2 Mechanized Corps [2 Korpus Zmechanizowany]
2 Mechanized Corps [2 Korpus Zmechanizowany] was formed on the basis of Airborne Mechanized Corps and divisional units of the Silesian and Pomeranian Military District, and was ready for operation on 1 January 2002. Its current headquarters and subordinate units are located in garrison Krakow.
During the period 1.01.2002 - 1.04.2004 Corps compound was operational - tactical intended to conduct combat operations within NATO itself and in cooperation with allied forces, the fight against the enemy ground and air, as well as a sharing in crisis management. During this period the Corps were subject to two divisions, five brigades, five regiments and two separate battalions."Affirmation" during the NATO exercise "Cannon Cloud 2002" (November 2002), confirming its readiness to command at Alliance formed an ad hoc and operational groups to participate in exercises in the role of the allied corps headquarters.
With effect from 1 April 2004 the 2 Mechanized Corps Command in Krakow sent to the organizational structure in direct subordination of the Commander of Land Forces the following Tactical and Military Units - : - 11 Lubuska Zagan Armoured Cavalry Brigade - 1 Mechanised Division Warsaw Legionowo - 6 Airborne Brigade - Assault Krakow - 25 Air Cavalry Brigade Tomaszów Mazowiecki - Engineers Edge 1st Brigade - 23 Artillery Brigade Boleslawiec - Combat Helicopter Regiment 56 Inowroclaw - 69 Regiment Anti Leszno - 2 reconnaissance regiment Hrubieszów - 5 Chemical Battalion Tarnowskie Mountains - 11 electronic warfare battalion Legnica .Furthermore, in March 2004 the 10th Armoured Cavalry Brigade from Swietoszówhwas been incorporated into the structure of 11 Armored Cavalry Division and the Regiment of Highway 1 - Bridge of Deblin was subordinated to the commander of the Silesian Military District in Wroclaw.
After the transfer in April 2004 and subordinate tactical units in the direct subordination of the Land Forces Command - Command 2 Mechanized Corps was given new tasks. In the new conditions it is intended to organize and conduct training and exercises for certain commands and operational units - Army tactical or ad hoc task forces formed clusters. There is also a seed-level operational - tactical cooperation and interaction with the operational level HQs - NATO tactical. Is prepared to participate in exercises of national and allied command in the role of the body, and to command created an ad hoc groupings operating.
So far, 2 Corps Command Mechanized corresponding to preparing and directing exercises "Euphrates," and currently exercises "Bagram" - whose purpose was to check the status of preparation of the successive changes in Iraq NEC, NEC and now Afghanistan. Command of the Corps cooperates with similar HQs within NATO. Together with the Corps, ARRC (Allied Rapid Reaction Corps) and the Italian corps NRDC-ITA part of the working group set up by NATO's Allied Command Operations (ACO / SHAPE) for cooperation in the fields of training and coordination of the development of normative documents. It also cooperates in the establishment of the European Union Battle Group in 2010 with designated partners in the country - the founders of the group and the building of confidence and security in Europe, with 13 Corps Armijnym Ukraine.
Currently subordinate command of the Corps are:
- 5 battalion command Lt. Gen. Stanislaw Haller - www.jw2771.2kz.mil.pl
- Science Team 2 Mechanized Corps
- Club 2 Mechanized Corps - www.klub.2kz.mil.pl
2 Mechanized Corps Command inherits the traditions of the eleven operational relationships that exist in the Polish Army during the period from January Uprising in modern times. In 2008, the Minister of National Defence Bogdan Klich, the commander of 2nd KZ decision to grant the name of the patron - Gen. Wladyslaw Anders. Christmas Day is May 18th Corps memorial day gain of Monte Cassino. Badge 2 Mechanized Corps in its content refers to the design plan Badges 2 Polish Corps. Its main element is the symbolic letter "K" (open-topped crown) - the doors of the royal Wawel Cathedral, surrounded by laurel leaves fame and glory as befits a soldier. The whole of this composition is supported on Amazon shield placed in the middle of the digit "2" surrounded by full name "Mechanized Corps" at the ends of which were placed two stars. Designed badge refers to the intentions of the designers of the historical equivalent of 2 Polish Corps, and the elements contained in them emphasize the place of stationing Corps Command Mechanized ie, the old capital of Poles - Krakow.
According to the decision of the Minister of National Defence of 16.04.2002 No 99/MON of 2 Mechanized Corps, to preserve the memory of the achievements of soldiers wearing the operational relationships, and number two military units of garrison Krakow, 18 May 2002, officially took over and continues the tradition orezne :
- II Korpusu 1863-64 II Corps 1863-64
- II Korpusu Polskiego na Wschodzie 1917 -1918 Polish II Corps in the East, 1917 -1918
- 2 Armii Wojska Polskiego 1920 2 Polish Army 1920
- Okregu Generalnego KRAKÓW 1918 - 21 KRAKOW General District 1918 - 21
- Dowództwa Okregu Korpusu V KRAKÓW 1921 - 39 V Corps Area Command Cracow, 1921 - 39
- Armii KRAKÓW - 1939 Army KRAKOW - 1939
- 2 Korpusu Polskiego 1943-46 2 Polish Corps 1943-46
- II Armii Wojska Polskiego 1944-45 Second Polish Army 1944-45
- Dowództwa Okregu Wojskowego nr V KRAKÓW 1945-54 Command Military District No. 1945-54 KRAKOW V
- Krakowskiego Okregu Wojskowego 1992-98 Cracow Military District 1992-98
At the same time in accordance with the decision of the Minister of National Defence NN 614/MON of 27 December 2007, the elements of the battalion took over command of heritage, traditions and symbolism of the military command of the regiment, the first in the Polish Army, which was protecting the functioning of the Command and General Staff Military District, Army units to perform tasks and Communications Security. This Military Unit, based on the decision of the Minister of National Defence NN 614/MON of 27 December 2007, took over and nurtured traditions of :
- 5 Dywizji Taborów z Bochni z lat 1919 - 1939
5 Division of rolling stock from Bochnia the years 1919 to 1939
- 5 Batalionu Telegraficznego z Krakowa z lat 1919 - 1939 5 Battalion telegraph from Krakow in the years 1919 to 1939
- Batalionu Lacznosci Okregu Wojskowego nr 5 z Krakowa z lat 1946 - 1947
Communications Battalion, Military District No. 5 of Cracow in the years 1946 to 1947
- Okregowej Skladnicy Lacznosci z Warsztatami nr 5 z Krakowa z lat 1946 - 1947
Liaison with the District Depot Workshops No. 5 from Krakow in the years 1946 to 1947
- 5 Okregowego Batalionu Lacznosci z Krakowa z roku 1953
5 Provincial Communications Battalion from Krakow 1953
- 24 Pulku Lacznosci z Kwidzynia z lat 1976 - 1993
24 Communications Regiment of Kwidzyn the years 1976 to 1993
- 5 Pulku Dowodzenia z lat 1993-2007
5th Regiment Command in the years 1993-2007
The 2 Mechanized Corps [2KZ Corps] is the first unit for operational - tactical Polish Army which acquired the "Affirmation" of NATO during the exercises, "Cannon Cloud 2002" (November 2002), and thus confirmed its readiness to command Alliance unit formed an ad hoc and operational groups to participate in exercises in the role of the allied corps headquarters. At the level of the Allied Command 2KZ Corps, together with German - Dutch (GE / NL Corps) and the Italian corps NRDC-IT is part of the working group set up by NATO's Allied Command Operations (ACO / SHAPE) for cooperation in the field exercises, training and coordination to develop documents normative.
The Land Forces Training Center is located in north-western part of Polish, about 100 km from the Polish-German border. Here it is possible to train at the same time mechanized division and aggregation sub-units of one union tactical reconnaissance. Tactical exercises can be conducted with combat shooting ammunition in the composition of mechanized battalion reinforced with tanks, supported by artillery and tactical aviation, fire fighting ammo shoot straight to the 2400 m distance from the lufowych; train overcoming the obstacles on the bottom of water tanks and a method of forcing, to perform an impact aviation (squadron strength).
ANAKONDA 2006 was the first exercise of its kind for many years in which all the Armed Forces, Military Police and components of non-military services such as the Police, Border Guard and Fire Service are to take part. The 2 Mechanized Corps joined the exercie 21-29 September 2006, the first Tactical Exercise for many years with the all components and non-military elements of the system, linked by the field of conducting a defensive operation. The objective of the exercises was improving command and control process of combat components separated from forces, as well as carrying out actions (using it with a real army) in the combined defense operations within the country. During exercises the 2 Mechanized Corps played the role of Land Component Command (LCC).
The aim of the exercise is to improve the preparation of the chain of command at all levels in the process of directing combat components of the Polish Armed Forces. Furthermore, the exercise will contribute to the gaining of practical experience in preparing and carrying out activities in joint defensive operations in Poland and also preparing the command for directing large-scale operations. The exercise is taking place on 20-29 September on training grounds in Drawsko Pomorskie and Ustka, and also in marine training areas in the protective zone of the Polish Navy. In total, about 10,000 soldiers, 190 tanks and artillery pieces, 33 aircraft, 21 helicopters, 20 ships and 1380 other pieces of equipment are taking part.
|11 Armored Cavalry Division [11 Dywizja Kawalerii Pancernej] is the only armored division in the Land Army. Within 2 Mechanized Corps is the largest tactical unit. The division continues the process of achieving interoperability with allied structures. This shock division account for the production of Polish PT-91 Twardy ["Hard"] tanks and the armored infantry. Support for sub-units of armored and mechanized assure artillerymen, equipment, among others, the Self Propelled howitzers and rocket launchers. Training Division is in proximity to the polygonal base, which is located in the region Zagan - Swietoszów and Wedrzynie. For many years, attended by division soldiers in UN peacekeeping missions, NATO missions in Kosovo and Bosnia and Herzegovina. In the process of integration with the allied troops 11 DKPanc actively participated in many NATO exercises in Poland and abroad. Since 1994, the Division collaborates with 13 Panzer Grenadier Division of the Bundeswehr in Leipzig, under the Partnership Act.|
|25 Air Cavalry Brigade [25 Brygada Kawalerii Powietrznej] is an association dedicated to the pursuit of tactical action aero-mobile (air - Assault, Landing - Assault) in all types of combat operations. These activities can lead Brigade alone or jointly with other Army and Air Force, in the whole area of responsibility. As part of activities within the NATO forces can constitute a component dedicated rapid-reaction forces, expeditionary and peacekeeping.|
|23 Silesia Artillery Brigade [23 Slaska Brygada Artylerii Brygada] tactical artillery is an association dedicated to the overall fire support military corps / division.|
|The 1 Brzeska Engineer Brigade is designed to support the implementation of the tasks engineering affecting the efficiency and effectiveness of conducting combat operations in the operational and tactical level. Implementation of these tasks is possible only by appropriately trained military specialists. Therefore the main component of peacekeeping activities is the training brigade manpower and organizational command and sub-units to prepare them to perform tasks in the event of war. As the largest organizational branch of military engineering, the Brigade trains subdivisions vary in terms of destination and specialties. Soldiers of the unit take part in many operations under the UN blue flag. Participated in peacekeeping missions in Lebanon, Syria, Cambodia, Egypt, Namibia and countries of former Yugoslavia. Since March 2002, a platoon of sappers from the company's engineering brigade participated in counter-terrorism operation "Enduring Freedom" in Afghanistan.|
|The Special Regiment [Pulk Specjalny] is designed to conduct special operations mainly in the so-called Green tactics ["zielonej taktyki"]. It carries out its tasks within the country and abroad, in peacetime, crisis and war. As part of the special operations regiment performs the tasks of: recognition of a special, direct action, military support. |
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