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Homeland Security

National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States Hearings
"9/11 Commission"

Final Report of the 9/11 Commission

    June 16, 2004

    "National Crisis Management"

    STAFF STATEMENT NO. 17: Improvising a Homeland Defense

    PANEL: MILITARY RESPONSE ON 9/11

    PANEL: FAA RESPONSE ON 9/11

    • Monte Belger, Former Acting Deputy Administrator, Federal Aviation Administration
    • Jeff Griffith, Former Deputy Director, Air Traffic Control, Federal Aviation Administration
    • John White, Former Facility Manager, Air Traffic Control Systems Command Center, Federal Aviation Administration
    • Benedict Sliney, Operations Manager, New York Terminal Radar Approach Control, Federal Aviation Administration

    June 16, 2004

    "The 9/11 Plot"

    STAFF STATEMENT NO. 15: Overview of the Enemy

    PANEL: AL QAEDA

    • Mary Deborah Doran, Special Agent, Federal Bureau of Investigation
    • Patrick J. Fitzgerald, U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois
    • CIA Official

    STAFF STATEMENT NO. 16: Outline of the 9/11 Plot

    PANEL: OUTLINE OF THE 9/11 PLOT

    • Jacqueline Maguire, Special Agent, Federal Bureau of Investigation
    • James N. Fitzgerald, Special Agent, Federal Bureau of Investigation
    • Adam B. Drucker, Supervisory Special Agent, Federal Bureau of Investigation
    • CIA Official

    May 19, 2004

    STAFF STATEMENT NO. 14: Crisis Management

    • Rudolph W. Giuliani, Former Mayor, City of New York

    PANEL 4

    May 18, 2004

    "Emergency Response"

    STAFF STATEMENT NO. 13: Emergency Preparedness and Response

    PANEL 1

    • Alan Reiss, Former Director, World Trade Department, Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
    • Joseph Morris, Former Chief, Port Authority of New York and New Jersey Police Department

    PANEL 2

    PANEL 3

    April 14, 2004

    [Full Hearing Transcript]

    STAFF STATEMENT NO. 11: The Performance of the Intelligence Community

    PANEL: PREVENTING FUTURE ATTACKS INSIDE THE UNITED STATES

    STAFF STATEMENT NO. 12: Reforming Law Enforcement, Counterterrorism, and Intelligence Collection in the United States

    PANEL: FBI LEADERSHIP AND INITIATIVES POST-9/11

    • Robert S. Mueller III, Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation
    • Ms. Maureen Baginski, Executive Assistant Director for Intelligence, Federal Bureau of Investigation


    April 13, 2004

    [Full Hearing Transcript]

    Law Enforcement and the Intelligence Community

    Opening Statement from Chairman Thomas H. Kean

    STAFF STATEMENT NO. 9: Law Enforcement, Counterterrorism, and Intelligence Collection in the United States Prior to 9/11

    • Louis J. Freeh, Former Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation
    • Janet Reno, Former Attorney General of the United States

    STAFF STATEMENT NO. 10: Threats and Responses in 2001

    PANEL: SUMMER 2001


    April 8, 2004

    [Full Hearing Transcript]


    March 24, 2004

    [Full Hearing Transcript]

    STAFF STATEMENT: Intelligence Policy


    STAFF STATEMENT: National Policy Coordination

    • Samuel R. Berger, Former Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs

    • Richard A. Clarke, Former National Coordinator for Counterterrorism, National Security Council

    • Richard L. Armitage, Deputy Secretary of State


    March 23, 2004

    [Full Hearing Transcript]

    Counterterrorism Policy

    STAFF STATEMENT: Diplomacy


    STAFF STATEMENT: The Military


    January 27, 2004

    [Full Hearing Transcript]

    Borders, Transportation, and Managing Risk (Continued)

    Opening Statement from Chairman Kean

    STAFF STATEMENT: The Aviation Security System and the 9/11 Attacks

    PANEL FIVE: Aviation Security on 9/11: The Regulators
    • Jane F. Garvey, former Administrator, Federal Aviation Administration
    • Cathal L. "Irish" Flynn, former Associate Administrator of Civil Aviation Security, Federal Aviation Administration
    • Claudio Manno, Assistant Administrator for Intelligence, Transportation Security Administration

    PANEL SIX: Aviation Security on 9/11: The Airlines
    • Edmond L. Soliday, former Vice President of Safety, Quality Assurance, and Security, United Airlines
    • Andrew P. Studdert, former Chief Operating Officer, United Airlines
    • Gerard J. Arpey, Chief Executive Officer, American Airlines
    • Tim J. Ahern, Vice President - DFW Hub, and former Vice President of Safety, Security, and Environmental, American Airlines

    STAFF STATEMENT: The Four Flights

    PANEL SEVEN: Acts of Courage in the Sky
    • Nydia Gonzalez, Manager, Southeast Reservations Center, American Airlines

    PANEL EIGHT: Risk Management after September 11
    • James M. Loy, Deputy Secretary, Department of Homeland Security

    Closing Statement by Chair Thomas H. Kean and Vice Chair Lee H. Hamilton
    Statements Submitted for the Record


    January 26, 2004

    [Full Hearing Transcript]

    Borders, Transportation, and Managing Risk

    Opening Statement from Chairman Kean

    STAFF STATEMENT: Entry of the 9/11 Hijackers into the United States

    PANEL ONE: The Border Security System Prior to September 11
    • Mary A. Ryan, former Assistant Secretary for Consular Affairs, Department of State
    • Doris Meissner, former Commissioner, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Department of Justice

    PANEL TWO: An Incident in Florida
    STAFF STATEMENT: Three 9/11 Hijackers: Identification, Watchlisting, and Tracking

    PANEL THREE: Visas and Watchlisting Today
    • Maura Harty, Assistant Secretary for Consular Affairs, Department of State
    • Russell E. Travers, Deputy Director, Information Sharing and Knowledge Management Department, Terrorist Threat Integration Center
    • Donna A. Bucella, Director, Terrorist Screening Center, FBI

    PANEL FOUR: The Response to September 11 on the Borders
    • James Ziglar, former Commissioner, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Department of Justice
    • Robert C. Bonner, Commissioner, Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security
    • Peter F. Verga, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Homeland Defense, Department of Defense

    Closing Statement by Chair Thomas H. Kean and Vice Chair Lee H. Hamilton


    December 8, 2003

    [Full Hearing Transcript]

    Security and Liberty

    Opening Statement from Chairman Kean

    Intelligence Collection within the United States
    Protecting Privacy, Preventing Terrorism
    • Judith A. Miller, Partner, Williams & Connolly, and former General Counsel, Department of Defense
    • Stewart A. Baker, Partner, Steptoe & Johnson, and former General Counsel, National Security Agency
    • Marc Rotenberg, Executive Director, Electronic Privacy Information Center

    Preventive Detention: Use of Immigration Laws and Enemy Combatant Designations to Combat Terrorism
    • Jan Ting, Professor of Law, Temple University Beasley School of Law, and former Assistant Commissioner for Refugees, Asylum and Parole, Immigration and Naturalization Service
    • Khaled Medhat Abou El Fadl, Visiting Professor, Yale Law School, and Professor, Distinguished Fellow in Islamic Law, UCLA School of Law
    • David Martin, Warner-Booker Distinguished Professor of International Law, University of Virginia Law School, and former General Counsel, Immigration and Naturalization Service

    Government Organization and Domestic Intelligence
    • William P. Barr, Executive Vice President and General Counsel, Verizon Communications, and former Attorney General of the United States
    • John J. Hamre, President and Chief Executive Officer, Center for Strategic and International Studies, and former Deputy Secretary of Defense
    • John MacGaffin, Director, AKE LLC, and former Associate Deputy Director for Operations, Central Intelligence Agency


    November 19, 2003

    [Full Hearing Transcript]

    Private/Public Sector Partnerships for Emergency Preparedness

    Opening Statement from Chairman Kean

    Welcome and Highlights of New Jersey's Public/Private Sector Partnerships
    • Governor James E. McGreevey

    Risks and Consequences of Terrorism for the Private Sector
    PANEL: Skyscraper Safety Issues from 9-11 Family Members
    PANEL: Public/Private Initiatives Since 9-11
    • Michael F. Byrne, Director, Office of National Capital Region Coordination, Department of Homeland Security
    • Dennis J. Reimer, Director, National Memorial Institute for Prevention of Terrorism (MIPT)
    • Richard A. Andrews, Senior Director, National Center for Crisis and Continuity Coordination

    Multimedia Presentations of Initiatives across the United States
    • Kings County, WA (Public/Private Sector Disaster Preparedness Plan)
    • International Association Assembly Managers (Preparedness Training in the U.S.)

    Private Sector Experience on 9-11
    PANEL: Standards for Emergency Management and Business Continuity
    • Glenn Corbett, Professor of Fire Safety, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, Member, NIST Investigation, and Bergen County Fire Captain
    • Randall Yim, Director, National Preparedness Team, General Accounting Office

    PANEL: Future Strategies for Private Sector Preparedness
    • William G. Raisch, Director, Emergency Corps Program, Sponsored by The Greater New York Safety Council
    • Peter R. Orszag, Joseph A. Pechman Senior Fellow in Economic Studies,The Brookings Institution
    • James Haviaris, Vice President for Operations and Management, Rockefeller Group Development Corporation
    • Thomas Susman, Partner, Ropes & Gray and Chief Author of Business Roundtable Report on Terrorism: Real Threats. Real Costs. Joint Solutions.


    October 14, 2003

    [Full Hearing Transcript]

    Intelligence and the War on Terrorism

    Opening Statement from Chairman Kean

    Leadership of U.S. Intelligence
    • James R. Schlesinger, Chairman, MITRE Corporation, and former Director of Central Intelligence and Secretary of Defense
    • John M. Deutch, Professor of Chemistry, MIT, and former Director of Central Intelligence and Deputy Secretary of Defense

    Intelligence and National Security Policy
    • James B. Steinberg, Vice President and Director of Foreign Policy Studies, The Brookings Institution, and former Deputy National Security Adviser

    PANEL: Warning of Transnational Threats
    • Richard Kerr, Former Deputy Director, Central Intelligence Agency
    • Mary O. McCarthy, Visiting Fellow, CSIS, and former National Intelligence Officer for Warning, Central Intelligence Agency
    • John Gannon, Staff Director, House Select Committee on Homeland Security


    July 9, 2003

    [Full Hearing Transcript] Opening Statement from Chairman Kean

    PANEL ONE: Al Qaeda
    • Rohan Gunaratna, Head of Terrorism Research and Associate Professor, Institute for Defence and Strategic Studies, Singapore and author of Inside Al Qaeda: Global Network of Terror
    • Mamoun Fandy, Senior Fellow, United States Institute of Peace and author of Saudi Arabia and the Politics of Dissent
    • Marc Sageman, Lecturer, Solomon Asch Center for the Study of Ethnopolitical Conflict, University of Pennsylvania

    PANEL TWO: States and Terrorism
    • Laurie Mylroie, Adjunct Fellow, American Enterprise Institute and author of Study of Revenge: Saddam Hussein's Unfinished War Against America
    • Judith Yaphe, Senior Research Fellow and Middle East Project Director, Institute for National Strategic Studies, National Defense University
    • Murhaf Jouejati, Adjunct Scholar, Middle East Institute and Lecturer, George Washington University
    • Mark Gasiorowski, Professor of Political Science, Louisiana State University

    PANEL THREE: The Challenge within the Muslim World
    • Rachel Bronson, Senior Fellow and Director of Middle East Studies, Council on Foreign Relations
    • Steven Emerson, Executive Director of the Investigative Project and author of American Jihad: The Terrorists Living Among Us
    • Gilles Kepel, Professor, Institute of Political Studies, Paris and author of Jihad: The Trail of Political Islam
    • Dennis Ross, Director and Ziegler Distinguished Fellow, Washington Institute for Near East Policy


    May 23, 2003

    [Full Hearing Transcript]

    Civil Aviation Security (continued)

    September 11, 2001: The Attacks and the Response
    • Norman Mineta, Secretary of Transportation
    • MajGen Craig McKinley, Commander, 1st Air Force and the Continental U.S. NORAD Region
    • LTG Mike Canavan (ret.), former Associate Administrator for Civil Aviation Security

    Reforming Civil Aviation Security: Next Steps
    • Stephen McHale, Deputy Administrator, Transportation Security Agency
    • MGen O.K. Steele (ret.), former Associate Administrator for Civil Aviation Security
    • Mary Schiavo, former Inspector General, Department of Transportation


    May 22, 2003

    [Full Hearing Transcript]

    Congressional Oversight

    Opening Statement from Chairman Kean

    Commission Mandate and Objectives
    Intelligence Oversight and the Joint Inquiry
    Affected Constituencies

    Civil Aviation Security

    State of the System: Civil Aviation Security on September 11th
    • Jane Garvey, former Administrator, Federal Aviation Administration
    • Kenneth Mead, Inspector General, Department of Transportation
    • James May, President, Air Transport Association of America
    • Bogdan Dzakovic, Civil Aviation Security Inspector, Transportation Security Agency


    April 1, 2003

    [Full Hearing Transcript]

    Borders, Money, and Transportation Security
    Law Enforcement, Domestic Intelligence, and Homeland Security
    PANEL: Immediate Response to the Attacks


    March 31, 2003

    [Full Hearing Transcript]

    Commissioners' Opening Statements

    Remarks by Governor George Pataki, State of New York
    Remarks by Mayor Michael Bloomberg, City of New York

    The Experience of the Attack

    Representatives of the Victims

    The Attackers, Intelligence, and Counter-Terrorism Policy




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