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Cooperative Best Effort

Cooperative Best Effort 98 was a NATO Partnership for Peace squad-level interoperability exercise conducted in the Krivolak Training Area of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia from 11 to 18 September 1998. Cooperative Best Effort 98 was directed by Allied Forces Northwest Europe and included more than 700 personnel from 28 different countries. Approximately 240 U.S. European Command personnel participated in the exercise. The purpose of the exercise was to improve and exchange light infantry peace support skills at the squad level in a variety of peace support settings.

U.S. Participants included elements of the 1st Infantry Division, including an infantry squad from the 1-18th Infantry. Elements of the 22nd Marine Expeditionary Unit deployed, including a four-man parachute team to participate in the opening ceremony on 12 September. A total of 48 Marines, eight helicopters and two AV-8B Harrier IIs to support a noncombatant evacuation demonstration on 12 September, along with 30 Marines to participate in a static-line parachute demonstration on 13 September. About 25 personnel and two C-130 aircraft from U.S. Air Forces Europe, deployed to support and participate in the opening ceremony and demonstrations on 12-13 September.

Other nations participating in Cooperative Best Effort 98 included the NATO members Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. NATO partners participating are Albania, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Georgia, Hungary, Latvia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovak Republic, and the Ukraine.

Exercise Cooperative Best Effort (CBE 2000) provided training to participants for peace support operations. This major training exercise involving forces from 8 NATO nations (Canada, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States of America) together with forces from 10 partner nations (Austria, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (1), Georgia, Lithuania, Moldova, Romania, Slovakia and the Ukraine), took place in Cluj-Napoca, Romania from 11 September to 22 September 2000. Overall, about 1200 troops were involved in CBE 2000. Four hundred troops from the 18 nations trained during the exercise, while the host nation, Romania, provided an additional 800 troops to support the training.

CBE 2000 aimed to exchange and develop individual and small-unit skills in peace support operations. Soldiers will train at section, platoon, and company levels, in a variety of peacekeeping settings such as manning and negotiating road blocks, mine, bomb and booby-trap threats, first aid, dealing with the media and obstacle crossing.

Partnership for peace is a process that brings NATO allies and partners together in a vast program of joint defense and security-related activities. It was launched in 1994 with the goal of increasing stability and security throughout Europe. The exercise was under direction and co-ordination of the Commander-in-Chief, Allied Forces Southern Europe, Admiral James Ellis (CINCSOUTH). The Romanian 4th Army Corps Commanded by Corps General Gheorghiu Dorin, was given the responsibility of running the exercise. The exercise headquarters was located in Cluj-Napoca and field training was conducted in the Someseni and Bogata training areas.

Military personnel from seven NATO nations and fourteen Partnership for Peace (PfP) nations participated in exercise COOPERATIVE BEST EFFORT 2001 (CBE-01) scheduled to take place from 10 to 21 September in Austria.

The exercise was based on a fictitious NATO-led, UN-mandated Peace Support Operation (PSO) in a mountainous area, 'Mountainia, where, according to the scenario, the troops aimed to provide a safe and secure environment to allow free and democratic elections to take place on 30th September 2001.

CBE-O1 was held in the Seetaler Alpe Training Area and enabled training of multinational troops in a variety of skills required to successfully carry out the PSO mission. The main training objective is the exercising of light infantry skills in such typical PSO tasks as running command and observation posts, check points, patrolling, medical evacuation, mine awareness, search operations and convoy escorts.

Exercise participants were drawn from the following NATO member nations: Canada, Greece, Italy, Poland, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States of America, and from the following PFP nations: Austria, Armenia Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (1), Georgia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldovia, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine and Uzbekistan.

CBE-O1 was held in the framework of the PfP program and was the latest in an annual series aimed at fostering understanding and interoperability between NATO and Partner nations and improving effectiveness in the field. The PfP programme is a major initiative first introduced by NATO in 1994 and currently has 24 participants. CBE-O1 was scheduled by Admiral James O. Ellis, Jr., Commander-in-Chief, Allied Forces Southern Europe (CINCSOUTH) and was conducted by Lieutenant General Panagiotis Harvalas, Commander of Joint Command South Centre (COMJCSC).

Nearly 600 troops from 14 countries deployed to a Georgian military base to take part in annual NATO military exercises. The small unit land exercises, dubbed Cooperative Best Effort 2002, took place from 17-28 June 2002 at Camp Vaziani outside of Tbilisi.



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