Uniforms, Ranks, and Insignia
The rank structures of the three armed services were similar to those of the respective branches of the United States Armed Forces, although the Thai system had fewer NCO and warrant officer designations. The king, as head of state and constitutional head of the armed forces, personally granted all commissions for members of the officer corps. Appointments to NCO ranks were authorized by the minister of defense. In theory, the authority and responsibilities of officers of various ranks corresponded to those of their American counterparts. However, because of a perennial surplus of senior officers--in 1987 there were some 600 generals and admirals in a total force of about 273,000--Thai staff positions were often held by officers of higher rank than would have been the case in the United States or other Western military establishments.
Thai military personnel were highly conscious of rank distinctions and of the duties, obligations, and benefits they entailed. Relationships among officers of different grades and among officers, NCOs, and the enlisted ranks were governed by military tradition in a society where observance of differences in status was highly formalized. The social distance between officers and NCOs was widened by the fact that officers usually were college or military academy graduates, while most NCOs had not gone beyond secondary school. There was often a wider gap between officers and conscripts, most of whom had had even less formal education, service experience, or specialized training.
Formal honors and symbols of merit occupied an important place in the Thai military tradition, and service personnel received and wore awards and decorations with pride. The government granted numerous awards, and outstanding acts of heroism, courage, and meritorious service received prompt recognition.
As a general policy, the Royal Thai Government - and therefore the Royal Thai Army - does not practice nor adhere to the procedure/tradition of awarding decoration(s)/medal(s) to foreign nationals on reciprocal basis with any foreign government or international organization.
Awarding of the Royal or governmental decoration(s)/medal(s) to foreign nationals shall be based solely on merits and on demonstrated evidence of exceptionally substantial benefits to the Kingdom of Thailand by the distinguished service or action of the individual(s), and shall be bestowed on the individual(s) at the sole discretion of His Majesty the King by the advice and countersignature of the Prime Minister.
Awarding of governmental decoration(s)/medal(s) to Thai nationals - and therefore all Royal Thai Army personnel - by foreign agencies/governments or international organizations must be approved by the Royal Thai Government prior to acceptance by the individual(s) or investiture ceremony.
To build institutional solidarity and esprit de corps, each
Thai service component developed its own distinctive uniforms,
ranking system, and insignia. Many Thai military uniforms
reflected historical foreign influences. For example, most of the
distinctive service uniforms were patterned on those of the
United States, but lower ranking enlisted navy personnel wore
uniforms resembling those of their French counterparts. The early
influence of British advisers to the Thai royal court and the
historical role of the military in royal pomp and ceremony
contributed to the splendor of formal dress uniforms worn by
high-ranking officers and guards of honor for ceremonial
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