Fort Worth Star Telegram (Texas) March 14, 2003
Texans Receive Orders
More than 42,000 Texas troops are expected to be sent to the Persian Gulf region, including more than 6,000 reservists and more than 3,000 National Guardsmen. These are some of the major units:
32nd Army Air and Missile Defense Command
Base: Fort Bliss
Details: About 1,500 including the 11th and 31st Army brigades, and the 35th and 108th air defense artillery brigades, which are in Kuwait.
Duties: Operate Patriot missile batteries. Provide air defense from incoming missiles, such as Iraqi Scuds, with advanced PAC-2 and PAC-3 missiles.
U.S. Army III Corps
Base: Fort Hood
Details: More than 30,000 including the entire 4th Infantry Division, the 1st Cavalry and elements of the 13th Support Command. Up to 4,000 soldiers with the division's 3rd Brigade, based at Fort Carson, Colo., are also part of the deployment.
1st Cavalry: Most armor-heavy and technologically advanced unit. Employs M1A2 Abrams tanks, Bradley fighting vehicles, artillery and AH-64 Apache Longbow attack helicopters. The division is the Army's largest and its only armored contingency force, and includes seven brigade-size units plus an air defense artillery battalion, signal battalion, military intelligence battalion, chemical company and military police company. It includes the 490th Civil Affairs Battalion based in Abilene.
The 4th Infantry Division: Will head Task Force Iron Horse, made up of more than 37,000 troops from 10 military installations. The 4th Division is a heavy-armor division that employs M1A2 Abrams tanks, Bradley fighting vehicles, 155 mm howitzers, anti-tank and anti-armor AH-64 Apache attack helicopters and UH-60 Black Hawk transport helicopters in combat operations. Equipment was moved in February and is now staged off the coast of Turkey.
13th Corps Support Command: Provides logistical aid, including transportation, engineering and medical units to III Corps units. The unit includes the 69th Chemical Company, Fort Hood; 1st Battalion, 227th Aviation Regiment, Fort Hood; 68th Engineer Company, Fort Hood; 490th Civil Affairs Battalion, Abilene.
More than 4,500 Army Reservists have deployment orders, including two units in Grand Prairie.
ARMY NATIONAL GUARD
Nearly 2,900 National Guard troops have deployment orders.
7th Bomb Wing, Dyess Air Force Base, Abilene
Details: The Air Force has deployed about 1,800 troops from Texas. Crews from the 7th Wing, a B-1 Bomber support unit, were deployed to the Asia-Pacific region on Feb. 24. Bombers arrived in Guam on March 6. Air Force will not release exact deployment numbers and location.
AIR NATIONAL GUARD
136th Airlift Wing, Fort Worth
Details: The wing provides airlift support to deployed troops in the Persian Gulf region. The flying mission includes air-land and air-drop delivery of cargo and people.
More than 900 Navy reservists based at the Naval Air Station in Fort Worth have received deployment orders. This includes the Strike Fighter Squadron 201, which is aboard the USS Theodore Roosevelt in the Mediterranean Sea.
MARINE CORPS RESERVE
Nearly 800 Marine Corps reservists have received deployment orders.
SOURCES: Star-Telegram research, The New York Times, CNN, Globalsecurity.org, The Washington Post, Jane's Online, Agence France Presse, The Associated Press, Pentagon, ClariNews, military Web sites, Army, Navy, Air Force and Marine Corps, Corpus Christi Caller-Times, El Paso Times, Federation of American Scientists
Research by Staff Writers Clarissa Aljentera, Maricar Estrella and Chris Vaughn.
1. Map(s): STAR-TELEGRAM GRAPHIC/ W. MATT PINKNEY, JOHN T. VALLES, DON COOK
Copyright © 2003, Star-Telegram Newspaper, Inc.