Infantería de Marina
The marines are responsible for port security and protection of the ten-kilometer coastal fringe. In addition to having light arms, the marines are equipped with eight 105mm towed howitzers, 60mm and 81mm mortars, and 106mm recoilless rifles, as well as Pegaso VAP-3550 amphibious vehicles.
The mission of the Navy of Mexico, is to employ the naval power of the federation for external defense and assist in internal security of the country and that within its remit is to exercise the authority to ensure compliance with the constitutional order Mexican marine zones as well as engaging in activities to protect human life at sea and help the public and areas where disaster or emergency. The Navy of Mexico in the exercise of its powers in the territorial sea, exclusive economic zone, coastal islands, cays, reefs and sockets, including the airspace above, helps to preserve the rule of law and the protection of the interests national. In the fulfillment of these functions naval operations are carried out with ships, aircraft and Marine Corps units, which are conducted through the naval command of the Regions, Zones and shipbuilding to provide protection to the areas and country's strategic installations, combat drug trafficking, human smuggling and arms trafficking to maritime security, rescue and rescue of human life at sea.
The Principal Official of the Navy, and the Commands of Regions, Zones and Sectors of the Navy Naval Mexico, will implement actions to cover staff structure and functional forms for each battalion, the General Staff of the Navy will review and adopt, and the Principal Official Marine cited validate and record form. The establishment, operation and maintenance of each Marine battalion will be carried out with the resources of the Navy Department authorized the expenditure budget for 2007 and subject to funds available in the same. Marine Corps mission is to implement actions and services needed in order to work efficiently, in the sphere of competence, to realize mission and responsibilities of the Secretary of Navy Navy of Mexico and to ensure internal security and external defence of the country, by amphibious, horizontal and vertical, surveillance operations, from patulla and other.
How as it has been organized this corps, has its beginnings in the dawn of the 19th century, which declared independence in 1821, formed the first units of this type. The independent Mexico between 1821 and 1822, was created in the Secretariat of the Admiralty, headed by Don Agustín de Iturbide, assigning it first units of the army, subsequently complying with a regiment composed of four battalions, two of them to the requirements of the Marina, San Blas and Veracruz.
October 16, 1823, settled foreign military divisions, battalions and companies of the artillery of infantry marine. General Don José Joaquín de Herrera, Second Secretary of war and Navy, the Government of the already independent Mexico, surrendered to the Mexican Congress first at its public meeting of November 13, 1823, the report on his branch, and in so far as the marine infantry Corps, said: "Our small squad is garrisoned by now with infantry that covers Veracruz and their costs, but as this measure has been dictated by the need, and complicate the economic branches of the bodies, and to make this service the fatigues and risks of sea soldiers, the Government believes necessary battalions organization aimed at him, whose strength should be increased in proportion which are objectives that are set." Uniformity in the army claims that not distinguish the infantry, bases its settlement nor its pleasures, which will be greater when making service on board. The number of squares it may designate which must have practical knowledge of artillery who ejercitarán exclusively and with the most scrupulous attention management. "Therefore have sent form battalions and squadrons of the old divisions of costs and projected fortification points easier access; provisions which together with the unhealthy climate by that part, and that is the sepulchre of Europeans, persuade to believe quite guaranteed security, since our coast, the national territory".
The Marine Corps, taking historical support its participation in various theatres of war to defend our sovereignty and our national independence, sets its legal as a body of war creation on 12 February 1924. On February 7, 1952, the marine infantry Corps, again was considered as a major force in our army, so Bachelor Raúl López Sánchez, to assume the post of Secretary of the Navy, again structured it with the designation of "Naval infantry". From 1957 established career marine, for the training of officers in the heroic naval military Academy, owing to the need for training of official tables for units. He graduated the first generation of official in January 1960, integrating 22 formalin marine infantry, having graduated to date 29 generations. The hierarchies which were previously similar to the army designation was changed in the 1970s, uniting them with names corresponding to the Mexican Navy.
The plan of development of the Mexican Navy-Navy Secretariat presented to the Executive by C. Admiral Secretary of Navy, said the Mexican Navy must be properly organized, equipped and trained to anticipate and counteract any internal or external threats. To meet the operating requirements of the Navy, the structuring of a reaction force with functional capabilities is necessary for: flexibility, rapid response, power of fire, mobility and economic forces, which coupled with efforts to support transportation by air, sea and land, multipurpose tactical employment respond to missions and tasks assigned by the Navy, for the fulfilment of its mission.
Therefore, the reaction amphibious marine force is defined as: a force organized, equipped and trained, as component of a naval force, to develop immediate response operations in missions that are assigned. And fits into an operational concept which provides that: given the need to respond as projection of naval power, requires that their actions have an autonomous character for limited periods of time, according to task that integrate to accomplish missions identified in a variety of operational environments, units for its ability to be transported by air, marine and terrestrial means that are organic unit. Therefore, the flexibility of its organic allows integrates r drives multipurpose that Act on different areas of operations, such as: amphibious, urban combat operations in the jungle, nocturnal, airborne, vertical assault, riparian, interdiction, and other civic action and support to other dependencies when sort operations incursion.
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