Ka-52 HOKUM B / Alligator
The Ka-52 Alligator is a 2-seat version of the Ka-50 which uses a side by side layout common to transport helicopters instead of the front-and-rear layout common in attack helicopters. This changes the helicopter’s aerodynamics somewhat, reducing its maximum speed from 310 km/h to 300 km/h (192 – 186 mph), and increasing fuel consumption slightly. On the other hand, this change is expected to make it easier for the helicopter crew to perform battlefield observation and coordination roles. The extra crewman in the Ka-52 forced some reductions in fuel, armoring, and gun ammunition; it carries 240 rounds for its fuselage-mounted 2A42 30mm cannon, instead of 470 in the Ka-50.
The multi-role all-weather combat Ka-52 "Alligator" helicopter is intended for a wide range of combat tasks in daytime and night conditions, in any time of the year with the use of all destruction means of the Ka-50. This is a commander helicopter of the army aviation aimed at increasing the efficiency of group combat helicopter operations.
Coaxial-type Ka-52 helicopter differs from its predecessor by a wider nose part and twin-seat crew cockpit where the pilot ejection seats are arranged side-by-side. Both pilots have full controls of the helicopter without any limitations. The pilot cockpit is armored. The helicopter can be used as a trainer. High flying qualities of the coaxial helicopter combined with unique manoeuvrability allow the helicopter to perform combat maneuvers within the minimum air area and the shortest time to gain an advantageous attack position.
Numerous weapons options for the helicopter are achieved by arranging a movable high-speed firing gun starboard of the helicopter, and by six available external wing stores with different combination of anti-tank missiles, rockets, "air-to-air" missiles, gun ammunition of a container type and bombs of various caliber. From the point of view of the weapons power the "Alligator" is comparable with the "Black Shark" helicopter and is superior to all existing combat helicopters.
The on-board multifunctional avionics suite ensures round-the-clock helicopter piloting, navigational and combat tasks in anytime of the year. The avionics suite is comprised of a multiplexed, multi-level digital computer-based system having large storage capacity and high speed. Observation, search and targeting systems comprising head-mounted display are used for round-the-clock and all-weather detection of specified targets and their attack using optical, TV, laser, IR and radar equipment.
The Ka-52K is a naval variant that was supposed to operate from the Russian Navy's Mistral-class landing helicopter dock (LHD) vessels. Russia’s Defense Ministry planned to buy 32 shipborne helicopters from Russian Helicopters’ Progress Arsenyev division, a Deputy Defense Minister said 09 October 2013 during a visit to the factory. “These helicopters are to undergo final testing in 2014. If all goes well, we are ready to order them,” Deputy Defense Minister Yury Borisov said during a visit to the producer in Russia’s Far East, without specifying the type in question. Progress Arsenyev will make 143 helicopters by 2020, the deputy minister added. “The work ahead is difficult, since the order really is large. But we expect it to be fulfilled to the highest standards and to deadline,” he said. Progress Arsenyev produces both Kamov Ka-52 military attack helicopters and Ka-62 light civil helicopters. The Russian armed forces have previously said they will deploy the Ka-52 on the new Mistral-class amphibious assault ships.
The first flights by Kamov Ka-52K attack helicopters for the Mistral class amphibious assault ships was to take place in 2015, Alexander Mikheev, the head of Russian Helicopters company, told RIA Novosti 02 December 2014. "The helicopters of this type [Ka-52K] will be located on Mistral-class helicopter carriers, which France is obliged to deliver to Russia. The first helicopters are already constructed. The first trial flights of Ka-52K helicopters will take place in the beginning of 2015," Mikheev said.
Aviation Company "Progress" (Arsenyev, is a holding company "Russian Helicopters") is to supply the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation in 2015 a total of 16 multi-purpose attack helicopter Ka-52. This was announced on 23 March 2015 by Deputy Defense Minister Yuri Borisov. "This year, according to plan, we get 16 Ka-52 helicopters. They are already in the shops. From April to begin handing over their military acceptance and delivery to the troops," - said on his visit to the factory "Progress" Borisov.
He noted that the Defense Ministry building work with factories so that ordered products was in the army for a year rhythmically and not "dumped at the end of the year - in November and December." To do this, realized quarterly schedule delivery of helicopters.
In turn, the managing director of "Progress" Yury Denisenko Deputy Minister assured that all obligations to the Defense Ministry, "will certainly be fulfilled." He said that a long-term contract with the Defense Ministry envisages the supply of Russian Air Force until 2020, 146 Ka-52 helicopters.
Also, according to Borisov, holding "Russian Helicopters" developing naval version of the Ka-52 - Ka-52K, the Russian Defense Ministry is interested in the success of this development work. "First, have built their amphibious ships and a helicopter, the Ka-52K will be claimed by the ships of our surface fleet. So to bind the development work on the helicopter with the delivery or non-delivery" Mistral "would be wrong" - said Borisov, answering the question, whether the ship will find Ka-52K application in the Russian Navy, if the French helicopter will not be delivered.
According to him, the Ka-52K - much needed helicopter. "And we are going to look for deadlines development activities," - said the deputy minister. He noted that the operating conditions of the sea helicopters differ significantly from the ground, so it took further improvements in terms of materials and components.
Russia's Kamov Ka-52K (Hokum B) helicopters developed for use on the French-made Mistral-class helicopter carriers will be put to work in the Russian Navy, despite a failure by Paris to honor the contract, the general designer of "Ka" helicopters said 25 May 2015. "This circumstance [contract on Mistral ships delivery] wittingly or unwittingly led to the fact that the Russian Navy obtained another special purpose helicopter, which will find its remarkable place," Sergei Mikheev told RIA Novosti. Mikheev added that the Navy did not mind re-purposing the helicopters, as they can be used on any Russian Navy vessel.
Russia struck a deal with Egypt to deliver 46 Kamov Ka-52K navalized attack helicopters, the director-general of the state-run Russian Helicopters aircraft maker said on 30 December 2015. Ka-52Ks were designed for French-made Mistral helicopter carriers that were to join the Russian Navy last year, before France cancelled the deal over Ukraine. The warships are now being bought by Cairo.
At the end of 2015 - beginning of 2016. Russia deployed at an airbase Hmeymim (province of Latakia, Syria), several helicopters Ka-52 and Mi-28N. Presumably, they are equipped with the same set of weapons, which consists of a 30-mm 2A42 automatic gun, NAR C-8OFP and guided missiles "Attack" in two types.
Russian combat helicopters Ka-52 underwent a baptism of fire in Syria, Tass source in the military-industrial complex said 08 April 2016. "Along with the Mi-28N and Ka-52 also was first used in combat it is in Syria. The first use of the Mi-28N was held at the end of March 2016, in the battle for Palmyra, while Ka-52 was first activated at the beginning of April Homs district of the city, "- said the source. He noted that the Ka-52 helicopter was used to destroy terrorist groups using both unmanaged and high-precision weapons.
"Ka-52 was equipped with two versions of missiles" Attack "with anti-cumulative (9M120) and an anti-high-explosive fragmentation (9M120F) warheads. Due to the fact that in the area of ??application of the helicopter were found armored terrorists, shots were fired guided missiles 9M120F and unguided missiles (NAR) C-8OFP caliber 80 mm, "- said the source. He also stressed that the missile 9M120F proved very accurate weapons, destroying one hit with a group of terrorists in a small shelter. Not typical accuracy for a given class of munitions and missiles also demonstrated the caliber of 80 mm NAR C-8OFP.
According to a source in the defense industry, the Ka-52 deployed in Syria are equipped with on-board defense complex (GER) "On the President", which allowed to successfully suppress air defenses terrorists, consisting of the older man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS).
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