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ENGLISH-PASHTO

Administration:

 
 

administrative units:

see: tehsil, moza

Advantage:

faïda

Agriculturalist:

zamindar

Agriculture:

zamindari

 

dry agric.:

khuskawa, barani

 

flood agric.:

saïlab, neiz

 

irrig. agric.:

abi, zindeï

 

agric. worker:

mazduur; lavian (for harvest of wheat)

Alms:

sarsaya (for ramazan); niyaz

Ancestor:

plar-u-nika

Anthrax:

duk

Apple:

seeb

Aunt (=mother's/father's sister):

tror

Autumn:

muneï

Baluch (people):

balusan

Bandit:

ghal

Barley:

jow

Barter:

adab-badal

Beggar:

fakir

Benefit:

faïda

Betrothal:

kozda

Blacksmith:

ustakar (pl. ustakaran)

Blood:

vine

 

blood money:

khuni baha (=murder payment)

Boy

 
 

below 7 years:

kushneï halak

 

from 7 to 15 years:

halak

 

over 15 years:

zwan

Brahui:

beravi

Bride:

nawako

Brideprice:

walwar

Brother:

vror

Bullock:

ghwayeï

Butter:

kuchi

Camel:

 
 

male:

ush

 

female:

usha

Camp (pastoral):

kishdeï

 

camp leader:

kishdeï masher

 

camp territory:

kishdeï-nu wale yilaka

Carpet:

kambala (traditional)

Castrate:

minda (animals)

Cattle: maldaÞ

 

Channel:

viala

 

karez channel:

karez wiala

Charity:

ghaïrat

Cheese:

korot

Chief:

 
 

village chief:

masher

 

confederacy ch.nawab

 
 

tribal chief:

sardar

 

lineage chief:

malik; khan

 

household chief:

mashar

Cistern:

hawd

Code:

 
 

Pashtun social code:

pashtunwaali

Coin:

païsa

Client:

hamsaya

Cold

 
 

cold wheather:

yakh mowsum

Confederacy:

kom

Corral:

ker (for animals)

Cotton:

pomba

Council:

jerga

Cousin

 
 

father's brother's son:

tarbur

 

mother's brother's son:

mama zoyi

Cow:

ghwa

Co-wife:

b_na

Crate:

kret (for agricultural products)

Cultivate:

 
 

cultivated land:

karana mzakka

 

cultivation:

kisht

Custom:

rawaaj

Dam:

band

Dates:

khurma

Daughter

lur

Debt:

karz

 

who is in debt:

karzdar

Destitute:

malang

Distance:

fasila

 

unit of dist. (=mile):

mil

Distribution

 
 

d. of land:

bandubast; vesh

Division

 
 

d. of shares (tenancy):

bataï

Divorce:

talak

Drought:

khusk saali (=dry year)

Elder:

masher (pl. mashraan); spin jire (=white beard)

Enbankment:

band; let

Enclosure:

ker (fror animals)

Estime:

miranaa

Exchange:

badal

Fallow:

nabud

Family:

khandan

Famine:

kahkti

Fertilizer:

kat

Fields:

keteï

Fish:

mayan

Fishing:

mayanu shikar (=fish hunting)

Flock:

kandak (sheep); taway (goats)

 

communal flock:

shakannak

 

small flock of sheep:

ghelaï

 

flock of young lambs:

wula (sheep); barker (goats)

Flood:

neiz

 

flood agriculture:

saïlab, neiz

Fodder:

washa

 

non-cultivated: manguleï

 

Foliage:

pâÞi

Funeral:

gh_m

Garden:

bagh

Girl

 
 

below 7 years:

kushneï injileï

 

from 7 to 15 yrs. injileï

 
 

over 15 yrs.:

peÞla

Gift:

tofa

Generosity:

sakhawat

 

generous:

sakhi

Grief:

gham

Goat:

b_za

Government:

sarkari

 

government-owned land:

hokumat

Granary:

ambar khana

Grand-father:

nik_

Grand-mother:

niya; anna

Grape:

angur

Grass:

morgha

Graze:

piaye

 

grazing lands:

shamilat; sara mzakka

 

protected graz. lands:

pargoor

Group work:

ashar

Guest:

melma

 

guesthouse:

melman khana (=guest room); baïtak

Hail:

jakei

Half:

nima

Handicrafts:

kashida kari (=crafts work)

Harvest:

lau

 

autumn harvest:

sauzbar

 

spring harvest:

khushkbar

Herd:

meal

cow-herd:

ghoba

Herder:

shpun

Herding: herding contract:

lauzaghai

Honor:

nang; tura (=sword); ghaïrat (pers.); izzat

 

man of honor, honorable:

ghaïratmand

 

who has lost his honor:

begherat

Hospitality:

melma-stiya; shaïgara; melma-palana

Hot

 
 

hot weather:

garam mosum

House:

koor; khana

Household:

koor wale

 

household members:

koor-naï; koor khalq

Hunter:

shikari

Hunting:

shikar

Hut

 
 

for keeping animals in winter:

mandaw

Indigent:

malang

Irrigation:

 
 

irrigated agriculture:

abi, zindeï

Kin:

aziiz

Kinship:

aziizgalwi

Labour:

kaar

 

wage labour:

mazduur kaar

 

collective labour:

ashar

 

forced labour:

begar

Lack:

kahkti (=scarcity)

Land:

mzakka

 

irrigated land:

abi mzakka

 

distributed land:

pam_nda

 

non-distrib. land:

shamilat

 

cultivated land:

karana mzakka

 

grazing land:

sara mzakka

 

state/government land:

hokumat

 

privately-owned land:

malkiat

 

land owner:

badar; khan

 

l. given to a tenant:

bogareï

 

tribal land:

mires

Law:

kanun

 

modern law:

sarkari kanun

 

customary law:

pushtunwali (=way of living of the Pashtun)

Leaf:

pâÞi

Lineage:

zaï

 

lineage by marriage:

nasab

 

matrilineage:

mama ganaï

Livestock:

maal

livestock keeper:

maaldar

Loan:

poÞ

 

who received a loan:

poÞrawar

Lucerne:

spishti

Maize:

juwari

Man:

saraï

Manure:

ambar; s_ra

Marriage:

waada

Market:

markit

Matrilineage:

mama-gani

Meat:

ghwasha

Measures:

 
 

traditional measure:

see: man, seer, paw, tchetank, goneï, kret, farlang

Melon:

 

 

watermelon:

indwana

 

sweet melon:

garma; sarda; khatakaï

Mendicant:

fakir

Milk:

shudeï

 

sour milk:

shalumbe

 

to milk:

loshal

Mother:

mor

 

grand-mother:

niya; anna

 

matrilineage:

mama-gani

Mourning:

gham

Murder:

khuni

 

murder payment:

khuni baha (blood money)

Musicians (tradit.):

dol-zan (=drum beat)

Nomads:

pawondean; kochean, musafir

Onion:

peaz

Orchard:

drakht bagh (=tree garden)

Palm:

jiga drakhta (=tall tree)

Parasitism:

warkhare

Pashtun:

Pashtun

 

pashtun language:

pashto

 

pashtun way of living:

pashtunwali

Pastoralists:

kochean; pawondean ( =nomads)

Patrilineage:

zaï'

Peace:

rogha

Peak (mountain):

sar

 

big peak:

loe sar

 

little peak:

kuchnai sar

People:

khalq

Place:

mahal

Plain:

dasht

Poor:

gharib

 

very poor:

malang

Potato:

patata

Potter:

kolal

Poverty:

gharibi

Price:

kamat

Production:

pedawar

Profit:

faïda

Protection:

nang

 

protected grazing areas:

pargoor

Quarters:

 
 

summer quarters:

yakh yilaka

 

winter quarters:

germ yilaka

Rain:

baran

Reciprocity:

badal

Relatives

 
 

close relatives:

khp_l wuli (for preferred marriage)

Rent

 
 

for land:

ijara

 

for house:

k_raya

Reservoir:

hawd

Respect:

miranaa

Revenge:

badal

Rich:

moor

Rights:

ak

 

ownership rights:

malikana ak

 

usufructuary rights:

bazgaar ak

River:

rood

Robber:

ghal

Room:

khana

Sack:

goneï

Sadness:

gham

Sand:

reïk

 

sandy soils:

regana mzakka

Seclusion:

parda

Seed:

turkhum

Settlement:

bandubast

Shares (of karez water):

shabanaroz (24 hrs.);

 

nimakaye (12 hrs.);

 

mazigar (3 hrs.)

Shearing:

wareï

Sheep:

meja

Shepherd:

shpana

Shop:

dukan

shop-keeper:

dukandar

Sister:

khur

Snow:

wawra

Son:

zoyi

Solidarity:

mokam

Sorghum:

jawar

Spring (season):

psarieï

Spring (water):

chine

Stream:

chine

Summer:

doobeï

 

summer quarters:

yakh yilaka

Surface

 
 

unit of surface (=acre):

ekar

Tailor:

darzi

Tall:

kg

Tenant:

bazgaar; dekan

 

t. who provide seeds:

kishtgar

Tent:

kishdaï

Territory:

yilaka

Thief:

ghal

Torrent:

lore; (small torrent= shela)

Traditions:

rawaaj

Tree:

drakhta

Tribe:

khel

 

tribal terr:

khel yilaka, miras

Tubewell:

tubwel; bahureï

Valley:

dasht

Vengeance:

badal

Village:

kale') (pi. kili)

Uncle: (=father's brother):

aka

mother's brother:

mama

War:

jang

Water:

oba

 

water spring:

chine oba

 

water channel:

viala

 

stagnant water:

dab

 

w. supervisor (karez):

mirau

 

perennial water:

pakhe oba

Wealthy:

moor

Wedding:

wade

Weight

 
 

unit of weight (=0.933kg.):

seer

Well:

kuweï

Wheat:

ghanam

 

winter wheat:

saÞa ghanam

 

summer wheat:

tauda ghanam

Wheather:

mosum

 

cold weather:

yakh mosum

 

warm wheather:

garam mosum

Wife:

maïna

 

co-wife:

b_na

Winter:

yakh

 

winter quarters:

garam yilaka (=warm areas)

Wolf:

lewa

Woman:

sheza; zan

Wool:

waÞeï

Work:

kaar

 

wage work:

mazduur kaar

Worker:

kaarindar

Youth:

zuwan



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