Find a Security Clearance Job!

Military


Soviet Fleet Shipbuilding - Second Five-Year Plan (1933-37)

The leading idea of the naval shipbuilding program during the second Five-Year Plan was the need to build in the first and foremost, submarines, bombers and mine and torpedo aircraft. Forecast of development of submarines and aircraft allowed to conclude that in the near future they will become even more important in military operations at sea. However, the actual level of technical development of submarines and aircraft had not yet provided evidence that they completely replace the surface ships as the main striking force of the fleet. Especially, this was true of submarine capabilities, which were dramatically decreased in size in limited theaters of naval operations, in particular in the Baltic Sea, where conditions favored the organization ASW. To ensure submarine operations surface forces, particularly ASW ships and boats, were necessary. At the same time, in limited size naval theaters in which the value of mines particularly increased, required fleets of large trawlers and surface mine-layers (both large and small).

Naval shipbuilding program for the second five-year plan to some extent take into account all these requirements. It provided for the construction of a number of cruisers, destroyers and smaller warships. As trawlers, ships and boats ASW, the construction of their planned in insufficient quantities, and construction of amphibious ships are not planned at all.

Completion of the Second Five-Year Plan of the technical reconstruction of the entire economy, has ensured that the USSR in the state advanced industry, contributed to the implementation of the naval shipbuilding program. The total tonnage of warships of the Navy during the first two five-year plans has increased significantly. Simultaneously develop naval aviation, coastal defense intensified, expanded system based Navy.

During the second five-year period ther was a dramatic increase in the fleet of naval aviation, in particular the number of heavy bombers and fighters. However, the material part of aviation in the last years of the Second Five-Year Plan was not enough. Moreover, the consistent increase in the importance of aviation (notably defined during the war in Spain) and the complexity of the tasks of the Navy demanded more quantitative growth of the Air Force.

Much was made during the Second Five-Year Plan for the construction of coastal defense, particularly in the Pacific theater. However, the major shortcoming of this construction is relatively little attention to the preparation of the land fronts the defense of naval bases. Continuing development of views on the strategic and operational-tactical use of the Naval Forces of the Red Army during the second half of the 1920s and early 1930s allowed greater certainty to justify the requirements for its construction during the second five-year plan. The plan of development of the Naval Forces of the Red Army at that time was an object - a reliable defense of the borders of the Soviet state on the four main maritime theaters.

The leading idea of the program of military shipbuilding in the second five-year plan was the need to build first and foremost submarines, bombers and torpedo aircraft. Forecast of development of submarines and aircraft allows us to conclude that in the near future they will become even more important in the hostilities at sea. However, the actual level of technical development of submarines and aircraft did not give further reason to believe that they will completely replace surface ships. as the main striking force of the fleet.

This particularly concerned submarines, which drastically reduced the possibility of the restrictions on the size of maritime theaters, in particular the Baltic Sea, where conditions are favorable for the organization ASW. At the same time, the limited size of naval theaters in which the value of mines is particularly increased, it was necessary to have in the fleet a significant number of trawlers and surface mine-layers (both large and small).

The program of military shipbuilding to a second five-year period to some extent took into account all these requirements. She provided for the construction of a number of cruisers, destroyers and smaller warships. As for trawlers, ships and boats ASW, the construction of their planned in insufficient quantities, and the construction of landing craft was not planned at all.

Completion in the Second Five-Year Plan included technical reconstruction of the entire national economy, to ensure the transformation of the USSR into a state of advanced industry, contributed to the implementation of the program of military shipbuilding. The total tonnage of warships of the Navy for the second of the five year plans increased significantly. At the same time naval aviation and coastal defense were intensified.

In the second five-year period has increased dramatically fleet of naval aviation, in particular the number of heavy bombers and fighters. However, the material part of aviation in the last years of the Second Five-Year Plan proved to be no longer sufficient. Besides the consistent increase in the importance Aviation (visibly identified during the war in Spain) and the complexity of the tasks of the Navy demanded more quantitative growth of the Air Force.

Much was done during the Second Five-Year Plan for the construction of coastal defenses, especially in the Pacific theater. However, a significant drawback of this construction is a relatively little attention to the preparation of the land fronts the defense of naval bases.




NEWSLETTER
Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list