The
United States reiterates that it adheres to its "one China" policy and
the principles set forth in the three U.S.-China joint communiques.
As permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, the
United States and China support the UN in its efforts, in accordance
with the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, to play a positive
and effective role on global issues, including peacekeeping and the
promotion of economic and social development. Both countries support
efforts to reform the UN and to make the Security Council more
representative, while retaining and improving its effectiveness.
Stressing the need to put the UN on a firmer financial basis, both
countries will participate actively in discussions on the Scale of
Assessments in the UN.
As two major countries in the Asia-Pacific region, the United States
and China are ready to strengthen their cooperation to meet various
challenges and make positive contributions to promoting stability and
prosperity in the region. Recognizing that maintenance of peace and
stability on the Korean Peninsula is of great importance, the two
countries are working through the Four-Party Talks to help establish a
durable peace on the Peninsula, and will continue consultations to
this end. They also stress that it is in the interest of the two
countries to maintain peace and stability in other important regions,
including the Middle East, the Gulf, and South Asia.
The two Presidents agreed on a number of steps that will provide a
framework for further promoting U.S.-China relations and strengthening
their cooperation in international affairs.
High-Level Dialogue and Consultations
The United States and China agree to regular visits by their
Presidents to each other's capitals.
They agree to a Washington-Beijing presidential communications link to
facilitate direct contact.
They also agree to regular exchanges of visits by cabinet and
sub-cabinet officials to consult on political, military, security and
arms control issues.
Energy and Environment Cooperation
The United States and China reaffirm the importance of bilateral
cooperation across the broad range of environmental issues, as
evidenced by the establishment of the U.S.-China Forum on Environment
and Development in March 1997.
They consider it a critical challenge to develop and efficiently use
energy sources, protect the global environment, and promote
environmentally sound growth and development. Accordingly, they agree
to strengthen their cooperation in energy and environment through an
initiative to accelerate clean energy projects and the appropriate
transfer of related technologies. The principal areas of cooperation
will be in clean energy, urban air pollution control and rural
electrification. This initiative also will foster broader cooperation
on global environment issues such as climate change, desertification
and bio-diversity. China's State Planning Commission and the U.S.
Energy Department have signed the U.S.-China Initiative on Energy and
Environment Cooperation to promote effective cooperation in these
fields, including the use of clean energy.
Economic Relations and Trade
The two Presidents are prepared to take positive and effective
measures to expand U.S.-China trade and economic ties. As both
economies move into the 21st century, information technology will be
critical to spurring technological innovation and improving
productivity. In this regard, China indicated its intention to
participate as soon as possible in the Information Technology
Agreement. In addition, in the context of WTO negotiations, China will
continue to make further substantial tariff reductions.
The United States and China agree that China's full participation in
the multilateral trading system is in their mutual interest. To this
end, they agree to intensify negotiations on market access, including
tariffs, non-tariff measures, services, standards and agriculture and
on implementation of WTO principles so that China can accede to the
WTO on a commercially meaningful basis at the earliest possible date.
Peaceful Nuclear Cooperation
The United States and China agree that it is in their mutual interest
to cooperate in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. To this end, they
each have taken the steps necessary to implement the U.S.-China
Agreement on Peaceful Nuclear Cooperation concluded in 1985. In
addition, China's State Planning Commission and the U.S. Department of
Energy have signed an Agreement of Intent to promote peaceful nuclear
cooperation and research between the two countries.
Nonproliferation
The United States and China agree to work to bring the Comprehensive
Test Ban Treaty into force at the earliest possible date. They also
agree to pursue at the UN Conference on Disarmament the early start of
formal negotiations on the Treaty on the Prohibition of the Production
of Fissile Materials Used in Nuclear Weapons and Other Nuclear
Explosive Devices.
The United States and China reiterate their commitment not to provide
any assistance to unsafeguarded nuclear facilities and nuclear
explosion programs. China has placed controls on exports of nuclear
and dual-use materials and related technology and will take further
measures to strengthen dual-use export controls by mid-1998. The
United States will continue to enforce firm controls on the export of
nuclear and dual-use materials and related technology.
As original parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention, the United
States and China agree to cooperate in implementing the Convention
within a multilateral framework. Both countries agree on the
importance of government oversight of chemical-related exports.
The United States and China agree to build on the 1994 Joint Statement
on Missile Nonproliferation. They reaffirm their respective
commitments to the guidelines and parameters of the Missile Technology
Control Regime (MTCR).
Human Rights
The United States and China both recognize the positive role of the
Universal Declaration on Human Rights and other international human
rights instruments in promoting human rights. They reiterate their
commitment to the promotion and protection of human rights and
fundamental freedoms.
While the two countries have not resolved their differences on human
rights, they have agreed to discuss them through dialogue at both
governmental and non-governmental levels in the spirit of equality and
mutual respect. The two countries agree to hold discussions on the
structure and functions of an NGO forum on human rights.
Cooperation in the Field of Law
The United States and China agree that promoting cooperation in the
field of law serves the interests and needs of both countries.
They will strengthen cooperation in combating international organized
crime, narcotics trafficking, alien smuggling, counterfeiting and
money laundering. To this end, they intend to establish a joint
liaison group for law enforcement cooperation composed of
representatives of the relevant agencies of both governments. They
agree to begin consultations on mutual legal assistance aimed at
concluding a mutual legal assistance agreement.
The United States and China will assign counternarcotics officers to
their respective embassies on a reciprocal basis.
Recognizing the importance the United States and China each attaches
to legal exchanges, they intend to establish a joint liaison group to
pursue cooperative activities in this area. These may include
exchanges of legal experts; training of judges and lawyers;
strengthening legal information systems and the exchange of legal
materials; sharing ideas about legal assistance; consulting on
administrative procedures; and strengthening commercial law and
arbitration.
As part of this program of legal cooperation, China's Minister of
Justice will visit the United States in November 1997 at the
invitation of the U.S. Attorney General.
Military-to-Military Relations
The United States and China have reached agreement on the
establishment of a consultation mechanism to strengthen military
maritime safety, which will enable their maritime and air forces to
avoid accidents, misunderstandings or miscalculations.
They agree to share information and discuss issues related to their
respective experiences in the areas of humanitarian assistance and
disaster relief.
Science and Technology, Educational and Cultural Exchanges
The U.S.-China Joint Commission on Science and Technology will
continue to guide the active bilateral scientific and technological
cooperation program, which involves more than 30 agreements reached
since 1979, and will promote the further use of science and technology
to solve national and global problems. The United States and China
also will identify areas for cooperative projects using space for
Earth science research and practical applications.
The United States and China will expand educational and cultural
exchanges. Both Presidents believe that increased people-to people
exchanges will help cultivate long-term bilateral relations.
President Jiang Zemin expressed his thanks to President Clinton and
the American people for their warm reception and invited President
Clinton to visit China in 1998. President Clinton accepted this
invitation with pleasure.
(end text)




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