First Flag Service Center
The First Flag Service Center is dedicated to serve and protect the country. The First Flag Service Center (Al-Warwar) was founded on 01 February 1993, according to memo No 367 Dated 01 August 1993 and had summoned the first promotion of conscripts on 02 August 1993 to proceed with basic course military training. Thereafter they were assigned to different army units to continue their specific military training course. Until 23 March 2000, many promotions of conscript NCO's, and conscripts had accomplished their basic course in the FFSC. Since 03 April 2000, the new promotions of conscripts began to carry on their basic and specific courses in the FFSC except NCO's and conscripts with logistic service who were excluded from doing the specific military courses.
The FFSC is focused on preparing conscripts as soldiers to serve in the Lebanese Armed Forces by commanding discipline and order in their attitudes. There is also emphasis on developing their physical fitness, training them to acquire military skills, and using weapons in different combat situations in order to carry out their missions either individually or in a team exercise. The FFSC hopes to bring about patriotism, develop their bravery, and strengthen their trust in the state and its institutions. Priority is also placed on establishing the ideal moral values, human rights and obligations in conscripts making them virtuous citizens.
The diversity of Lebanon is challanging and the FFSC wants to establish a unified social attitude among conscripts as well as have patriotism dominate over their sectarianism, religious discrimination and political affiliations. Empowerment is also a key goal to make conscripts feel as if they are the guardians of social, environmental and security issues while completely trusting and bonding with the military. The FFSC has consistently tried to battle its image of forced service by using nationalism and patriotism as tools.
Males from the age of 18 submits to compulsory service until the maximum age of 30. However, there are also a number of exemptions for individuals to not serve in the FFSC. Children with no siblings are exempt as are people with chronic handicaps or diseases and active men of religion. Notably, children or brothers of those who have died fighting Israel or died while on civil service are exempt. Those who have spent more than three months in Israeli detention are also exempt as well as Lebanese who have live abroad for more than five years. Temporary exemptions are also possible.
The two hands in the emblem of the First Flag Service reprsent the cooperation of the citizen and the military. The laurel symbolizes victory and the wheat represents prosperity and blessing.
Upon entry to the FFSC different ranks are given to individuals based on education levels attained. Lieutenant rank is for the following conscripts: Doctors, Pharmacists, Engineers, and the holders of a doctorate diploma. Lieutenant conscript submits to the Military Academy to achieve their basic military training. Adjutant rank is for the conscripts holding a university degree. Sergeant rank is for the conscripts holding a technical distinctive diploma. Conscript rank is for the other cases.
The FFSC consists of three main parts, flag service center command, logistic and defense group, and six training battalions. Within the Flag service center command is the commander, the assistant commander, the secretariat, command and service company, personal section, security and orientation section, training section, equipment section, and a computer section. The logistic and defense group consists of a supply company, defense company, and a transport and equipment company. Within the each of the six training battalions are four training companies that hold 128 conscripts.
The facility of the FFSC holds about 3072 conscripts. Its structure includes a command building, staff building and buildings for the training battalions. The battalion buildings contain, the battalion commander's office, security officer's office, secretariats' office, and a battalion NCO room. One building for every company is composed of two large bedrooms with 64 beds each, office for the company commander, room for company officers, room for the company NCOs, a warehouse, a room for theoretical training, toilets and showers.
The camp as a whole has a restaurant, kitchen, warehouse for equipment, power generators, a canteen, officers' mess, pastry shop, barber shop, ammunition warehouse, cordoned sports venues, combat field, lecture halls, training halls, offices, and water purifying stations. There is an medical cell employing three doctors and a dentist. There are also training fields adjacent to the center as well.
After a week of enlisting the conscripts, they submit to two training courses, common military training basic core and specific course. The first course consists of 240 hours equivalent to 9 weeks and the training program composes of, military rules and regulations, technical and tactical education, weapons, phyiscal fitness, orientation and moral preparation. The second course consists of 84 hours equivalent to three weeks and includes physical fitness, drills, and infantry weapons training. The military courses are taught by an officer in the company under the supervision of the battalion's commander. Specialized officers teach the specialized military courses while a civilian university professors teach the civil sciences.
A typical training day includes:- wake up call at 4:30 (trumpet), preparation for physical training from 4:30 to 5:20, physical training from 5:20 to 6:00, preparation for breakfast in uniform from 6:00 to 6:30, breakfast from 6:30 to 7:00, morning assembly from 7:00 to 7:30, anthems at the flag patio from 7:30 to 7:45, report to the battalion commander at 7:45, carrying out classes and training activities from 8:00 till 13:30, lunch from 13:30 till 14:30, rest period from 14:30 till 16:00, continuation of classes and conferences in national education from 16:00 to 18:00, rest period from 18:00 to 19:30, dinner from 19:30 till 20:30, nightly count from 20:30 till 21:00, and lights out at 22:00 (trumpet).
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