End conditions that feed terrorism, Ban tells Security Council at day-long debate
15 January 2013 – Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today called for a focus on conditions that feed terrorism as part of a comprehensive strategy against the scourge, as he opened a debate in the Security Council that expected some 50 speakers, including several high-level national officials.
“Terrorism festers where conflicts are endemic … and where human rights, human dignity and human life are not protected and impunity prevails,” Mr. Ban said in a meeting chaired by Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar of Pakistan, which holds the January Presidency of the 15-member body.
Making it clear that no grievances can ever justify terrorism, the Secretary-General underlined the connection between security and development, the need for dialogue and understanding and the importance of information technology in countering messages of hate and radicalization.
“We have to drown out shrill appeals to intolerance and extremism with sound calls for compassion and moderation,” he said, adding: “We have to replace the terrorist narrative with messages of peace, development and human welfare.”
Mr. Ban said that the past year saw solid progress in international solidarity against terrorism, noting that in June the General Assembly reaffirmed the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy, strengthening resolve to support victims of attacks and renewing commitments to a comprehensive approach to terrorism grounded in respect for human rights and the rule of law.
He also welcomed upcoming international conferences on human-rights training for counter-terrorist officials, national and regional strategies against terrorism and addressing conditions conducive to the spread of terrorism.
Other counter-terrorism priorities included ending the financing of the scourge and ensuring that the crimes did not impede delivery of humanitarian assistance to civilians, particularly in Mali and the broader Sahel region, “where terrorism feeds off of extreme destitution and undermines development through violence, intolerance and human rights abuses,” he said.
Expressing sympathies with “the far too many victims” of the past year, he paid particular tribute to Malala Yousufzai, the Pakistani teen who was targeted by extremists because of her educational advocacy.
“Malala and her schoolmates have shown tremendous courage,” he said, adding: “Their grace and integrity challenge the world to respond to the terrorist threat with the comprehensive and broad-based approach that is essential to success.”
Expressing the hope that Ms. Yousufzai’s life will now be a testimony of the resilience of the Pakistani people, Ms. Khar noted that she was one of some 37,000 innocent civilians in her country who, along with some 7,000 security officials, had fallen victim to what she called “this hydra-headed monster of terrorism.”
Outlining her country’s counter-terrorism approach, which she summed up as “deterrence, development and dialogue,” she also called for a comprehensive approach “which is much more effective than our present effort and which is geared toward not only winning the battle but the war.”
The Foreign Minister called for international efforts against terrorism to be much more nimble in adapting to the ever-changing tactics of terrorists, to address root causes such as intolerance and long-festering conflicts, to focus on organized crime and regional initiatives and boost cooperation for capacity-building and intelligence-sharing, among other areas, while avoiding associating extremism with any religion or culture.
“An honest dialogue between different religions and civilizations is a continuing political imperative,” she said.
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