Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV)
In 2007, the Army terminated the M113 Armored Personnel Carrier program due to inadequate mobility, survivability, and force protection, as well as the inability to incorporate the inbound Army network and future technologies due to size, weight, power, and cooling (SWaP-C) limitations. The AMPV program was created to replace approximately 3,000 M113-series platforms in the Army’s ABCTs. These platforms constitute approximately 30 percent of the ABCT’s fleet of combat vehicles.
The current Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle [AMPV] program will only replace 2,897 M113 vehicles at the brigade and below level within the ABCT. There are an additional 1,922 M113s supporting echelons above brigade. The AMPV family of vehicles is a Modified Capital Asset materiel solution replacement for the M113 family of vehicles to mitigate current and future capability gaps in force protection, mobility, reliability, and interoperability by mission role variant to support the Armored Brigade Combat Team (ABCT) across the Spectrum of Conflict.
The Army determined that development of the AMPV is necessary due to mobility, survivability and force protection deficiencies identified with the M113, as well as space, weight, power and cooling limitations that prevent the incorporation of the inbound Army network and future technologies.
The AMPV provides the ABCT with enhanced force protection, survivability, mobility, and situational awareness by providing a highly survivable and mobile platform to accomplish operational support missions. Force protection and survivability measures protect Soldiers and vehicles operating in complex environments. AMPV will support the M1 Abrams and the M2/M3 Bradley to resupply the formation, conduct battle command functions, deliver organic indirect fires, provide logistics support and medical treatment, performs medical and casualty evacuation, and, most importantly, function as an integral part of the ABCT formation.
During unified land operations, the AMPV’s superior mobility allows rapid movement over all terrain that is on pace with supported primary combat vehicles. The protection and automotive performance capabilities of the AMPV enable units to operate more securely and efficiently in the same operational environment as the combat elements. The increased power provided by the AMPV will allow incorporation of inbound network technologies, increasing mission command capabilities across the ABCT.
The AMPV will replace the M113 in five mission roles: Mission Command (MCmd), Medical Treatment (MT), Medical Evacuation (ME), General Purpose (GP), and Mortar Carrier (MC). It will integrate the current M113 FoV Mission Equipment Package (MEP) to a Military Vehicle Derivative (MVD) by transferring the existing M113 Mission Equipment Packages (MEP) to a new vehicle platform. The total projected AMPV quantity is 2,897 vehicles at the ABCT level and below.
The Mission Command Vehicle platform would enable effective mission command planning and execution for both the Tactical Operations Center and Tactical Command Vehicle subvariants and would host current Battle Command Systems, future replacements, and upgrades of hardware and software. The Medical Treatment Vehicle platform would provide a protected surgical environment with adequate lighting and accessible medical equipment and the capability for immediate medical care for one patient by a medical crew of 4. The Medical Evacuation Vehicle platform would conduct ambulance type activities and provide casualty evacuation for up to 4 litter or 6 ambulatory patients with a crew of 3 medical attendants. The General Purpose Vehicle platform would operate throughout the battle space by conducting re-supply, maintenance, casualty evacuation, and other tasks within the formation. The Mortar Carrier Vehicle platform would provide immediate responsive fire support to conduct fast-paced offensive operations.
The Lethality KPP addressed the GCV ICD Capability 3, Lethality. The AMPV MC will host and integrate the current M121 120-mm mortar system to provide indirect fires in support of maneuver units. The mortar system must accommodate a smoothbore 120-mm mortar system, which must be capable of firing the full family of mortar ammunition: HE, illumination, IR illumination, smoke, precision munitions, and future extended range munitions. The system will integrate the current M95 Mortar Fire Control System-Mounted.
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