Air Force Reserve Command
Air Reserve Division
The mission of the Air Force Reserve Command is to keep track of reservists and to manage their mobilization for training and military operations. The AFRC also manages the Philippines' ROTC program.
The Air Reserve Command traces its lineage to the formation of the Air Reserve Division and the events that led to its creation. Under the command and control of this Division were the Citizen Military Training Unit and the Home Defense Unit. The CMTU trained the ROTC Cadets, while the HDU handled the PAF Reservists.
The CMTU had its early beginnings in 1949, after the Philippine Air Force was made one of the Major Services of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, effective 1 May 1949 pursuant to General Orders Number 163, dated 27 April 1949. The unit was established on 1 May 1949 pursuant to General Orders Number 6, dated 16 May 49. The unit was designated as the Reservist Officer Training Corps. The same Order likewise established the first PAF ROTC Unit, originally stationed at what was then Far Eastern Aviation Technical Institute, under the administrative and operation control of the Nichols Air Base Commander.
In March 1964, the unit was redesignated Air Force Reserve Training Center and PMT unit. In 1973, it was again renamed as the Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps and Citizen Army Training units.
In 1977, Headquarters Philippine Air Force issued a Letter Directive dated 20 Sept 77 to the effect that Commander, Reserve Airlift and Tactical Support Group was charged with the administration and supervision of the activities of the Aerospace Cadets of the Philippines. The Reserve Airlift and Tactical Support Group Staff immediately prepared a Program of Instruction with additional subjects in line with the aviation. The Department of Education and Culture. DECS approved the POI and issued a Department Order on 28 December 1977 establishing the ACP program as a substitute for YDT and CAT requirements.
Pursuant to General Orders Number 291, Headquarters, Philippine Air Force, dated 13 Nov 1979, Headquarters, Home Defense Unit was created and activated with a provisional status on 1 December 1979. On this same date the Air Force Reserve Division was activated.
A reorganization took place on 24 June 1980, when the HDU unit took on a new name: the Citizen Military Training Unit (CMTU). This unit was under the direct control and supervision of the Air Reserve Division. On the same date, 2 other units were created and placed under Air Reserve Division's control and supervision. These were the Reservist Training Center and Civilian Military Training Center.
On 1 May 1982, pursuant to General Orders Number 195, Headquarters, Philippine Air Force, Home Defense Centers were also redesignated Civil Military Operation Centers. On 1 May 1982, the Reserve Airlift and Tactical Support Group was made a part of Air Reserve Division and redesignated as the Reserve Airlift Support Unit.
On 1 October 1986 pursuant to General Orders Number 227, Headquarters, Philippine Air Force, dated 2 October 1986, Headquarters Civil Military Operation Unit (Provisional) was redesignated as the Manpower Reserve Affairs Unit and all 7 Civil Military Operation Centers were also redesignated as Manpower Reserve Affair Centers.
On 1 October 1986, Air Reserve Division was redesignated as the Air Force Reserve Command and all units under AFRC were upgraded to a group level in 1989. The unit was based at Villamor Air Base, Pasay City.
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