Siberian Military District [SibVO]
The Siberian Military District lies in the center of Asiatic Russia, with its headquarters in Novosibirsk. Its ground forces are organized into one corps of four motorized rifle divisions and one artillery regiment.
The Transbaikal Military District is headquartered in Chita. The district comprises three combined arms armies totaling four tank divisions and six motorized rifle divisions. One tank division and one motorized rifle division are headquartered at district training centers that are believed to be directly subordinate to the district headquarters. One artillery division and two machine gun-artillery divisions deployed on the Chinese border also have district training-center status.
The 41st army is one of the youngest formations of the Ground Forces. Before 1998, there was the old Siberian Military District at the location of the present 41st army. Later the old Siberian Military District was merged with the Transbaikalia Military District, and the headquarters of the new Siberian Military District was moved to Chita. At the location of the former headquarters of the old Siberian district in Novosibirsk, the headquarters of the 41st army was established.
From 1 December, 1998, by the President's Decree of the Russian Federation, by the association Of zabaykal'kogo and Siberian military districts was formed and began its vital activity in the new size Siberian military district, the staff of region was located in Chita. Commander-in-chief of forces colonel general Vladimir anatol'evich Boldyrev Anatol'evich region.
SibVO unites in its troops, stationed in the territory of four republics, two it is boundary, six regions, four autonomous areas of the Russian Federation with the population it is more than 22 million people and with total area 5116 thousand square it is meter, which composes 29,96% of entire territory of Russia.
In the zone of the responsibility of region - largest on the geopolitical and economic significance region, thousands of kilometers of state border, the most complex near-boundary regions, the large national-economic and infrastructural objects of West and East Siberia, Transbaykal and north.
The history of Siberian military district (history of those been ZabVO and SibVO) absorbed into itself fates of hundreds of thousands of soldiers from the soldier to the marshal, from the major historically significant personalities to the people, whose names remained out of the chronicle of events.
Transbaikal military district was formed on 17 May, 1935, but it genealogical is much deeper, it departs to zemleprokhodtsam of Siberia and of Far East Stepanu To ermaku and Peter Beketov, Yerofey khabarov and Afanasy pashkov, first military governors of Transbaykal, decembrists.
Specifically, in those given times, it it began, the prehistory, without which it is not possible to understand the historical way of region.
Siberian military district - in the post-revolutionary period was formed on 3 December, 1919; however, order MO RF ? 544 from 26.11.1993 years restored the historical date of its formation - on 6 August, 1865.
They took courage on the earth of Transbaykal and Siberia, sharpened leadership talent Marshal of the Soviet Unions V.K. Blucher, M.N. Tukhachevskiy, L.A. of talks, V. d. Sokolovsky, V.I. Of chuykov, G.K. Zhukov, M.V Zakharov, I.S. Konev, P.K. Of koshevoy, S.K. Of kurkotkin, R.ya. Malinovskiy, BY K. S. moskalenko, SPACECRAFT Rokossovskiy, the Chief marshal of artillery N.N. Voronov, the General of the Army P.A. Of belik, A.P. Beloborodov, P.A. Of kurochkin, D.D. Lelyushenko, I.A. Of pliyev, I.I. Fedyuninskiy, the marshal armored troops IN SEQUENCE Of poluboyarov.
By serious combat tests for the soldier- Siberians and the Transbaikalians after the Civil War of steel: conflict to KVZHD, provoked by Chinese militarists in 1929; combat with the Japanese Samurai in Khasan lake, (1938 g.); rivers Khalkhin-Gol 1939).
Many connections and parts SibVO and ZabVO were directed to these combat areas. They became famous by their courage, high combat training, devotion to the fatherland and to people.
Mass heroism, and devotion to the native land appeared soldier- Siberians in the World War II (1941-1945), than they made the weighty contribution to the victory above Fascist-German Germany.
Siberian connections and parts, participated in the war shooting practically at all fronts and in all battles of the patriotic war: in the defense of Moscow, Leningrad, Stalingrad, in combat on the Kursk salient, in the release of the Ukraine, Belorussia, the Baltic States, deliverance from the fascism of the peoples of East Europe, the taking of Berlin, in the crushing defeat of the Kwantung army of militarist Japan.
In the postwar period Asian- Pacific Ocean region was characterized by dynamicity and unpredictability of the development of military-political situation. As a result of revolution in military science here appeared nuclear weapons, whose potential rapidly increased.
Under these conditions in the east of our country adequate measures for providing of its military security are taken.
SibVO and especially ZabVO they are strengthened, are supplemented by officer personnel, are equipped with new or more contemporary technology, their infrastructure is developed, is improved the operational equipment of possible theater military action.
In 80-90 yr. on the life and activities of region the sharp political adversities of the survived years and crisis phenomena in the country put their imprint.
But also in this critical stage Siberian military district remained stable military structure, and those, who in it served and serve, appeared high human qualities - patriotism, merit, selflessness, skill to surmount difficulty.
Personnel of region took active part in the liquidation of emergency on Chernobyl' AES, worthily it warred in Afghanistan and in the Chechen republic, successfully were accomplished other special tasks.
Today in the region the most complex questions of military reform, military building, combat training and training the troops properly are solved.
The planning tasks of 2002 training years into SibVO are executed, the level of the alert is not reduced, but substantially increased on a number of directions, first of all, in resolution of questions of mobilization readiness, the operational and combat training, the commander training. In this case are in proper time completed the basic, very scale for the region organization and staffing measures of 2001-2002 g.g.
The military parts and the establishments, where by the commanders Colonels Sergey chepusov, Andrey gurulev, Nikolai Fomin, Nikolai lugovykh, Peter brykin, Yuri mokrov, Vladimir Polikarpov, Major General Adym Of khasayev, confidently completed academic year.
In 1974 for the large contribution to the cause of strengthening by the defense of the power of the Soviet State and its armed protection, the successes in the combat and political training ZabVO it was rewarded with the Order of Lenin, and SibVO by the Order of the Red Banner.
Siberian Federal District (SFD)
The Siberian Federal District (SFD) was founded in 2000. It includes 16 regions and covers 30 percent of the country's territory. Over 20 million people (14.3 percent of Russia's population) inhabit the SFD.
Siberia is a vast territory occupying the entire central part of the Russian Federation. The land is characterized by diversified industrial complexes, highly developed science, pristine nature, and tremendous reserves of natural resources. With a population size equaling that of an average European county, Siberia is known for its high educational and intellectual achievements.
The most economically developed Siberian regions include Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk, Novosibirsk, Kemerovo, Tomsk, Omsk and Altai. The largest cities are Novosibirsk (over 1,400,000 inhabitants), Omsk (1,100,000), Krasnoyarsk (875,000), Barnaul (650,000), Tomsk (600,000), Irkutsk (580,000), Novokuznetsk (550,000) and Kemerovo (500,000). The southern part of the SFD is considerably more densely populated.
Siberia produces the bulk of Russia's natural resources, including: 85% of tin, platinum and gas; 80% of coal and molybdenum; 77% of oil; 71% of nickel; 69% of copper; 44% of silver; 40% of gold. Siberia is vast and many of its treasures are still waiting to be explored and effectively extracted. Enormous deposits of iron ore - 20 to 30 billion tons - were recently discovered in Tomsk region. This stock alone can provide enough raw material supplies to operate the expansive metallurgical complex of Kemerovo region. The realization of the first stages of the project only requires USD 200 million, but Evrazholding, a Russian company, already expressed interest in financing the project, as the investments will be paid back in approximately 7 years. Extraction of the ore and construction of the ore mill and corresponding logistics infrastructure may provide broad opportunities to U.S. companies. Oil, coal and gold deposits are often put up for auction where foreign participants are also welcomed.
Siberia is located in the middle of Eurasia, and the great potential to become a transportation bridge between Europe and China, as well other Asian countries. The Trans Siberian Railroad (TransSib) is the main section connecting Russia's west with the Far East. Railroad communication provides fast and cost effective circulation of large volumes of goods via the TransSib's branches extending to most of the Siberian industrial centers. Further logistics optimization and development projects in telecommunications and related services are now being realized along the TransSib, providing opportunities to foreign contractors.
The establishment of multimodal transportation hubs, primarily in the cities of Novosibirsk and Krasnoyarsk, will allow for significant intensification of air cargo transportation, thereby improving the quality of logistics services and boosting Siberia's economic development. "Russian Railroads" also plans to invest approximatly a billion dollars into repairing and developing the infrastructure of the Baikal-Amur Main-line (BAM), the alternative transit line built north of Baikal Lake.
Meridian-oriented Siberian rivers Ob and Yenisei provide access to the Polar Sea ports. Their numerous navigable confluences cover all of Siberia and are actively used in the summer for transporting bulk cargoes and supplies to the northern territories.
All populated southern Siberian territories are covered with a road network that was developed mostly in Kuzbass. The Russian Government is presently developing construction plans for several federal major highways, which will facilitate Siberian road transit and make the distant territories more easily accessible.
There are few international airports in Siberia, but all large cities are included in the national flight system. Airport infrastructure is being developed, too - several years ago the Business Information Service for the Newly Independent States (BISNIS, U.S. Department of Commerce) facilitated the supply of U.S.-made de-icing equipment to Novosibirsk airport Tolmachevo; Irkutsk airport will invest about USD 1.2 million into reconstruction of the building and the territory in the first half of 2005.
In contrast to many U.S. cities, municipal and private public transportation is highly developed in Russian cities - flocks of small buses, along with trolley buses and tramway lines are very typical, but city transportation remains the subject to further improvement. An example of an effectively utilized opportunity is as follows: In 2004 a U.S. company won a tender in Kemerovo for equipping the city's transport fleet with satellite communication systems. It is planned that by 2007 the whole city's transport park will be equipped with such systems.
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