Military


Fuerzas Aliadas

The US Southern Command sponsors a number of regionally oriented command post exercises and training seminars. The largest of these is the Fuerzas Aliadas series of command post exercise which brings together Caribbean and Central American security forces and provides training on regional responses and procedures for peacekeeping and disaster relief operations.

JTF-Bravo's primary mission is to conduct and support joint, combined and inter-agency operations in Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua to enhance regional cooperative security. These objectives are accomplished largely through operations and exercises to develop personal and professional relations, reduce the threat of cross-border confrontations, structure permanent confidence-building measures, and build a common understanding of regional challenges. Additionally, JTF-Bravo conducts and supports humanitarian and civic assistance, engineering and medical readiness exercises, as well as support to counterdrug operations.

Army South, stationed on Fort Buchanan, Puerto Rico, commands and controls Army involvement in theater engagement, contingency operations and counterdrug support throughout the Caribbean Island Nations, Central America and South America as a component to the U.S. Southern Command.

More than 135 Air Force and Army troops from Joint Task Force-Bravo joined almost 275 other U.S. and Central American participants in a multinational peacekeeping exercise May 20 to 31, 1995. The exercise, Fuerzas Aliadas (Allied Forces) Central American Peacekeeping Operation (CENTAM '96 FA PKO) was hosted by the Honduran armed forces. Troops from Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and the U.S. combined to study peacekeeping problems and solutions in the computer-simulated exercise.

The exercise scenario involved the fictitious country of Arcadia, which exercise planners said was experiencing devastating ethnic division resulting in economic collapse, armed conflict and other humanitarian problems. As part of the exercise, the participants monitored cease-fire agreements, assisted Arcadian efforts to restore stability and conduct free elections and prepared the country for follow-on forces.

Participants maneuvered fictitious battalion elements using two computer systems called the joint conflict model and civil affairs model. The JCM allowed simulation of tactical, strategic and logistical situations, while the CAM permitted exercise facilitators to insert simulated political-military situations into the exercise.

Fuerzas Aliadas Humanitarias 01 (FA-HUM 01), a humanitarian disaster relief executive-level seminar conducted annually by U.S. Army South, held its opening ceremony March 19 here with more than 300 participants representing 36 nations from Latin America and the Caribbean basin. "Fuerzas Aliadas Humanitaria" translates to "Allied Forces Humanitarian" and is an exercise that brings together in national authorities, international and regional organizations as well as non-governmental organizations. Some include the United Nation's Development Program, the Red Cross, Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance, United States Agency for International Development and the Pan American Health Organization.

An earthquake measuring 7.6 on the Richter scale struck El Salvador Jan. 13, 2001, resulting in 1,159 deaths, 8,122 injuries, 149,528 destroyed homes and affected over 1.5 million people. Assistance from 14 countries, six worldwide organizations and the U.S. Armed Forces helped El Salvador recover. Now, U.S. Army South joins 300 participants from 22 Caribbean, Central and South American Nations in the U.S. Southern Command sponsored exercise Fuerzas Aliadas Humanitaria '02 (Allied Forces Humanitarian '02) Feb. 25 to March 8 at the Francisco Morazan Military Academy in Tegucigalpa, Honduras. U.S. Army South held exercise Fuerzas Aliadas Humanitaria '02 (Allied Forces Humanitarian '02) Feb. 25 to March 8, 2002 to refine disaster response procedures among 22 nations from the Caribbean, Central America and South America.

The disaster-based scenario for the exercise simulates other natural disasters, like hurricane George, with a fictitious hurricane packing 165-knot winds and causing severe damage to test problem solving, communications, technical and organizational skills of the participants. The exercise focuses on regional collaboration and allows participating countries to refine procedures in their emergency operation centers.

Participating countries include; Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Dominican Republic, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, Trinidad and Tobago, Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela and the United States of America. The approximate cost of the exercise is $2.5 million.

Fuerzas Aliadas Cabanas '02

This exercise began on Oct 16, 2002.

The main objective of Cabanas 2002 Chile was to provide an opportunity for all participating nations to take part in combined readiness training exercises centered around peacekeeping operational tasks. It also served to demonstrate U .S. commitment for continual support toward strengthening relations with other American nations. The military personnel of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and the United States had the chance to: improve their skills in a combined scenario while supporting the corresponding military functions and shaping cooperation to increase regional security. The exercise also provided a forum to foster a regional focus though the sharing of subjects of common interest and to encourage human rights.

At its peak, the exercise had 1,300 personnel (civilian and military) taking part from Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and the United States. This exercise served to increase the state of readiness of participating units in combined multinational peacekeeping operations. Each country's delegation carried out a total of 33 tasks relating to peacekeeping duties as approved by the UN. These include clearing a minefield, tactics, civilian-military operations, convoy duties, security, and general operations. The exercises were being carried out in Chile to allow the U .S. and other nations to gain experience and training in deployments, combined operations and logistical operations in support of these deployments.

All the participating nations acquired valuable training regarding multinational peace- keeping operations while members of the coalition armed forces had a chance to share experiences and cultures.



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