Algerian Space Agency (ASAL)
Initially, space technology activities were largely directed by the National Centre for Space Technology, until such time as the new Algerian space agency becomes operational. The national policy development areas of technology and space applications dates back to 1987, with the creation of the National Center for Space Technology (CNTS), the result of a merger between the National School of Geodetic Sciences (Ministry of Defence national) and the Laboratory for Space Studies of Radiation (High Commissioner for Research). Many scientific and application-oriented projects had been developed in the laboratories of CNTS.
Among the projects were the completion of the mapping and inventory of alfa grass of the steppe in 1988, national sensitivity map to desertification of steppe wilayas, in 1996, the urban database Oran in 1997, the geographic information system (GIS) dedicated to managing the urban water network (case of Oran) in 1997, and the geographic database of the industrial zone of Arzew with its precise geodetic system in 1996 . As for space technologies, the early years of CNTS were devoted to the formation of a core of researchers in the fields of space instrumentation, space mechanics and electronics. The project design, implementation and launch of the first Algerian satellite Earth Observation medium resolution Alsat 1, was created through a collaboration with the Surrey Space Centre (United Kingdom).
Space activities in Algeria in 2007 were characterized by accelerated implementation of the National Space Programme (2006-2020), whose main purpose is the use of space tools to promote sustainable development. The pursuit of these initiatives necessitated the reorganization of national space activities, including the establishment, at the Algerian Space Agency (ASAL), of new operational entities responsible for implementing the program.
In 2002 Algeria decided to import a space program and create a space agency called ASAL ( Algerian space Agency ) with goal to launch 10 satellites into space by 2017. The Algerian Space Agency is a national public institution specific character, with legal personality and financial autonomy. It was created with the head of government by Presidential Decree No. 02-48 of 16 January 2002. The Asal is the instrument design and implementation of the national policy of promotion and development of space activity. Its main objective is to make the space tool a powerful vector of economic, social and cultural development and to ensure the safety and well-being of the national community. It has a board of directors composed of representatives from 15 ministries; of a scientific committee composed of experts in the fields of space technology and applications
Duties and responsibilities :
- Propose to the government the elements of a national strategy in the field of space activities and ensure implementation;
- Implement a spatial infrastructure to build national capacities;
- Implement the annual and multiannual programs for the development of national space activities related to the various sectors concerned and to ensure the monitoring and evaluation;
- Propose to the Government space systems best suited to national concerns and to ensure, on behalf of the state, their design, implementation and operations;
- Propose to government bilateral and multilateral cooperation policy tailored to national needs;
- Monitoring and evaluation of obligations from state obligations to regional and international agreements in the fields of space activity.
The Algerian Space Agency consists of a central structure and four operational units.
- Space Technology Centre (STC);
- Space Applications Centre (SAC);
- Satellites Development Center (CDS);
- Operating Centre Telecommunication Systems (CEST).
The Center for Space Techniques ( CTS ) is responsible for conducting all activities of studies and scientific and technical research in the fields:
- Space technology, including techniques related to sensors, radiometers, for space telecommunications, ground receiving stations and control as well as machines and instruments for Earth observation and atmosphere;
- Physics of aerospace remote sensing, the energy balance in soil and atmospheric physics;
- The methodology of processing satellite images and image processing databases;
- Space geodesy and reference systems, satellite navigation techniques and systems, radio astronomy and space altimetry, determination of the gravity field and geoid, geodynamic and applications;
- Geomatics, geographic information systems and data bases, methods of acquisition (topographic, photogrammetry, remote sensing and cartography), processing and retrieval of geographic data.
The Satellite Development Center (SDC ) is responsible for the design, development and implementation of space systems provided for in the national space program, including the contribution to development of domestic industry in the related fields of space technology, including the fields of mechanics, electronics, optics, computer science and telecommunications.
The Space Applications Centre (SAC) is responsible for implementing the operational actions of satellites and systems arising from space programs, in relation to the different user sectors. The center ensures the achievement of sectoral and intersectoral operational projects based on remote sensing and geographic information systems, particularly in the fields of the environment and natural hazards, agriculture and water resources, land use land and urban planning as well as the geology and earth sciences.
The Operations Center for Telecommunications Systems (CEST) is responsible for the management, operation and marketing of telecommunications products and satellite services under the national space program, including:
- Technical management of terrestrial infrastructure of reception and control;
- Support products and services satellite in relation to the user sectors;
- The definition and implementation of products and services marketing policy.
In addition to satellite project "Alsat 2 B", which was manufactured in CDS Oran to orbit before the end of 2013, the Agency has scheduled the launch of a series of satellites "Alsat 4" a advanced technology, in addition to the communications satellite "Alsatcom" that will allow the realization of a number of objectives in the field of broadcasting, the development of digital photography and the use of mobile and landline phone. The program development of the Algerian space activity, which stretches from 2006 to 2020, focuses on skills development, the realization of various innovations such as the integration of cameras in satellites and solar panels in this activity, and modernization applications and experiences for the storage of data and content. Far from being "luxury" projects, these satellites will serve as tools of great importance for several projects of national importance, providing a precise imagery acquired in the past currency abroad.
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