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Karachi Cantonment

The Karachi Cantonment is a cantonment town of the city of Karachi, in Sindh, Pakistan. It serves as a military base and residential establishment. It was established by the British Indian Army in 19th century British India, and taken over by the Pakistan Army in 1947. The cantonment maintains its own infrastructure of water supply, electricity and is outside the jurisdiction of City District Government of Karachi.

There are six military cantonments administered by the Pakistan Army which do not form part of the City of Karachi. These cantonment have a very little population but covers a very large area (about 40% of the total area of Karachi) & most expensive land of Karachi. The City-District Government [CDGK] claims to possess administrative powers for 34 percent of the land in the city, while the remaining land is under the administrative jurisdictions of the cantonment boards, including Faisal Cantonment Board, Karachi Cantonment Board, the Pakistan Navy, Station Headquarters, Malir Cantonment Board, Civil Aviation Authority, Karachi Water and Sewerage Board, Clifton Cantonment Board and Defense Housing Authority.

"The transfer of one portion of Karachi's National Stadium to the Karachi Cantonment Board is a prime example of military land-grabbing. The Corps Commander Mangla, Lt. General Tauqeer Zia, who was also the Chairman of the Pakistan Cricket Control Board (PCCB), was responsible for transferring the said land during his tenure as head of the PCCB. The financial dividends were superb. A minimum investment of 600,000 rupees netted a profit of about 15 million in a quick 60 to 90 days. Such manipulative capacity is only available to the most influential institutions or individuals in the country."

The City of Karachi Municipal Act was promulgated in 1933. Initially the Municipal Corporation comprised the mayor, the deputy mayor and 57 councillors. The Karachi Municipal Corporation was changed to a Metropolitan Corporation in 1976. The administrative area of Karachi was a second-level subdivision known as Karachi Division, which was subdivided into five districts: Karachi Central, Karachi East, Karachi South, Karachi West and Malir. In 2000, the national government implemented a new devolution plan which abolished the second-tier divisions and merged the five districts of Karachi into a new City District, structured as a three-tiered federation, with the two lower tiers composed of 18 towns and 178 union councils (UC). The towns are governed by elected municipal administrations responsible for infrastructure and spatial planning, development facilitation, and municipal services (water, sanitation, solid waste, repairing roads, parks, street lights, and traffic engineering), with some functions being retained by the City-District Government (CDG).

The biggest and busiest railway station of Karachi, Karachi Cantt is also located here. Karachi is linked by rail to the rest of the country by Pakistan Railways. The Karachi City Station and Karachi Cantonment Station are the city's two major railway stations.

Karachi, city in southern Pakistan, capital of Sindh Province, on the Arabian Sea, at the northwestern edge of the Indus River delta. The hub of a sprawling metropolitan area, Karachi is the nation's largest city and world's fourth most populated city, spread over, 530 square kilometers. Residents and those born in the city are called "Karachiites". Karachi continues to be an important financial and industrial centre for the country and handles most of the overseas trade of Pakistan and the central Asian countries. The Muhammad Ali Jinnah International Airport is the largest and busiest airport of the country. It handles 10 million passengers a year. Karachi was the capital of newly independent Pakistan from 1947 until 1959, when it was replaced by the provisional capital of Rawalpindi (Islamabad became Pakistan's permanent capital in 1967.)

Located on the coast, Karachi tends to have a relatively mild climate with low levels of average precipitation, the bulk of which occurs during the July-August monsoon season. Winters are mild and the summers are hot, Due to high temperatures during the summer (April to August), the winter months (November to February) are generally considered the best times to visit Karachi. July, December and January have pleasing and cloudy weather when most of the social events take place.

On August 25, 2007 the Senate Standing Committee on Defence and Defence Production directed the Defence Housing Authority and the Karachi Cantonment Board to immediately halt unauthorized land development. The responsible authorities in DHA and KCB have been instructed to stop land development projects which have not been approved by the department responsible. Senator Nisar Memon chaired the committee meeting held Friday in the Parliament House to discuss DHA and KCB matters. The committee further directed DHA and KCB to report their income and expenditure in the next meeting or get ready to face strict action. The committee made it clear that no negligence would be tolerated in delays in addressing peoples' problems. During the meeting, DHA and KCB were also directed to consult with the metrological department and atomic experts and then devise a future plan. The committee was told that pipelines with a capacity for 50 to 60 millimeters were laid down to drain water because last year's rain was recorded at 100 mm. It was informed that during the last 24 hours, 200 millimeters of rain was reported in Karachi and this caused problems. So far 25 percent of the problems faced by citizens have been solved because of steps taken in 2006. The committee further directed to be briefed about the 'Master Plan' devised for the removal of accumulated water. Every department is to submit a monthly report before the committee.



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