Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesman on Nuclear Exports
China is fully prepared to work with other countries to promote nuclear disarmament, prevent nuclear proliferation and promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesman Cui Tiankai made the remarks in Beijing on September 15 in a statement concerning the announcement of a State Council regulation governing nuclear exports.
Cui noted that the prevention of nuclear proliferation is not only the ultimate goal, but is also a necessary measure and step in the process of realizing a complete ban and the thorough destruction of nuclear weapons.
Cui said reaching this end necessitates the gradual realization of nuclear disarmament and the prevention of nuclear proliferation.
Cui pointed out that it is necessary to achieve security guarantee for nuclear-free nations, promises that major nuclear powers will refrain from the first use of nuclear force, and international cooperation for the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
The ministry spokesman pointed out that the regulation issued by the State Council on September 10 represents yet "another important step" the Chinese government has taken to further enhance and improve the management on nuclear exports based on relevant international norms and the government's consistent stand on the issue.
The regulation reaffirms China's policy on nuclear exports and reiterates the three principles for nuclear exports--guaranteeing peaceful use; accepting the supervision of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); and refraining from transferring nuclear materials to a third party without approval from China.
The regulation also prohibits providing any help to nuclear facilities beyond the scope of monitoring by the international supervisory body.
The regulation stipulates that nuclear exports will be the responsibility of departments appointed by the State Council, and all other departments and individuals are strictly prohibited from engaging in related activities.
The State is in the process of implementing a licensing system for nuclear exports. All related items and relevant technology on the "Nuclear Export Control List" must have appropriate licenses prior to exportation.
The application process for nuclear exports will be examined by departments in charge of nuclear industry and departments in charge of nuclear export.
Export of items with a direct bearing on national security, public interest and foreign policy must be carried out in consultation with the Foreign Affairs Ministry, and, if necessary, approved by the State Council.
The Chinese government retains the right to terminate exports of approved nuclear materials if the recipient violates the regulations, or if there is any danger of nuclear proliferation.
Cui said the Chinese government's position on the issue is quite clear.
China is a signatory of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and a member of the IAEA, said Cui, adding that the nation has always supported a complete ban and the thorough destruction of nuclear weapons.
China does not advocate, encourage, or undertake nuclear proliferation, and nor will it help other countries develop nuclear weapons. China steadfastly observes its international legal obligations for preventing nuclear proliferation, said Cui.
China has consistently supported the efforts of the international community to prevent nuclear proliferation and has actively participated in the talks to enhance the supervisory capacity of the IAEA. China has contributed to the success of related talks, said Cui, adding that the country is fully prepared to bear its international responsibilities and adopt corresponding measures to contribute to the supervision effort.
Cui said that China has always adopted a cautious and responsible attitude towards nuclear exports and export of all materials which could in any way lead to the proliferation of nuclear weapons.
China's nuclear exports are strictly limited to peaceful uses, and China abides by the three principles of nuclear export, said Cui, adding that China has strict control mechanism and approval procedures for nuclear exports.
China has gradually reinforced and perfected its control mechanism for nuclear exports in recent years in order to meet with the needs of the socialist market economy and to satisfy the requirements of the legal system, said Cui.
The State Council issued a notice last May strictly implementing the country's policies on nuclear exports, according to Cui. He said the notice stipulates that China's exports of nuclear materials, equipment and relevant technologies, as well as non-nuclear materials for reactors, and dual-purpose equipment, materials and relevant nuclear technology can not be provided to or used in nuclear facilities which are beyond the safeguards and monitoring of the International Atomic Energy Agency.
The notice stipulates that departments and companies are prohibited from cooperating with nuclear facilities beyond scrutiny by the Agency, as well as from exchanging professionals, technology and information with the said entities.
Cui said the notice strictly regulates on the export of dual-purpose articles related to nuclear materials and that China's control list complies with international standards.
China used this as the basis for issuing regulations on the control of nuclear exports, said Cui.
He noted that relevant Chinese departments are formulating regulations on export controls for dual-purpose articles related to nuclear materials, and will require a control list in line with international standards.
Cui said the measures will reinforce control of nuclear exports and export of all articles which might possibly lead to proliferation of nuclear weapons.
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