Transdniester Joint Control Board (JCB)
The hostilities in the armed conflict from the Eastern districts of the country were stopped through the "Agreement on principles of Transnistrian military conflict peaceful settlement in the Republic of Moldova" concluded on July 21, 1992, in Moscow. To implement the provisions of the Agreement, the Joint Control Board (JCB) was formed, consisting of three delegations (Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation and Tiraspol administration constitutional bodies), as well as the representative of the Ukraine within the Board. Therefore, the OSCE mission representatives to the Republic of Moldova also participate in this Board's activity. Due to these decisions, JCB instituted the Security Zone along the Nistru River, formed of three sectors (North - Ribnita, center - Dubasari and South - Bender) with a 225 km length and 12-20 km width, where from military and militarized forces had to be removed. This goal was achieved by the Chisinau authorities and unexecuted by Tiraspol Administration, that still keeps maintaining considerable military forces in the Security Zone, including three of the four motorized infantry brigade and other military units with a total number of nearly 3500 servicemen.
Through the JCB decisions, the Mixed Peacekeeping Forces (MPF), were deployed in the Security Zone. They consist of three contingents: Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, Armed Forces of Republic of Moldova constitutional institutions and Tiraspol Administration (a total of 5500 military, of which 3100 military belonging to the Russian Federation contingent, 1200 military - Republic of Moldova constitutional bodies; 1200 - Tiraspol administration).
After the conclusion of Odessa Agreement on March 20, 1998, at the end of this year, Ukrainian military observers (10 military men) started working in the Security Zone within the four-partite groups of observers. These groups are the basic control mechanism of the situation in the Security Zone and quick reaction to different incidents. They are subordinated to JCB and the Joint Military Commandment.
There are currently 16 MPF checkpoints in the Security Zone. The three contingents of these forces consist of 1200-1300 military men (without the battalion of the Transnistrian conflict outside the Security Zone subordinated to JCB as a reserve battalion). The MPF contingents are equipped with means of transport, infantry weapons, except the Russian Federation contingent, that has also 16 armored technical equipment (TAB) of which 13 are installed at the MPF checkpoints (although the Russian delegation from JCB pledged to remove them from the Security Zone by the end of the year of 2003). The military units of the contingents are deployed in the following way: Russian Federation military groups - in Bender (plus a subunit in Dubasari town); Republic of Moldova constitutional bodies - in Cocieri, Cosnita and Varnita; Tiraspol administration - in Dabasari and Grigoriopol. The military observers' groups are deployed in Dubasari, Criuleni, Dorotcaia, Vadul-lui-Voda and Bender, and the Joint Military Commandment is deployed in Bender town. It is worth mentioning there are no MPF subdivisions deployed in the North sector of the Security Zone.
The JCB runs the MPF through the Joint Military Commandment, consisting of commanders of the three contingents and commander of the Ukrainian observers' group. The Joint Military Commandment fulfils its duties through the MPF Joint Main Staff. There is an increased security system in Bender town and villages Varnita, Gisca, Proteagailovca. The MPF commandment of this area is working in Bender. Another commandment of the North and central sector of the Security Zone is deployed in Dabasari. The Chief of the Joint Main Staff, the officers of military commandments, seniors of observers' groups and staff doing their service at the MPF checkpoints are mainly officers and non-commissioned officers of the Russian Federation contingent.
It is worth mentioning all the decisions of JCB and the Joint Military Commandment are adopted only through consensus of members. Usually, the JCB organizes planned meetings each Thursday. In some exceptional cases, at the request of one of the delegations, extraordinary meetings are convened no later than 24 hours since the demand is filed. During the planned meetings, JCB examines and approves or adopts different decisions related to the Joint Military Commandment weekly report on the situation in the Security Zone, examines organizational problems (e.g. the assignment of JCB members, Joint Military Commandment and military observers) and other issues included in the daily agenda of the meeting or planned for being discussed. The extraordinary meetings focus on the examination and adoption of decisions on the settlement of different problems and incidents held in the Security Zone and need to be solved as soon as possible. Usually, planned meetings take place in Bender Town, while the extraordinary meetings are held either in the place convened by the delegations or in the above-mentioned town.
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