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Qaher-313 / Conqueror-313 / Dominant 313 / F-313

President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad on Saturday 02 February 2013 unveiled a what was described as a "new super modern fighter plane" by Iranian sources. Dave Majumdar provides a rundown of why, when weighed in the balance, it is found wanting " if I had to put money down on it, I say it's a mock-up. I suppose it could be some sort of test bed, but I'm highly skeptical." Some years back, Iran displayed a mockup of the Shafaq fighter plane, but this was never translated into a flight aircraft.

The object on display does not withstand close scrutiny. Some aspects of the design call into question whether it is flyable [eg, the rear landing gear may be too large to retract into the fuselage]. If it is flyable, it is poorly designed [eg, the air inlets are minute, visibly smaller than those on the various Iranian knockoffs of the American F-5]. And the materials are poorly finished [eg, the cockpit transparency is notably cloudy].

David Cenciotti noted that the plane featured implausible aerodynamics and Hollywood sheen and was laughably small for a fighter jet. He also commented thatthe cockpit was far too basic for a sophisticated aircraft, and appeared similar to those equipping small private planes. ... The nose section is so small almost no radar could fit in it ... The air intakes are extremely small, whereas the engine section lacks any kind of nozzle: engine afterburners could melt the entire jet. ... It looks like this pilot is in a miniature plane and it appeared nothing more than a large mock-up model. Iran also broadcast video footage of the Qaher F-313 in flight, which Cenciotti said appeared to fly like a radio-controlled scale model more than a modern fighter jet. He also noted it was suspect that Tehran did not release takeoff and landing footage of its new aircraft.

The domestically-designed fighter jet, codenamed Qaher-313, was unveiled on the occasion of the Ten-Day Dawn celebrations commemorating the victory of the 1979 Islamic Revolution. The Ten-Day Dawn period starts with the anniversary of the historic return of the late Imam Khomeini from exile on February 1, 1979 and ends with the victory of the Islamic Revolution on February 11. Defense Minister Brigadier General Ahmad Vahidi, Air Force Commander Brigadier General Hassan Shah Safi, Army Commander Major General Ataollah Salehi and a group of senior military officials were present in the ceremony. According to IRNA, "The Qaher (Conqueror) 313, enjoys the latest defense technologies. It has the ability to track down enemy aircraft, engage in combat, target locations on the ground, and carry a payload of assorted weapons and ammunition."

Defense Minister Brigadier General Ahmad Vahidi said Irans new fighter dubbed Qaher-313 is an anti-radar and super modern fighter. He made the remarks while talking to reporters on the sidelines of the unveiling ceremony of the fighter here on Saturday. Stressing that Iran defends its interests all over the world, he reiterated that the designing and production of the fighter served this very objective. He said the production of the fighter took place in line with the guidelines of the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution, with all stages of its production and designing completed by Iranian scientists and experts. Outlining the exclusive features of Qaher-313, the minister said that the fighter is capable of conducting flights in low altitudes and has a quite unique outward appearance. Noting that the aircraft enjoys very advanced technologies, Vahidi said the fighter has the capability of carrying advanced home-made ammunition. He stressed that Qaher is a manifestation of the high capabilities, creativity and bold spirit of the Iranian scientists.

Vahidi said all production stages, including designing and manufacturing of the new aircraft were carried out by Iranian experts at the Aviation Industries Organization of the Defense Ministry. As regards the specification of Qaher 313, the minister said, "The advanced aircraft with an advanced appearance has a very small Radar Cross Section (RCS) and is capable of operating and flying in low-altitude." The minister added that high-tech materials and electro-ionic systems were used in the aircraft which is capable of landing and taking off from short runways. Vahidi noted that Qaher 313 enjoys high combat capability and can carry home-made weapons. Vahidi also told reporters on the sidelines of the ceremony that Qaher 313 is able to rival with the most advanced fighter jets in shape and structure, adding that its shape has gifted the aircraft small RCS. Radar cross section (RCS) is a measure of how detectable an object is with a Radar. A larger RCS indicates that an object is more easily detected. An object reflects a limited amount of radar energy.

President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said production of Qaher-313 jet fighter is a proof of the high capapbilites of Iranian experts. Addressing a ceremony to unveil the super-modern jet fighter which coincided with the national day of space technology, he also noted that the achievement indicates the fact that the Islamic Republic of Iran has already made many remarkable progresses. He said Iranian experts now have the power to design and produce models which best match the countrys needs.

The president said that the rapid pace of proress in the fields of science and technology in the country now is a matter of the nations will and has nothing to do with surrounding conditions. He said that once the nation did not even imagine making such big achievements as production of fighter jets but now all can see that it has already attained the goal. Referring to the obstacles created for the Iranian nation, he further stressed that Iranians will certainly leave behind the harsh conditions. He said the fact that evil forces are mobilizing all their efforts to confront the Islamic Iran indicates that many remarkable victories are in store for the Iranian nation in the future.

Ahmadinejad stressed that the message of Irans defense and military technology is peace and fraternity, adding that Irans defense achievements posed no threats to others but were tools to defend human dignity and nations rights and used only for deterring purposes. He stressed that manufacturing of the fighter by Iranian experts indicated that no technology has ever been out of the reach of the Iranian scientists. The President added that production of the Qaher-313 has proved once more that the Iranians enjoy rich civilization and culture that makes them unbeatable in the world.

Iran's new fighter jet which was unveiled 02 February 2013 has been designed and manufactured fully domestically and enjoys a "unique" structure, its project manager said on Saturday . "The fighter jet is Iranian made and all its parts, from A to Z, have been manufactured domestically," Hassan Parvaneh told Iran's state-run TV 02 February 2013. "Its shape and structure is completely unique and peerless," he added. Parvaneh stated that only three world countries have the technology to manufacture such a fighter jet. Parvaneh said that the new fighter jet, Qaher 313, is "the first Iranian jet using a front control wing, and we have never had any other plane with this specification". He further stated that Iranian engineers at the Defense Ministry's Aviation Industries Organization augmented efforts to design and develop this aircraft after Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei in a meeting asked them to switch their focus from reverse engineering to innovative designing and crossing the borders of science and technology.

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