CZ-1 Space Launch Vehicle
The CZ-1 was the PRC's first space launch vehicle with missions in 1970 and 1971. Derived from the DF-4 ballistic missile, the three-stage CZ-1 was quickly replaced by the more capable CZ-2 and its cousin the FB-1. The LM-1 successfully launched China's first artificial satellite, which fulfilled the great space plan to "develop nuclear bombs, missiles and satellites".
An improved version, the LM-1C with a liquid-fuel third stage, was abandoned for lack of payloads.
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