Grand National Alliance (GNA)
The Grand National Alliance (GNA) was formed in August 2002 largely by the direction of the regime of Pervez Musharraf. It was an alliance of various pro-regime parties, primarily the Pakistan Muslim League (Quiad-e-Azam) (PML (Q)), along with various smaller parties. The party was formed in order to protect against the resurgance of the Pakistan People's Party, one of two major anti-regime political forces. The context of its formation was similar to that of the Islami Jamhoori Ittehad, also organized to opposed the PPP largely at the instruction of the regime at the time.
The government-backed Grand National Alliance (GNA) had a number of senior politicians among its members, including former President and Millat Party leader Farooq Leghari, North West Frontier Province-based Aftab Sherpao, and Sindh-based Mumtaz Bhutto. Farooq Leghari's name has also been floated for the Prime Minister's post. This was a product of the GNA's combining of the PML (Q) with the Millat Party and the National Alliance Party, along with smaller regional parties.
Of the members of the Grand National Alliance, only the PML (Q) did well in the 2002 elections. The legitimacy of the 2002 was challanged by various other parties, who saw the PML (Q)'s victory as clear evidence of government intervention in the democratic process. The GNA did not last to stand in elections in 2008, with neither the Millat or National Alliance parties participating.
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