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Civil Aircraft Industry

The history of the Indian Aircraft Industry can be traced to the founding of Hindustan Aircraft Limited at Bangalore in December 1940 in association with the erstwhile princely State of Mysore and late Shri Seth Walchand Hirachand, an Industrialist of extra -ordinary vision. Govt. of India became one of its shareholders in March 1941 and took over the management in 1942. Hindustan Aircraft Limited was merged with Aeronautics India Limited and Aircraft Manufacturing Depot, Kanpur to form Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) on 01st October 1964.

Today HAL has 16 production units and 9 research and design centres spread out in seven different locations in India. Its product track record consists of 12 types of aircraft from in house R &D and 13 types by license production. HAL has so far produced over 3300 aircraft, 3400 Aeroengines and overhauled over 7700 aircraft and 26000 engines. HAL has engaged & succeeded in number of R & D programs for both the military and civil aviation sectors. Substantial progress has been made in the current projects like Dhruv -Advanced Light Helicopter (ALH), Tejas-Light Combat Aircraft (LCA), Intermediate Jet Trainer (IJT) and various military and civil upgrades. The deliveries of Dhruv were effected to Indian Army, Navy, Air Force and Coast Guard in March 2002, in its first year of production which is a unique achievement.

Transport Aircraft Division of HAL was set up in 1960 to manufacture the HS-748, a medium haul turbo-prop passenger transport aircraft. Over the years, it has vastly developed its infrastructure and capabilities and undertaken the manufacture of 15-19 seater multi role utility aircraft (Dornier DO-228), agriculture aircraft (HA-31), basic trainer aircraft (HPT - 32) and variety of aerospace structural assemblies and components for both domestic and International market. Production of DO-228 is expected to continue for another 8-10 years.

Product

Period

Qty

HS-748 Aircraft

1960-83

89

Gliders

1963-86

164

Basant Aircraft (HA-31)

1975-78

19

HPT-32 Aircraft

1983-98

142

Dornier-228 Aircraft

1985 onwards

83

ATP Tailplane (for Export)

1987-95

24

The Indian civil aviation sector has witnessed substantial developments in the new century. However, on the crucial issues of privatization, the federal government continues to delay decisions primarily because of political compulsions of coalition politics. So, while the federal government has finally recognized the importance of sector reform, it does not have the legislative muscle to push through such reforms.

HAL's cost effective and widespread skills are available to the International Aerospace Community. HAL has proven capabilities and offers collaborative arrangements in the areas of manufacturing of machine components, sheet metals, sub assemblies, assemblies and design & developments tasks (Structural analysis, 3D modelling and testing). Current commercial projects include passenger doors from state-owned Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. (HAL) and software services from Infosys Technologies and HCL Technologies Ltd. HAL has a contract worth more than $80 million and Infosys worked on the design and development of the A380. To Boeing, this includes an uplock box assembly for Boeing 777, and over wing exit doors for Boeing 757. To MHI Japan a bulk cargo door for Boeing 767.

Future Plans of the Transport Aircraft Division of Hindustan Aeronautics Limited include the 14 seater Saras aircraft, under development at National Aeronautical Laboratory (NAL), Bangalore, will utilize intricate CNC parts like Wing Panels as well as Assemblies built at TAD Kanpur. Division is presently participating in Design and Prototype Development of Saras and series production is planned at TAD Kanpur. Series production of 100 seater Multi Role Transport aircraft will be taken up by TAD Kanpur. The aircraft is under co-design and development at HAL's Aircraft Research and Design Centre, Bangalore in association with Russian partners. Co-production of 50-70 seater ATR-42/72 aircraft from Phase-II (Assembly from knocked down kits), to meet the requirements of various Civil and Military operator is planned at TAD.





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