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SA-18 GROUSE - Igla 9K38 / Igla-S 9K338
SA-N-10 GROUSE Igla-M

The SA-18 GROUSE (Igla 9K38) is an improved variant in the the SA-7 & SA-14 series of manportable SAMs. As with the earlier SA-14, the SA-18 uses of a similar thermal battery/gas bottle, and the SA-18 has the same 2 kilogram high-explosive warhead fitted with a contact and grazing fuse. But the missile of entirely new design with substantially improved range and speed.

The new seeker and aerodynamic improvements extend its effective range, and its higher speed enables it to be used against faster targets. The SA-18 has a maximum range of 5200 meters and a maximum altitude of 3500 meters. The 9M39 missile SA-18 employs an IR guidance system using proportional convergence logic. The new seeker offers better protection against electro-optical jammers; the probability of kill against an unprotected fighter is estimated at 30-48%, and the use of IRCM jammers only degrades this to 24-30%.

The Igla-M [SA-N-10 ] is the naval version of the SA-18.

The Igla man-portable air defence system is designed to engage visible turbo-jet, turbo-prop and piston engined aircraft, as well as helicopters and remotely piloted vehicles, both approaching and receding, under conditions of natural cluster and manmade IR interferences.

The combat assets include: 9M39 SAM in the launch tube, and 9P516 launching mechanism. The launch tube can mount a night sight and an IFF interrogator. The maintenance assets include mobile and stationary test equipment for checking combat/training missiles in launch tubes, and launching mechanisms. The training assets include training equipment, mock-ups and other assets to help develop firm skills in operating the system.

A new-generation 9K338 Igla-S MANPADS is a follow-on derivative of the Igla MANPADS. It features a new warhead with considerably increased HE charge and number of fragments, laser impact/proximity fuse and new homing (guidance) system, providing higher accuracy and increased (to 6 km) killing range.

The upgraded Igla-S MANPADS has the same weight and size as the predecessor, as well as launch preparation and maintenance procedures. The 9F859 Konus versatile simulator is developed for training Igla-S systems operators. It also includes training means for Igla and Igla-1 system operators. The Igla-S is two-three times superior to the baseline Igla system in terms of combat effectiveness, especially when used against cruise missiles and small-size air targets.

The 9S520 assets are designed to increase Igla MANPADS combat effectiveness by day and night, as well as to ensure fire control of an AD section consisting of 3 - 4 crews.

  • one to three sets of individual target designation assets, comprising the support structure, transmission lines with a reel and cable (50 m), MANPADS-to-support structure joint, 1PN72M night sight and three sets of the PNV 90V-1 night vision goggles
  • 1L110-2 hand-held electronic plotting board with the Arbalet-1U radio set, the TLM-1 unit, fittings, and electric power supply cables
  • a set of satellite navigation system equipment
  • spare parts, tools and accessories set, with back-up power supply source and charger
  • test and monitoring equipment with an SPTA set, and operating manuals

The night launch capability assets ensure:

  • reception of telecoded alerts from control posts - 9S80M(M1), 9S737M, PU-12M (M4, M6, M7, or P-19 type radars of various modifications represented in the single topographic/survey reference system with target coordinates recalculated in relation to positions of Igla operators;
  • presentation of target coordinates, their identification and composition data on the portable electronic plotting board;
  • address transfer of relevant target distribution and designation data on azimuth and range, as well as voice and visual information to Igla operators;
  • search for and acquisition of aerial targets, aiming SAMs at them by day and night, as well as increase of target detection probability and range in daytime.

The 203-OPU Dzhigit ground/vehicle-based MANPADS pedestal launcher is designed to carry two combat-ready Igla-type SAMs allowing one operator to aim and launch one missile after another or two missiles simultaneously against approaching and receding targets in manual and automatic modes.

The launcher complex improves kill probability by up to 1.5 times thanks to the salvo firing of two missiles, and reduced time between one-missile-at-a-time launches. Ergonomically designed launcher provides ease of operator's combat handling procedures.

Additionally, the Dzhigit launcher can be fitted with a night sight and an IFF interrogator using the same frequency band and operating modes as the MkX/MkXII system, as well as with target designation assets. A test vehicle and test-and-monitoring equipment are used to provide functional testing of the launcher and its components and localize malfunctions, as well as to provide maintenance of the launcher.

In January 2006, a delegation of the United States House Armed Services Committee including Representatives Rob Simmons, Jeb Bradley, John Spratt, and Neil Abercrombie were targeted by one of the most sophisticated MANPADS available, a Russian-made SA-18. This attack occurred while traveling from Baghdad to Kuwait in a military C-130 transport aircraft in a lights out (minimal emissions) configuration.

The C-130s onboard countermeasures system was one of the most capable available and deflected the missile and the MANPADS failed. This event is significant for several reasons. First, it involved a high profile target; second, it validated that SA-18s are available to non-state groups; and third, it showed that an existing onboard countermeasures system prevailed over a formidable weapon.



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