M14 Enhanced Battle Rifle
M14 Enhanced Battle Rifle - Rock Island
The M14 Enhanced Battle Rifle (EBR) is an air-cooled, gas-operated, magazine-fed shoulder weapon. It is a variant of the M14 rifle mated to an enhanced aluminum billet stock, with a tactical scope on a cantilever mount. The rifle is effective in close quarters combat and in the US Army's Squad Designated Marksman role. The EBR can be quickly returned to the standard M14 configuration and has no permanent modifications to the basic components of the weapon. The M14 EBR has a new adjustable buttstock, cheek rest and M4-style pistol grip, making the rifle effective in both close quarters combat and in the Squad Designated Marksman role.
The weapon was produced in response to many Operational Need Statements requesting a longer range capability from US Army units. The Operational Needs Statements were a product of dissatisfaction with the performance of standard issue 5.56mm weapons beyond 600 meters. This had led initially to the reissue of standard M14 and M21 rifles. The M14 EBR was intended to provide infantry squads with the capability to engage enemy targets beyond the range of M4 carbines and M16 rifles.
The weapon was built by Rock Island Arsenal, leading to the weapon sometimes being referred to as the M14 Enhanced Battle Rifle - Rock Island (EBR-RI), which also helped differentiate it from the Mk 14 Enhanced Battle Rifle, another modified M14 configuration. Unlike the Mk 14 Mod 0 rifle developed initially for Naval Special Warfare units, the M14 EBR was intended to be a "drop-in" kit that would allow rapid conversion of existing weapons in inventory. The weapons were built using a combination of commercially acquired components and components already in inventory.
The US Army Requirements and Resourcing Board approved the fabrication of 5,000 EBR systems in the third quarter of FY09, with the weapons all being fabricated at Rock Island Arsenal by the TACOM Lifecycle Management Command. By the first quarter of FY10, an additional 1,200 systems were authorized. By third quarter FY10, the initial 5,000 weapons had been completed with 95 percent being fielded at that point. The M14 EBR was fielded to select units serving in Afghanistan supporting Operation Enduring Freedom.
By the end of 2010, it was hoped that by fourth quarter FY11, the remaining 1,200 systems would be completed. No further requirements had been authorized at that time, though sustainment of the existing systems after 2011 was expected.
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