By 09 October 2001 Ismail Khan, a legendary commander of NA forces in western Afghanistan, had captured the airport outside Chagcharan and were close to capturing Chagcharan itself. This put Khan's forces in position to take the strategic city of Herat, opening a military supply route for his forces from Iran.
In June 2004 Afghan soldiers took a break at the Chagcharan airport in Ghor province. A battalion of soldiers arrived with the mission to drive out rival militias from the region.
Commander Rais Salam, once loyal to the Taliban, insisted he wanted Karzai's governor to return and said he would respect the decisions of the central government, including troops sent from Kabul.
On 15 July 2004 Afghan National Army troops killed two men in a shoot-out that led to a mob attack on an election offic. The shooting started when Afghan soldiers tried to steal money from people they were searching on the western side of Chagcharan. The dead were two local militiamen, also said to be area shopkeepers. A crowd gathered to protest the killings. Demanding the bodies of the two people killed, the mob then marched on an army outpost at the area airport and stormed a compound used by the joint UN-Afghan electoral commission. Seventeen people, mostly foreigners, were evacuated by helicopter to the western city of Herat.
On October 12, 2005 Lithuanian President Valdas Adamkus visited the Lithuanian-led ISAF provincial reconstruction team (PRT) in Chagcharan, Ghowr Province. Lithuania had approximately 100 troops with the ISAF mission, in Ocotober of 2005 and has led the 200-strong PRT in Chagcharan since its creation in July 2005, as part of the expansion of ISAF's security assistance mission into the West of the country.
One of NATO's newer members, Lithuania operates closely with the United States. In conjunction with the PRT, the United States Agency for International Development (US AID) Lithuania has identified over 1 million dollars of projects in Ghowr Province since July 2005, including the recently completed sanitation system for the Chaghcharan's Hospital, opened On October 12, 2005. The hospital serves approximately 200 patients daily and the new system will provide clean conditions for operations, showers and flushing water toilets to improve the Provincial health service.
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