Then out spake brave Horatius|
The Captain of the Gate:
“To every man upon this Earth
Death cometh soon or late.
And how can man die better
Than facing fearful odds,
For the ashes of his fathers
And the temples of his gods.”
"One crowded hour of glorious life|
Is worth an age without a name."
Thomas Osbert Mordaunt (1730–1809)
"We all end up dead, it's just a question of how and why....
Every man dies, not every man really lives...
Fight and you may die,
Run, and you will live. At least for a while.
It's all for nothing if you don't have freedom..."
Alba gu bràth! ["Scotland forever!"]
attributed to William Wallace
" War is essentially an evil thing. Its consequences are not confined to the belligerent states alone, but affect the whole world. To initiate a war of aggression, therefore, is not only an international crime; it is the supreme international crime differing only from other war crimes in that it contains within itself the accumulated evil of the whole."|
Judgment of the International Military Tribunal
The Review Conference of the Rome Statute, held in 2010 in Kampala (Uganda), adopted, inter alia, a set of amendments relating to the definition of the crime of aggression and the provisions for the exercise of the Court's jurisdiction. The Intrntaionl Criminal Court may exercise jurisdiction over the crime of aggression after 1 January 2017, once thirty States Parties have ratified the amendments, and subject to a decision by the Assembly to activate that jurisdiction.
The “crime of aggression” means the planning, preparation, initiation or execution, by a person in a position effectively to exercise control over or to direct the political or military action of a State, of an act of aggression which, by its character, gravity and scale, constitutes a manifest violation of the Charter of the United Nations. An “act of aggression” means the use of armed force by a State against the sovereignty, territorial integrity or political independence of another State, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Charter of the United Nations.
The World at War
|worldwide||War on Drugs||1971 -->|
|Afghanistan||Pashtun Taliban Insurgency||2001 -->|
|Central African Republic||Persistent State Failure||1980s-->|
|Congo (Zaire)||Congo War||1998-->|
|Ethiopia||Eritrea War||1998-2000, ++|
|India||Naxalite Uprising||1967 -->|
|Iraq||Civil War||2014 -->|
|Mali||Tuaregs / Islamists||2012 -->|
|Mexico||Drug War||2006 -->|
|Arab Spring||2010 -->|
|Nigeria||Civil Disturbances||1997 -->|
|Nigeria||Boko Haram||2009 -->|
|Pakistan||Karachi Political Violence||2007 -->|
|Pakistan||Pashtun Jihad||2001 -->|
|Russia||North Caucasus Insurgency||1992 -->|
|South Sudan||Tribal Warfare||2009-->|
|Thailand||Islamic Rebels||2001 -->|
|Ukraine||Russian Agression||2014 -->|
|United States||Afghanistan||1980 -->|
|United States||Djibouti||2001 -->|
|Yemen||Civil War||2011 -->|
" ... war had been literally continuous, though strictly speaking it had not always been the same war. For several months during his childhood there had been confused street fighting in London itself, some of which he remembered vividly. But to trace out the history of the whole period, to say who was fighting whom at any given moment, would have been utterly impossible,... Oceania was at war with Eurasia and in alliance with Eastasia. In no public or private utterance was it ever admitted that the three powers had at any time been grouped along different lines....
|Burkina Faso||Persistent State Failure||1966 -->|
|Burundi||Civil War||2015 -->|
|China||Senkaku Islands||1968 -->|
|China||South China Sea||1988 -->|
|Indonesia||Papua / West Irian||1963-->|
|Israel||Third Intifada ?||2015 - ??|
|Korea||Korean War||1953 -->|
|Kyrgyzstan||Civil Unrest||2010 -->|
|Laos||Hmong Insurgency||2000 -->|
|United States||Philippines||1898 -->|
|Uzbekistan||Civil Disturbances||2005 -->||
"Perpetual peace is no empty idea, but a practical thing which, through its gradual solution, is coming always nearer its final realization..."
The Armed Conflict Database is an annual survey is published by the London-based International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS). According to the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) in London, the past few years have seen a considerable increase in the number of war victims. The number of war dead rose from 56,000 in 2008 to 180,000 in 2014, even though instead of 63 only 42 armed conflicts were counted. In 2013, for the first time since the end of the Second World War, more than 50 million people were refugees.
In 2015 Globally, conflict fatalities amounted to 167,000, which was less than the 180,000 documented in 2014. The last edition of the Armed Conflict Survey covered 42 conflicts around the world. This new edition deals with 37 conflicts, a slightly smaller figure.
The United Nations defines "major wars" as military conflicts inflicting 1,000 battlefield deaths per year. In 1965, there were 10 major wars under way. The new millennium began with much of the world consumed in armed conflict or cultivating an uncertain peace. As of mid-2005, there were eight Major Wars under way [down from 15 at the end of 2003], with as many as two dozen "lesser" conflicts ongoing with varrying degrees of intensity.
Most of these are civil or "intrastate" wars, fueled as much by racial, ethnic, or religious animosities as by ideological fervor. Most victims are civilians, a feature that distinguishes modern conflicts. During World War I, civilians made up fewer than 5 percent of all casualties. Today, 75 percent or more of those killed or wounded in wars are non-combatants.
Africa, to a greater extent than any other continent, is afflicted by war. Africa has been marred by more than 20 major civil wars since 1960. Rwanda, Somalia, Angola, Sudan, Liberia, and Burundi are among those countries that have recently suffered serious armed conflict.
War has caused untold economic and social damage to the countries of Africa. Food production is impossible in conflict areas, and famine often results. Widespread conflict has condemned many of Africa's children to lives of misery and, in certain cases, has threatened the existence of traditional African cultures.
Conflict prevention, mediation, humanitarian intervention and demobilization are among the tools needed to underwrite the success of development assistance programs. Nutrition and education programs, for example, cannot succeed in a nation at war. Billions of dollars of development assistance have been virtually wasted in war-ravaged countries such as Liberia, Somalia, and Sudan.
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