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Constellation Specifications

L-049 L-749L-1049L-1049GL-1649
ConstellationSuperConstellationStarliner
Super Star
Jetstream
Super Starliner
First Flight January 9, 1943 October 13, 1950December 12, 1954October 11, 1956
Wingspan 123 ft 0 in
(37.5 m)
126 ft 2 in
(38.47 m)
45.72 meters /
150 feet
Length 95 feet, 2 inches 97 ft 4 in113 ft 0 in
(34.64 m)
116 ft 2 in
(35.42 m)
Height 23 ft 8 in 22 feet, 5 inches 24 ft 9 in
(7.54 m)
Weight empty39,392 lbs56,590 lbs70,083 lbs
(31790 kg)
79,700 lb
(36,150 kg)
91,645 lbs /
45,569 kgs
Useful load: 20,276 lbs65,300 lb
(29,620 kg)
Maximum gross takeoff weight 86,250 lbs107,000 lbs135,000 lbs
(61290 kg)
145,000 lb
(65,770 kg)
160,000 lbs /
72,575 kgs
Engines 4
Curtiss-Wright
Cyclone
3350-749C18BD1
4
Wright
R3350
compound radials
4
Wright
R-3350-DA3
Turbo Compound
18-cylinder
turbine-boosted
radial engines
4
Wright
R3350-18
Turbo-Compound
18 Cylinder
air-cooled
radial engines
Power, each2,200-2,500 hp 3250 hp3,400 hp
(2,535 kW)
3,400 HP
2,535 kW
propellersHamilton Standard
Hydraulic
3 Blades
19 foot diameter
Maximum Speed 340 miles per hour 380 mph
(610 km/h)
377 mph at 18,600 ft/
607kph at 5,670 m
Cruising Speed 280 mph305 mph326 kts
(603 km/h)
354 mph at 22,600 ft
(570 km/h at 6,890 m)
290 mph /
467 kph
Service ceiling 35,000 feet 24,100 ft27,600 ft
(8418 m)
25,000 ft
(7,620 m)
23,700 feet /
7,225 meters
Climb rate ft/min (m/sec)
Wing loading ()
Range 4,300 miles 2,600 miles4288 nm
(7950 km)
5,400 mi
(8,700 km)
4,940 miles with 19,500 lb /
7,950 km with 8,845 kg

6,180 miles with 8,000 lb /
9,945 km with 3,630 kg
crew 4-512 crew5 flight crew,
varying cabin crew
Passenger 548157 with typically 62-95
up to 109

Variants

  • C-69: Military transporter, 15 [22?] built
  • L-049: 88 built
  • L-149: same like 49, because outerwings of 749
  • L-649: first complete civilian version, 20 built
  • L-749: L649 with an additional 1,130 gallons of fuel
  • L-749A: strengthened gear, 113 built

  • L-1049: underpowered, 24 built
  • L-1049A: Civilian version of WV-2
  • L-1049B: Civilian version of WV-3, Turbo-Compound version
  • L-1049C: same as 1049, but engines with more performance; 56 built
  • L-1049D: Freight execution of 1049C with bigger loading hatches, 4 built
  • L-1049E: detail improvements, 18 built
  • L-1049G: Super G; additional fuel tanks (wing tip tanks), 104 built
  • L-1049H: Passenger- and freight transporter 53 built
  • L-1649A: Starliner; 43 built

  • C-121A: Military designation for 749 passenger- and freight transport
  • VC-121B: Military version of 749, equipped as long distance plane for military leadership
  • RC-121/WV-1: navy designation for 749

  • C-121C: Military designation for 1049
  • EC-121C: Version USAF as early warning -, radar and reconnaissance plane
  • RC-121D/WV-2: US Navy plane early warning and radar mechanism
  • RC-121D/WV-3: like WV-2, because additional equipment for wether forcast
  • VC-121E: personal plane for the President of the USA
  • YC-121F: Plane of US Air Force for passengers, freight or hospitality transports; with PTL-engines (each 5700PS / 4190kW)
  • R-7V-1: designation of US Navy for 1049 as freight transporter
  • R-7V-2: designation of US Navy for version with PTL engines, similar YC-121F



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