The KC-130T is US Marines Corps Reserves refueling tanker, similar to KC-130R, but with updated avionics, including the Bendix AN/APS-133 radar. The Marine Corps Reserve operates 24 KC-130Ts, but they do not perform the same type of missions as the Navy Reserve C-130T's.
Eight of the nine KC-130s modified for night-vision goggles are assigned to Marine Reserve squadrons. The aircraft modifications include cockpit display lights that are modified to avoid "blossoming out" the goggles with light. Four are assigned to a squadron in Newburgh, NY, and four to a squadron in Fort Worth. One modified older model is assigned to an active-duty squadron on the West Coast.
The KC-130T-30H is the tanker version of the stretched -130H, with a 15 foot (4.57-m) stretch implemented in two fuselage plugs. The troop capacity is increased from 92 to 128, the litter capacity increased from 74 to 97, and the paratroop capacity from 64 to 93, with 5 additional cargo pallets. There is no increase in fuel transfer amounts over the KC-130R, or in gross takeoff weight. Conversion during production was conducted on 2 C-130H aircraft, with delivery to US Marine Corps in October and November 1991.
The KC-130 Hercules, has been a valued work horse for the Marine Corps since the Corps accepted the first KC-130F in March 1960. The Marines have modernized the two reserve squadrons with the procurement of KC-130T aircraft. In December 1994 Lockheed Corporation, Lockheed Aeronautical Systems Company, Marietta, Georgia, was awarded a $20,022,944 face value increase to a firm-fixed-price contract for two C-130T aircraft for the Navy Reserve and two KC-130T aircraft for the Marine Corps Reserve. The contract was expected to be completed April 1995. The newest KC-130T was accepted into the Marine Corps Reserve inventory in October 1995.
As of 2001 a top priority Marine Corps priority was the KC-130T Avionics modernization and standardization initiative. The current Reserve aircraft configuration is not fully compliant with emerging Communication, Navigation, and Surveillance/Air Traffic Management or mandated Navigation/Safety requirements.
The J versions of the aircraft will replace some of the Corps' KC-130Fs, and will augment the KC-130R and KC-130T versions in service with three active and two reserve Marine aerial refueler/transport squadrons. First deliveries of the KC-130J began in 2000.
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