HY-5 (Hongying = Red Tassel) is a shoulder-held air defense missile. The application of the "HY" designation to a missile of this type is somewhat confusing to Westerners, since the other Chinese missiles using the "HY" designator are large coastal defense cruise missiles. The confusion is entirely of Western origin, since the Chinese characters for the Hai Ying [Sea Eagle] anti-ship missile and the Hong Ying [Red Tassel] anti-tank missile are readily distinguished.
The Chinese HN-5 designation (Hong Ying-5 / Red Tassel) covers a series of ground-air very short range of first-generation shoulder-fired fire-and-forget missiles. It is based on the 1960s Soviet technology and its head was a direct copy of the SA-7A, itself largely inspired by the US Redeye. Indeed, the North Vietnamese (which faced US during the Viet Nam war) gave a copy of the 'Grail' to China, asking the PRC to produce and deliver them.
Due to the Cultural Revolution that is rampant in China, the reproductive process was long to develop and the first prototypes Chinese of this equipment - known as HN-5 - which were sent to North Viet Nam to there be tested, proved to be ineffective against American aviation. The size and performance of the HN-5 were very close to his Soviet original.
As China began promptly to seek to improve its own product while the North Vietnamese gave him, in 1968, a copy of the Strela-2M (SA-7B) from a batch that had been delivered to them by the Russians. The end of the war of Viet Nam intervened until the development by China of this new weapon system - called HN-5A - was completed.
|Missile weight||10.2 kg|
|Mass of the weapon system||16.5 kg|
|Missile diameter||72 mm|
|warhead weight||0.5 kg|
|Maximum speed||500 m/s|
|Range||800 m at 4.4 km|
|Altitude||50 m 2.5 km.|
Based on the position of the Soviet system SA-14 Gremlin shooting and its 9M36 missile, HN-5B which was then developed by China, began to enter service in the People's Liberation Army in the mid-1980s, but its existence was revealed in 1990. It was delivered to Pakistan in January of that year This country also made its own copy, called Anza Mk I, entered into service in 1990.
HN-5CA version of the HN-5B mounted on a 4 x 4 vehicle also entered production in 1986 and was revealed at the beginning of the 1990s. Designated HN-5C, it included two groups of 4 missiles, mounted share and a turret with an electro-optical fire control.
HQ-5 CThe version HQ-5C (Hong Qi / Red Flag), inexpensive to purchase, was destined for export. It was produced by applying to the HN-5B the Western criteria for maintainability, to reduce its cost of ownership. The Philippines and Thailand were buyers.
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