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The World at War

Current Wars

worldwideWar on Drugs 1971 -->
BrazilFavela War1980s-->
Central African RepublicPersistent State Failure1980s-->
China Uighur 1996 -->
Congo (Zaire) Congo War1998-->
India Kashmir 1970s-->
India Naxalite Uprising 1967 -->
Iraq Civil War 2014 -->
Libya Civil War2014
MaliTuaregs / Islamists2012 -->
MexicoDrug War2006 -->
Middle East/
North Africa/
Central Asia
Arab Spring 2010 -->
NigeriaCivil Disturbances 1997 -->
NigeriaBoko Haram 2009 -->
PakistanKarachi Political Violence2007 -->
PakistanPashtun Jihad2001 -->
Russia North Caucasus Insurgency 1992 -->
Somalia Civil War 1991-->
South Sudan Tribal Warfare2009-->
Sudan Darfur1983-->
SyriaSyria Revolution2011
TurkeyKurdistan1984 -->
UkraineRussian Agression 2014 -->
United StatesAfghanistan 1980 -->
United StatesDjibouti2001 -->
Yemen Civil War2011 -->

Other Conflicts

AlgeriaInsurgency 1992 -->
China Senkaku Islands 1968 -->
China South China Sea 1988 -->
Georgia Civil War1991-->
India Assam 1985 -->
Indonesia Papua / West Irian1963-->
Israel Palestine 1967 -->
Ivory CoastCivil War 2002 -->
Korea Korean War1953 -->
Kyrgyzstan Civil Unrest2010 -->
Laos Hmong Insurgency2000 -->
Myanmar Insurgencies1945 -->
Namibia Caprivi Strip 1966-->
PakistanBaluchistan2004 -->
PalestineCivil War2007-->
Peru Shining Path1970s-->
PhilippinesMoro Uprising 1970s-->
ThailandIslamic Rebels2001 -->
United StatesPhilippines 1898 -->
UzbekistanCivil Disturbances2005 -->

"Perpetual peace is no empty idea, but a practical thing which, through its gradual solution, is coming always nearer its final realization..."

The United Nations defines "major wars" as military conflicts inflicting 1,000 battlefield deaths per year. In 1965, there were 10 major wars under way. The new millennium began with much of the world consumed in armed conflict or cultivating an uncertain peace. As of mid-2005, there were eight Major Wars under way [down from 15 at the end of 2003], with as many as two dozen "lesser" conflicts ongoing with varrying degrees of intensity.

Most of these are civil or "intrastate" wars, fueled as much by racial, ethnic, or religious animosities as by ideological fervor. Most victims are civilians, a feature that distinguishes modern conflicts. During World War I, civilians made up fewer than 5 percent of all casualties. Today, 75 percent or more of those killed or wounded in wars are non-combatants.

Africa, to a greater extent than any other continent, is afflicted by war. Africa has been marred by more than 20 major civil wars since 1960. Rwanda, Somalia, Angola, Sudan, Liberia, and Burundi are among those countries that have recently suffered serious armed conflict.

War has caused untold economic and social damage to the countries of Africa. Food production is impossible in conflict areas, and famine often results. Widespread conflict has condemned many of Africa's children to lives of misery and, in certain cases, has threatened the existence of traditional African cultures.

Conflict prevention, mediation, humanitarian intervention and demobilization are among the tools needed to underwrite the success of development assistance programs. Nutrition and education programs, for example, cannot succeed in a nation at war. Billions of dollars of development assistance have been virtually wasted in war-ravaged countries such as Liberia, Somalia, and Sudan.

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