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SIGNIFICANT DATES

DATEEVENT
7th centurySlavs arrive in present B-H
958Earliest known written mention of Bosnia
1102Hungarian King becomes King of Croatia; Hungarian rule in Bosnia
c.1160-70Byzantine reconquest
1180sBosnia mentioned as independent by Byzantine chronicler
1180-1204Ban Kulin
1353-1391Ban Tvrtko I; Under him, medieval Bosnia reaches its greatest territorial extent.
1377Tvrtko I crowned King of Bosnia
1388First Turkish invasion defeated, but others follow
1404-9; 1421-1443King Tvrtko II Tvrtkovic; Turks involved in Bosnian politics
1443-1461King Tomas Ostojic
1448Herceg (Duke) Stefan revolts, establishing "Hercegovina"
1461-1463King Stefan II Tomasevic
1462Turkish Sarajevo founded by Isa-bey Isakovic
1463 Turkish invasion captures Jajce; King Stefan Tomasevic captured and killed; End of Bosnian Kingdom
1481Last fortress in Hercegovina falls to Turks
1688Austrian invasion under Prince Eugene of Savoy; Sarajevo burned
1878Congress of Berlin permits Austro-Hungarian occupation of Bosnia
1908Bosnia-Herzegovina annexed by Austria-Hungary
1914Assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip (28 June)
1918Austria-Hungary dissolved; Bosnia-Herzegovina joins Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
1929Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes becomes Yugoslavia; Bosnia disappears as administrative unit.
1939Much of Bosnia joined to newly-created Banovina of Croatia
1941Axis invasion and destruction of Yugoslavia; Croatian Ustashi proclaim Independent State of Croatia including all of Bosnia
1943Anti-Fascist Council for National Liberation of Yugoslavia (AVNOJ) Proclamation at Jajce
1945Bosnia-Herzegovina becomes constituent republic of Federal Yugoslavia under Tito
1980Tito dies
1987-88Serbian leaders openly adopt nationalist politics
1988-89Nationalism spreads to other Republics; Communists weakened; multi-party elections called
1990Multiparty elections in Bosnia establish first noncommunist government under Alija Izetbegovic; ethnic parties dominate Parliament
1991Croatia and Slovenia declare independence from Yugoslavia (25 June)
1991UN imposes arms embargo on Croatia, Slovenia, and Yugoslavia (25 September)
1992European Community recognizes Croatia and Slovenia (15 January)
1992Bosnian referendum on independence (28 February-1 March)
1992First Serb barricades appear in Sarajevo (1 March)
1992Bosnia-Herzegovina declares independence (3 March)
1992European Community recognizes Bosnia-Herzegovina (6 April)
1992U.S. recognizes Croatia, Slovenia and Bosnia-Herzegovina (7 April)
1992Croatia, Slovenia and Bosnia-Herzegovina admitted to UN General Assembly (22 May)
1992UN imposes mandatory economic sanctions on Serbia and Montenegro (30 May)
1992UN troops take control of Sarajevo Airport (29 June)
1993Fighting begins between Bosnian government and Bosnian Croats (April)
1993UN designates six safe areas to be free from armed attack (6 May)
1993UN authorizes UNPROFOR to use force to protect safe areas (4 June)
1993Bosnian Croat artillery destroys Mostar's Old Bridge (9 November)
1994Sarajevo Market attack (5 February) produces NATO ultimatum to Bosnian Serbs to withdraw heavy weapons (9 February)
1994Washington Agreement ends fighting between Bosnian Croats and Government (1 March)
1995Sarajevo Airport again closed when Serb shots hit aid plane (8 April; remains closed to 15 September)
1995International War Crimes Tribunal in The Hague issues war crimes indictments of Bosnian Serb leaders Radovan Karadzic and Ratko Mladic (24 April)
1995Bosnian Serbs take UN personnel hostage to block NATO air strikes (May-June)
1995 Zepa and Srebrenica "safe areas" overrun (July)
1995Croatia retakes Croatian Serb-occupied West Slavonia (July)
1995Croatia retakes Croatian Serb-occupied Krajina (early August)
1995U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Holbrooke begins shuttle diplomacy (August)
1995Three members of Holbrooke delegation killed on Mount Igman (19 August)
1995New Sarajevo market shelling kills over 37 (28 August)
1995NATO begins massive bombing of Bosnian Serb military targets (30 August)
1995Cease-fire takes effect (12 October)
1995International War Crimes Tribunal issues war crimes indictments of Bosnian Croat leaders Dario Kordic and Tihomir Blaskic (13 November)
1995Dayton Agreement initialed (21 November)
1995Dayton Agreement signed in Paris (14 December)


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Politics, Government, Political Parties, and Key Political Leaders



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