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Former Yugoslavia and Kosovo

In December 1995, the first US ground troops deployed into Bosnia-Herzegovina in support of Operation Joint Endeavor. Their mission was to implement the provisions of the Dayton Peace Accords. On 20 December 1996, the mission transitioned from implementation to stabilization. At that time, Operation Joint Endeavor ended and Operation Joint Guard began.

On 20 June 1998, the NATO-led Stabilization Force (SFOR) in Bosnia-Herzegovina transitioned to a slightly smaller follow-on force. Simultaneously, Operation Joint Guard ended and Operation Joint Forge began. The United States agreed to provide a force of approximately 6,900 US Service members to help maintain the military force in Bosnia-Herzegovina.

In March 2002, the Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) recommended reductions in the NATO-led Kosovo Force (KFOR), including withdrawal of heavy armored units, leading to reduction of between 5,000 and 10,000 troops from the 43,000-strong force. At the same time, SACEUR also proposed a continued reduction of troop numbers in the SFOR in Bosnia, along with reductions in air surveillance and naval support for NATO operations in the Balkans. On 2 December 2003, SFOR confirmed that due to the improved security situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina that it would reduce to a deterrent force of approximately 7,000 multinational soldiers by June 2004. At the Istanbul Summit in June 2004, NATO Heads of State and Government agreed that in light of the improved security situation in the country SFOR could be concluded at the end of that year. On 2 December 2004, the SFOR mission ended and Operation Joint Forge came to a close. The US Army's SFOR contingent, Task Force Eagle, had been officially inactivated on 24 November 2004.

By the end of 2004 the only remaining American forces in the Former Yugoslavia were the 1,000 Ohio Army National Guard soldiers of the 37th Armor Brigade deployed to Kosovo as peacekeepers as part of KFOR. The United States Army continued to deploy rotational forces in support of KFOR and as of 2013 there was still no fixed timeline for when Operation Joint Guardian would come to an end.

Locale

Dates

US Forces

Mountain Relief Albania 19 Jan 2002 22 Jan 2002
Essential Harvest Macedonia 27 Aug 2001 01 Oct 2001
Joint Guardian Kosovo 11 Jun 1999 ongoing KFOR Deployments
Allied Harvest Adriatic Sea 9 Jun 1999 26 Aug 1999
Provide Refuge / Open Arms
Allied Harbour
Sustain Hope / Shining Hope
Kosovo Apr 1999
05 Apr 1999
04 Apr 1999
May? 1999
01 Sep 1999
08 July 1999
Allied Force Kosovo 24 Mar 1999 10 Jun 1999
Noble Anvil
Eagle Eye
Determined Force
Flexible Anvil / Sky Anvil
Kosovo Jan 1999
30 Oct 1998
12 Oct 1998
Aug 1998
10 Jun 1999
24 Mar 1999
23 Mar 1999
Dec 1998
Cobalt Flash
Determined Falcon
Former Yugoslavia
Kosovo / Albania
? 1998
15 Jun 1998
Mar 1999?
16 Jun 1998
Deliberate Force Bosnia-Herzegovina 29 Aug 1995 21 Sep 1995
Joint Forge
Joint Guard
Joint Endeavor
Determined Effort
Bosnia-Herzegovina 20 Jun 98
Dec 1996
Dec 1995
Jul 1995
24 Nov 2004
20 Jun 98
Dec 1996
Dec 1995
SFOR Deployments

IFOR Deployments
Quick Lift Croatia 03 Jul 1995 11 Aug 1995
Nomad Endeavor
Nomad Vigil
Taszar, Hungary
Albania
March 1996
01 Jul 1995
?? 1996
05 Nov 1996
Able Sentry Serbia-Macedonia 05 Jul 1994 28 Feb 1999
Deliberate Forge
Decisive Guard / Deliberate Guard
Decisive Endeavor / Decisive Edge
Deny Flight
Bosnia-Herzegovina 20 Jun 1998
Dec 1996
Jan 1996
12 Apr 1993
24 Nov 2004
20 Jun 1998
Dec 1996
20 Dec 1995

??
??
2,000
Sky Monitor Bosnia-Herzegovina 16 Oct 1992 24 Nov 2004
Determined Guard
Decisive Enhancement
Sharp Guard
Maritime Guard
Maritime Monitor
Adriatic Sea Dec 1996
Dec 1995
15 Jun 1993
22 Nov 1992
16 Jul 1992
?? Dec 1998
19 Jun 1996
Dec 1995
15 Jun 1993
22 Nov 1992
??
??
11,700
??
??
Provide Promise Bosnia 03 Jul 1992 Mar 1996 1,000



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