Government Arsenal (GA)
The Government Arsenal (GA) is located on a 370-hectare defense industrial estate in Lamao, Limay, Province of Bataan, about 120 km from Manila by land, 70 km from Subic and 90 km from Clark. Just three km from the Port of Limay, the Arsenal is strategically situated near the Petron Bataan Refinery, the Bataan Combined Cycle Power Plant, the National Power Corporation Plant, the Petro-Chemical Complex, and the Special Economic Zone at Mariveles, Bataan. To sustain its operations, the GA presently maintains and operates 124 buildings and structures sprawled over 70 hectares of land.
On August 15, 1971, or fourteen (14) years after the enactment of RA 1884, the first SAA cartridge rolled out of the GA's production assembly line. Three years later, the integrated SAA manufacture began, with all the components - case, primer, propellant powder, and bullet assembled into a complete cartridge - manufactured in the arsenal.
As a strategic resource, the arsenal is envisioned to be a center for defense industries to meet domestic requirements and supply the world market. In line with this vision, the GA explored in the early 1980's, the possibility of exporting excess production, improving ammunition technology and expanding the capability for weapons production as called for in its charter. However, the impediments under the then existing laws prevented any real progress in this direction.
It is fortuitous that on February 23, 1995, Republic Act 7898, otherwise known as the AFP Modernization Act, was enacted. RA 7898 likewise provides for the modernization of the Government Arsenal for the development of production capabilities to enhance self-sufficiency in defense requirements. Specifically, Section 12 of this Act mandates that "the government arsenal shall be utilized in the production of basic weapons, ammunition and other munitions for the use of the AFP and the Philippine National Police (PNP), and for the sale and export of products in excess of AFP/PNP requirements." Furthermore, the GA is authorized to use such production facilities as it may own or be provided under the law or as it may arrange under joint venture, co-production or similar arrangements with local and foreign entities.
The present manufacturing capability of the GA is inherent in its two existing lines - the GATLO or RIFLE line and the GAPAT-GABIN or PISTOL Line – which originally make possible the integrated production of three (3) caliber types – Cal .30M2, Cal .30M1 and Cal .45 M1911 cases, bullets, primers and propellant powders for final assembly into finished ammunition. Product Lines. Soon it was diversified into four (4) other types of ammunition, namely: 7.62mm M80, 5.56mm M193, Cal .38 Special, and 9mm Parabellum. Presently, only four (4) types are being produced, the 7.62mm M80, 5.56mm M193, Cal .45 M1911, and 9mm Parabellum ammunition which are ascertained, prior to delivery, to be safe, reliable and accurate in conformity to U.S. Military Standards.
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