Military


Chhor Cantonment

The Chhor Cantonment was built in the late 1990s by COAS Mirza Aslam Beg. In March 2008 Corps Commander Lieutenant General Ahsan Azhar Hyat performed groundbreaking of soldiers' accommodation at Chhor Cantonment as part of the "Year of Soldiers" Program, a welfare plan announced by the Chief of Army Staff General Ashfaq Pervaiz Kayani.

On the right side of the road heading towards Khokhrapar is new Chhor [Punjabi for "Release"]. Civilian vehicles are not allowed within the cantonment area without permission. The road towards Khokhrapar is manned by the Pakistan Rangers. Understandably, security is strict as international border is not too far away, ie only eight kilometres off.

The Chhor Cantonment controls the water canals here. They have bought acres and acres of desert which have been leased out now. They even sell water at night and monitor all the canal water distribution. After Pakistan threw the Indians out in 1972, the Army decided to bring water here. It was the Army that put across a water pipeline from Mirpurkhas till this point and all this development in Chor has been done by the Army. No one stopped several governments from doing so. The Magsis, the Thakurs and the Syeds own land here. It is easy to see that there is heart burning here as the locals view the greenery of Chhor. They fail to realise that so many governments in Karachi have always ignored them. The big problem of Samaro Town is its economic condition as this town totally depends upon the agriculture and agriculture depends upon water when there is scarcity of water or there is flood the agriculture is damaged and very next the economy of the town gets shattered. The topic of the Kalabagh dam is never far away.

There are no other negative points of the cantt being there. Due to this cantonment the economy of Umerkot and the surrounding are is activated as army personnel buy from there, hence the economy is strengthened. The other point is that the law and order situation of the area does not get deteriorated as sometimes the army officers also help the local administration in pursuing the law and order situation and due to this cantonement the people of the area feel at home.

The new double gauge rail track goes around New Chhor. The renovation of the Khokhrapar railway station was abandoned half way after the government's decision to build a new railway station at Zero Point, bordering India. The government attached prime importance to the station at Zero Point. The decision on this was taken at the eleventh hour owing to security reasons. Construction work began on 19 January 2006 in the desert area. A citizen who wants to travel up to Khokhrapar or Zero Point has to seek permission from law-enforcement officials from the Chhor Cantonment, 52 kilometres or so from Khokhrapar. A road network exists from Chhor to Jhalu Jo Chunro and from there travel up to Khokhrapar or Zero Point is cumbersome.

Keeping in view the importance of Desert Warfare training, it was decided by General Headquarters in 1980 to establish Army Desert Warfare School at Chhor in two stages. In first stage the school started functioning as Desert Warfare Wing of Divisional Battle School since 14 February 1980. In second stage the institution was upgraded to Army Desert Warfare School on 13 September 1987.

Army Desert Warfare School located at Chhor is 165 km from Hyderabad, a major city of Sindh Province, which is 185 kms from Karachi connected with the country by road/rail and air. Chhor is approachable by road/rail from Hyderabad via Mirpur Khas - Umerkot road/rail track. Umerkot is 20 kms from Chhor and is the last major town in the area with international telephone/telegraph facility and other amenities of daily life. The climatic conditions in the area vary from hot to cold and temperatures register daily and seasonal variations.

Army Desert Warfare School plays a vital role in providing specialized training to Pakistan Army in general and desert formations in particular. The School with in its administrative and training expectancy is running the courses in quest to achieve desired standards. The training being imparted at this institution is objective and practical oriented.Army Desert Warfare School plays a vital role in providing specialized training to Pakistan Army in general and desert formations in particular. The School with in its administrative and training expectancy is running the courses in quest to achieve desired standards. The training being imparted at this institution is objective and practical oriented.

Mithi 24" 44' north latitude and 69" 51' east longitude. the head quarters of the district and taluka of that name, It possessed a Municipality, but it was abolished in 1905, It now contains a DC office. Mukhtiarkar office, Police station dispensary, Vernacular school. a Girls's school, a Post office and Musafirkhana, Embroidery work is done at Mithi, The nearest railway station is Chhor 53 kilometers distant, There are the ruins of two forts belonging to the periods at the beginning of last century when the Talpurs were bringing Thar and Parkar under their dominion, The principal one to the south of the village is the site of a sarai. It used to contain nine guns, The other is to the west of the village on a slight elevation.

Bangladeshi and Burmese women are being kidnapped, married off to agents by unsuspecting parents, trafficked under false pretenses, or enticed by prospects of a better life, into brothels in Pakistan. Border police and other law enforcement agencies are well aware of the trafficking through entry points into Pakistan like Lahore, Kasur, Bahawalpur, Chhor and Badin. (Sindh police report in 1993, "Rights-South Asia: Slavery Still A Thriving Trade," IPS, 29 December 1997)

The Western Front in 1971 War has not received the due attention that it deserved from the point of view of lessons learnt and generalship in action. The obvious reasons for this reason lie in the fact that the East Pakistan crisis was the focus of attention. The Indians decided to call off all offensive operations of 12 Division against Rahimyar Khan and transferred one of the three brigades of 12 Division to Kutch Sector on the 12th December for the planned attack on New Chhor. The Pakistani GHQ was perturbed by the failure of 18 Division and was forced to break up their strategic reserve infantry division sending one brigade to Chhor on 7th December. Indian 11 Division was assigned the task of capturing New Chhor, held by a Pakistani brigade. The Indians actually withdrew in the face of aggressive patrolling. There is a Nicholson Memorial at Taxila but no memorial in Chhor for Pakistan Army soldiers who saved Sindh in 1971.



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