Li Keqiang is expected to be named Premier of the State Council at the March 2013 National Peoples Congress. At the November 2012 Congress of the Communist Party of China, he was named to the peak decision-making Politburo Standing Committee. Li Keqiang is the candidate of the the Youth League Faction.
Li Keqiang was a member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, secretary of the CPC Liaoning Provincial Committee and chairman of the Standing Committee of the Liaoning Provincial People's Congress. At the National People’s Congress plenary held in March 2008, Li Keqiang was elected Vice Premier. Li Keqiang, an ethnic Han and native of Dingyuan, Anhui Province, was born in July 1955. He joined the CPC in May 1976 and began working in March 1974. Graduated from the School of Economics of Peking University, majoring in economics. With on-the-job postgraduate education, he holds a Doctor of Economics.
Li Keqiang is a member of the “China Communist Youth League Faction”. Li Keqiang’s appointment as PRC Vice-Premier placed him clearly in position to succeed Wen Jiabao as Premier, and to assume significant responsibilities for China’s macroeconomic policies. Relative to their counterparts in the “princeling faction", the “China Communist Youth League Faction,” cadres tend to favor policies that would benefit China’s lessdeveloped interior and address socioeconomic issues that threaten “social stability.” Also relative to their counterparts, they lack experience in some of the more complex aspects of national economic management, such as foreign trade relations or administering the financial sector.
Li is regarded by many observers as being a genuinely knowledgeable technocrat on economic issues, holding a Ph.D in economics from Beijing University. He is also viewed as someone who is like-minded and works smoothly with current Premier Wen Jiabao on most issues.147 During the Cultural Revolution, the youthful Li spent four years of labor in the countryside From 1974 to 1976 he was sent to work at Dongling Brigade, Damiao Commune, Fengyang County, Anhui Province. From 1976 to 1978 he was the Party branch secretary of Damiao Brigade, Damiao Commune, Fengyang County, Anhui Province. He was a student of the Department of Law and leading member of the Student Union of Peking University from 1978 to 1982, and in 1982 and1983 he was Secretary of the CYLC committee of Peking University.
From 1983 to 1985 he served as Director general of the School Department of the CYLC Central Committee and concurrently secretary general of the All-China Students' Federation, Alternate member of the Secretariat of the CYLC Central Committee, and from 1985 to 1993 he was a Member of the Secretariat of the CYLC Central Committee and vice chairman of the All-China Youth Federation (September-November 1991: studied at the Party School of CPC Central Committee). From 1993 to 1998 he was First secretary of the Secretariat of the CYLC Central Committee and concurrently president of the China Youth Political College (1988-1994: obtained MA and doctorate of Economics after attending the on-the-job postgraduate program on Economics at the School of Economics of Peking University).
In 1998 and 1999 he was Deputy secretary of the CPC Henan Provincial Committee and acting governor of Henan Province, and from 1999 to 2002 he served as Deputy secretary of the CPC Henan Provincial Committee and governor of Henan Province . In 2002 and 2003 he was Secretary of the CPC Henan Provincial Committee and governor of Henan Province, and during 2003 and 2004 he served as Secretary of the CPC Henan Provincial Committee and chairman of the Standing Committee of the Henan Provincial People's Congress.
He served as Secretary of the CPC Liaoning Provincial Committee in 2004 and 2005, and from 2005 to 2007 he served as Secretary of the CPC Liaoning Provincial Committee and chairman of the Standing Committee of the Liaoning Provincial People's Congress.
In 2007 he was elected as a Member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, secretary of the CPC Liaoning Provincial Committee and chairman of the Standing Committee of the Liaoning Provincial People's Congress. He was a Member of the Fifteenth, Sixteenth and Seventeenth CPC Central Committees. Member of the Political Bureau and its Standing Committee of the Seventeenth CPC Central Committee. Member of the Standing Committee of the Eighth National People's Congress.
Laws and regulations forbid the termination of pregnancies based on the sex of the fetus, but because of the intersection of birth limitations and a traditional preference for male children, particularly in rural areas, many families used ultrasound technology to identify female fetuses and terminate these pregnancies. According to government estimates released in February, the national average for the male-female sex ratio at birth was 119 to 100 in 2009 (compared with norms elsewhere of between 103 and 107 to 100). The Chinese Academy of Social Sciences estimated that by 2020, there could be as many as 24 million more men than women of marriageable age (ages 19-45) in China. In September Vice Premier Li Keqiang announced that the government would "launch measures to narrow the widening ratio of men and women."
Although the government announced adjustments would be implemented to address the problem of unequal birth sex ratios, it also affirmed the orientation of its family-planning policy at the highest levels, including maintaining the policy as part of the 12th Five-Year Plan that will be in effect 2011-15. In September 2010 Vice Premier Li Keqiang emphasized, however, that the policy would be "better coordinated" to take into account long-term economic and social developments.
In February 2011 Chinese Vice Premier Li Keqiang ordered local governments to increase funding for affordable housing projects, stressing that the construction of 10 million units was a mandatory task that must be fulfilled this year. Speaking at a national conference on affordable housing for low and middle income groups, Li said that the construction of 10 million affordable housing units this year is of great significance for the government to stabilize public expectations, control housing prices, improve people's lives and boost domestic consumption. Li Keqiang also demanded the comprehensive enforcement of the country's food safety laws, urging checks to be tightened against unsafe food products.
Despite Li's liberal reputation, preserving stability remains his overriding task and likely will define his premiership.
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