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APPENDIX A

DESERT COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD

This appendix provides brief descriptions of notable deserts of the world. Detailed information can be obtained from a terrain analysis from the Defense Intelligence Agency and the relevant volume of the DA Pamphlet 550-series. See Figure A-1 for desert locations of the world.


NOTABLE DESERTS OF THE WORLD

ARABIAN (EASTERN) 70,000 square miles In Egypt between the Nile River and Red Sea, extending southward into the Sudan
ATACAMA600 miles long In northern Chile
CHIHUAHUA 140,000 square miles In New Mexico, Texas, Arizona and Mexico
COLORADO7,500 square miles South of the Mojave desert, along the Colorado River in southern California
DEATH VALLEY 3,300 square miles In eastern California and southwest Nevada
GIBSON120,000 square miles In the interior of western Australia
GOBI500,000 square miles In Mongolia and China
GREAT SANDY 150,000 square miles In western Australia
GREAT VICTORIA 150,000 square miles In western and southern Australia
KALAHARI225,000 square miles In southern Africa
KARA-KUM 120,000 square miles In Turkmenia (former Soviet Union)
KAVIR400 miles long In central Iran
KYZL KUM100,000 square miles Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan (former Soviet Union)
LUT20,000 square miles In eastern Iran
MOJAVE15,000 square miles In southern California
NAFUD40,000 square miles Near Jawf in Saudi Arabia
NAMIB800 miles long Along the southwest coast of Africa
NUBIAN 100,000 square miles In the Sahara in northeast Sudan
PAINTED DESERT 150 miles long In northern Arizona In northern Arizona
SAHARA3,500,000 square miles In Northern Africa extending westward to the Atlantic (largest desert in the world)
SIMPSON40,000 square miles In central Australia
SONORAN70,000 square miles In southwest Arizona and southeast California
SYRIAN 100,000 square miles In northern Saudi Arabia eastern Jordan, southern Syria, and western Iraq


AUSTRALIA

DESERTS: GIBSON, GREAT SANDY, GREAT VICTORIA, SIMPSON
AUSTRALIA - GENERAL INFORMATION
Area 2,967,895 sq mi
Population Growth 1.17 %
Population Density 5/sq mi
Capital City CANBERRA

AUSTRALIA - MAJOR CITIES
Population Latitude,
Longitude
CANBERRA 274,000 35.18S, 149.08E
Sydney3,441,000 33.53S, 151.10E
Melbourne 2,949,00037.45S, 144.58E
Brisbane1,169,000 27.30S, 153.00E
Perth1,001,000 31.57S, 115.52E
Adelaide 987,000 34.56S, 138.36E
Newcastle 423,00017.20S, 133.21E
Wollongong 238,00017.13s, 137.57E
Gold Coast 208,00027.59S, 153.22E
Hobart 180,000 42.54S, 147.18E
Geelong 150,000 38.10S, 144.26E

AUSTRALIA - LANGUAGES, ETHNIC GROUPS AND RELIGIONS
Languages English
Aborigine

Ethnic Groups White95%
Asian 4%
Aborigine and Other

1%
Religions Anglican 26%
Catholic 26%
Other Christian 24%
Other 24%

SOUTH AMERICA

CHILE
DESERTS: ATACAMA
CHILE - GENERAL INFORMATION
Area756,945 sq km
Population Growth 1.49 %
Population Density 17 /sq km

CHILE - MAJOR CITIES
Population Latitude,
Longitude
SANTIAGO4,320,000 33.30s, 70.40W
Vina del Mar 320,00033.02S, 71.35W
Valparaiso 273,00033.05s, 71.40W
Talcahuano 225,00036.40S, 73.10W
Conception 281,00036.50S, 73.03W
Antofagasta 203,000 23.40S, 70.23W
Temuco 175,000 38.45S, 72.40W
Rancagua 157,000 34.10s, 70.45W
Talca 145,000 35.28S, 71.40W
Chillan 130,000 36.37S, 72.10W
Arica 158,000 18.30S, 70.20W

CHILE - LANGUAGES, ETHNIC GROUPS AND RELIGIONS
Languages Spanish

Ethnic Groups European and Mestizo 95 %
Native American 3%
Other

2%
Religions catholic89%
Protestant and Other 11 %

ASIA

CHINA
DESERTS: GOBI
CHINA - GENERAL INFORMATION
Area9,600,000 Sq km
Population Growth 1.24 %
Population Density 113 /sq km
Capital City BEIJING

CHINA - MAJOR CITIES
Population Latitude,
Longitude
BEIJING6,000,000 39.55N, 116.26E
Shanghai7,000,000 31.06N, 121.22E
Tianjin5,400,000 39.08N, 117.12E
Shenyang4,200,000 41.50N, 123.26E
Wuhan3,400,000 36.45N, 114.15E
Guangzhou 3,300,00023.08N, 113.20E
Chongqing 2,800,00029.30N, 106.35E
Harbin2,630,000 45.45N, 126.41E
Chengdu2,580,000 30.37N, 104.O6E
Nanjing 2,250,000 32.03N, 118.47E

CHINA - LANGUAGES, ETHNIC GROUPS AND RELIGIONS
Languages Mandarin
Cantonese
Shanghainese
Fuzhou
Minnan and Other

Ethnic Groups Han Chinese94%
Other

6%
Religions Atheist and Eclectic 97 %
Other 3%

MONGOLIA

DESERTS: GOBI
MONGOLIA - GENERAL INFORMATION
Area1,564,619 sq km
Population Growth 2.76 %
Population Density 1 /sq km
Capital City ULAN-BATOR

MONGOLIA - MAJOR CITIES
Population Latitude,
Longitude
ULAN-BATOR 511,00047.54N, 106.52E
Darhan 75,000 46.29N, 109.24E
Erdene 46,000 46.18N, 100.35E
Choybalsan 23,00048.02N, 114.32E
Nalayh15,000 47.40N, 107.12E
Ulangom15,000 49.59N, 92.00E
Uliastay14,000 47.42N, 96.52E

MONGOLIA - LANGUAGES, ETHNIC GROUPS AND RELIGIONS
Languages Khalkha Mongol
Turkish
Russian
Chinese

Ethnic Groups Mongol90%
Kazakh 4%
Chinese 2%
Russian 2%
Other

Religions Tibetan Buddhist 94%
Muslim 4%
Other 1%

PAKISTAN

DESERTS: THAR
PAKISTAN - GENERAL INFORMATION
Area803,943 sq km
Population Growth 2.70 %
Population Density 134 /sq km
Capital City ISLAMABAD

PAKISTAN - MAJOR CITIES
Population Latitude,
Longitude
ISLAMABAD 270,00033.40N, 73.08E
Karachi5,400,000 24.51N, 67.02E
Lahore3,132,000 31.34N, 74.22E
Faisalabad 888,00031.25N, 73.09E
Rawalpindi 810,00033.40N, 73.08E
Hyderabad 770,00025.23N, 68.24E
Multan 750,000 30.10N, 71.36E
Gujranwala 700,00032.06N, 74.11E
Peshawar 600,000 34.01N, 71.40E
Sialkot 31O,OOO 32.29N, 74.35E
Sargodha 300,000 32.0IN, 72.40E

PAKISTAN - LANGUAGES, ETHNIC GROUPS AND RELIGIONS
Languages Urdu
English
Punjabi
Sindhi
Pashtu and Other

Ethnic Groups Punjabi66%
Sindhi 13 %
Pashtun 9%
Baluchi and Other

12%
Religions Sunni Muslim77 %
Shi'a Muslim 20 %
Other 3%

AFGHANISTAN

DESERTS: KAR KUM
AFGHANISTAN - GENERAL INFORMATION
Area249,999 sq mi
Population Growth 2.35 %
Population Density 58 /sq mi
Capital City KABUL

AFGHANISTAN - MAJOR CITIES
Population Latitude,
Longitude
KABUL1,127,000 34.31N, 69.12E
Qandahar 195,00031.35N, 65.45E
Herat 156,000 34.20N, 62.12E
Mazar-i-Sharif 115,000 36.42N, 67.06E
Jalalabad 111,00034.26N, 70.28E
Qonduz 110,00036,45N, 68.51E
Baghlan 109,00036.11N, 68.44E
Maymana 40,00035.53N, 64.38E
Pul-i-Khomri 35,000 35.55N, 68.45E
Ghazni 32,000 33.33N, 68.26E


AFGHANISTAN - LANGUAGES, ETHNIC GROUPS AND RELIGIONS
Languages Pashtu
Dari
Turkish Languages
Baluchi
Pashai

Ethnic Groups Pashtun50 %
Tajik 25 %
Uzbek 9%
Hazara 9%
Other

7 %
Religions Sunni Muslim74%
Shi'a Muslim 15 %
Other 11 %

SOUTHWEST ASIA

EGYPT

DESERTS: SAHARA
EGYPT - GENERAL INFORMATION
Area1,001,449 sq km
Population Growth 2.65 %
Population Density 53 /sq km
Capital City CAIRO

EGYPT - MAJOR CITIES
Population Latitude,
Longitude
CAIRO11,000,000 30.03N, 31.15E
Alexandria 2,905,00031.13N, 29.55E
Giza 1,640,000 30.01N, 31.10E
Shoubra El-Kheima 497,000 30.06N, 31.15E
El Mahalla El Koubra 355,000 30.59N, 31.10E
Tanta 344,000 30.48N, 31.00E
Port Said 364,00031.17N, 32.18E
El-Mansoura 260,00031,03N, 31.23E
Asyut 257,000 27.14N, 31.07E
Zagazig 256,000 30.35N, 31.30E
Suez 274,000 29.59N, 32.33E

EGYPT - LANGUAGES, ETHNIC GROUPS AND RELIGIONS
Languages Arabic
English
French

Ethnic Groups Eastern Hamitic 90%
Other

10%
Religions Sunni Muslim94%
Other 6%

IRAN

DESERTS: KAVIR, LUT
IRAN - GENERAL INFORMATION
Area1,648,000 sq km
Population Growth 3.23 %
Population Density 32 /sq km
Capital City TEHRAN

IRAN - MAJOR CITIES
Population Latitude,
Longitude
TEHRAN6,028,000 35.40N, 51.26E
Mashad1,120,000 36.41N, 52.39E
Isfahan930,000 32.41N, 51.41E
Tabriz855,000 38.05N, 46.18E
Shiraz801,000 29.38N, 52.34E
Bakhtaran 535,00031.28N, 54.54E
Karaj527,000 35.48N, 50.58E
Ahwaz471,000 31.17N, 48.43E
Qom425,000 34.39N, 50.57E
Abadan329,000 30.20N, 48.15E

IRAN - LANGUAGES, ETHNIC GROUPS AND RELIGIONS
Languages Farsi
Turkish
Kurdish
Arabic
English

Ethnic Groups Persian63 %
Turkish 18%
Kurdish 3%
Arab and Other

16%
Religions Shi'a Muslim93%
Sunni Muslim 5%
Bahai and Other 2%

IRAQ

DESERTS: ARABIAN
IRAQ - GENERAL INFORMATION
Area434,924 sq km
Population Growth 3.53 %
Population Density 40 /sq km
Capital City BAGHDAD

IRAQ - MAJOR CITIES
Population Latitude,
Longitude
BAGHDAD3,250,000 33,20N, 44.26E
Basra1,600,000 30,30N, 47.50E
Mosul1,250,000 36,21N, 43.08E
Kirkuk535,000 35.28N, 44.26E
An Najaf141,000 31.59N, 44.19E
Erbil99,000 36.12N, 44.01E

IRAQ - LANGUAGES, ETHNIC GROUPS AND RELIGIONS
Languages Arabic
Kurdish
Assyrian
Armenian

Ethnic Groups Arab75 %
Kurdish 17 %
Other

8%
Religions Shi'a Muslim62%
Sunni Muslim 35 %
Christian and Other 3%

LIBYA

DESERTS: SAHARA
LIBYA - GENERAL INFORMATION
Area1,759,540 sq km
Population Growth 3.08 %
Population Density 2 /sq km
Capital City TRIPOLI

LIBYA - MAJOR CITIES
Population Latitude,
Longitude
TRIPOLI610,000 32.49N, 13.07E
Misurata320,000 32.07N, 20.04E
Benghazi103,000 32.23N, 15.06E
Azzawiya 94,000 32.45N, 12.44E
Al-Beida 77,000 32.49N, 12.45E
Agedabia 51,000 30.48N, 20.15E
Dama 48,000 32.40N, 22.35E
Sebha 41,000 27.09N, 14.29E
Tubruq 35,000 32.05N, 20.30E
A1-Marj 30,000 32.25N, 20.30E
Zeleiten 26,000 32.28N, 14.34E

LIBYA - LANGUAGES, ETHNIC GROUPS AND RELIGIONS
Languages Arabic
Italian
English

Ethnic Groups Arab Berber97%
Other

3%
Religions Sunni Muslim97%
Other 3%

SYRIA

DESERTS: SYRIAN
SYRIA - GENERAL INFORMATION
Area185,180 sq km
Population Growth 3.74 %
Population Density 62 /sq km
Capital City DAMASCUS

SYRIA - MAJOR CITIES
Population Latitude,
Longitude
DAMASCUS1,250,000 33.30N, 36.19E
Aleppo1,200,000 36.14N, 37.10E
Helms430,000 34.44N, 37.17E
Latakaia240,000 35.31N, 35.47E
Hama200,000 35.05N, 36.40E
Deir ez-Zor 106,00035.20N, 40.05E
Rakka90,000 35.57N, 39.03E
Hasakeh74,000 36.32N, 40.44E
Tartous53,000 34.55N, 35.52E
Edleb52,000 35.56N, 37.21E
Dera'a50,000 32.37N, 36.06E

SYRIA - LANGUAGES, ETHNIC GROUPS AND RELIGIONS
Languages Arabic
Kurdish
Armenian
French
English

Ethnic Groups Arab 90%
Kurdish and Other

10%
Religions Sunni Muslim 74 %
Other Muslim 16 %
Christian 10%

JORDAN

DESERTS: SYRIAN
JORDAN - GENERAL INFORMATION
Area91,880 sq km
Population Growth 3.62 %
Population Density 31 /sq km
Capital City AMMAN

JORDAN - MAJOR CITIES
Population Latitude,
Longitude
AMMAN813,000 31.57N, 35.56E
Zarqa277,000 32.04N, 36.06E
Irbid141,000 32.33N, 35.51E
Ajhm47,000 32.20N, 35.45E
Jarash32,000 32.17N, 35.45E
Madaba26,000 31.44N, 35.48E

JORDAN - LANGUAGES, ETHNIC GROUPS AND RELIGIONS
Languages Arabic
English

Ethnic Groups Arab98%
Circassian 1%
Armenian

1%
Religions Sunni Muslim 95%
Christian 5%

DESERTS: ARABIAN
SAUDI ARABIA - GENERAL INFORMATION
Area2,149,690 sq km
Population Growth 4.16 %
Population Density 7 /sq km
Capital City RIYADH

SAUDI ARABIA - MAJOR CITIES
Population Latitude,
Longitude
RIYADH1,976,000 24.39N, 46.46E
Jeddah1,084,000 21.30N, 39.10E
Mecca 810,000 21.26N, 39.49E
Taif 300,000 21.15N, 40.21E
Medina 250,000 24.30N, 39.35E
Dammam 175,000 26.25N, 50.06E
Hufuf 120,000 25.20N, 49.34E
Tabouk 80,000 28,22N, 36.32E
Buraidah 75,000 26.20N, 43.59E
Al-Mobarraz 60,00025.26N, 49.37E
Kharmis-Mushait 54,000 18.19N, 42.45E

SAUDI ARABIA - LANGUAGES, ETHNIC GROUPS AND RELIGIONS
Languages Arabic

Ethnic Groups Arab90%
Afro-Asian

10%
Religions Muslim99%
Other 1%

SOUTH AFRICA

BOTSWANA

DESERTS: KALAHARI
BOTSWANA - GENERAL INFORMATION
Area231,804 sq mi
Population1988 1,190,000
Population Growth 3.49 %
Population Density 5 /sq mi
Capital City GABORONE

BOTSWANA - MAJOR CITIES
Population Latitude,
Longitude
GABORONE95,000 24.45S, 25.55E
Francistown 34,00021.07S, 27.32E
Selebi-Phikwe 33,00021.58S, 27.48E
Serowe25,000 22.25S, 26.44E
Mahalapye 22,00023.05S, 26.51E
Molepolole 21,00024.25S, 25.30E
Kanye20,000 24.59S, 25.19E
Lobatse20,000 25.11S, 25.40E
Mochudi19,000 24.28S, 26.05E
Mauri15,000 20.00S, 23.25E
Ramotswa 14,00024.56S, 25.50E

BOTSWANA - LANGUAGES, ETHNIC GROUPS AND RELIGIONS
Languages English
Setswana

Ethnic Groups Batswana95 %
Bushmen 4%
European

1%
Religions Indigenous Beliefs 50 %
Christian 50 %

NAMIBIA

DESERTS: KALAHARA
NAMIBIA - GENERAL INFORMATION
Area318,261 sq mi
Population Growth 5.30 %
Population Density 4 /sq mi
Capital City WINDHOEK

NAMIBIA - MAJOR CITIES
Population Latitude,
Longitude
WINDHOEK100,000 22.34S, 17.06E
Tsumeb 13,000 19.13S, 17.42E
Keetmanshoop 11,00026.36S, 18.08E
Otjiwarongo 9,00020.29S, 16.36E
Luderitz 8,000 26.38S, 15.10E
Swakopmund 7,000 22.40S, 14.34E

NAMIBIA - LANGUAGES, ETHNIC GROUPS AND RELIGIONS
Languages Afrikaans
German
English
African Languages

Ethnic Groups Black86%
White 7%
Mixed

7%
Religions Christian60%
Indigenous Beliefs 40%

SOUTH AFRICA

DESERTS: KALAHARI
SOUTH AFRICA - GENERAL INFORMATION
Area471,443 sq mi
Population Growth 2.20 %
Population Density 74 /sq mi
Capital City PRETORIA

SOUTH AFRICA - MAJOR CITIES
Population Latitude,
Longitude
PRETORIA800,000 25.45S, 28.12E
Cape Town 860,00033.56S, 18.28E
Durban810,000 29.53S, 31.00E
Johannesburg 770,00026.10S, 28.02E
Port Elizabeth 300,00033.58S, 25.36E
Roodepoort 210,00026.10S, 27.53E
Umhlazi180,000 29.53S, 31.00E
Germiston 140,00026.15S, 28.10E
Pietermaritzburg 130,00029.36S, 30.24E
Boksburg120,000 26.13S, 28.15E
Bloemfontein 110,000 29.07S, 26.14E

SOUTH AFRICA - LANGUAGES, ETHNIC GROUPS AND RELIGIONS
LanguageAfrikaans
English
Zulu
Xhosa
Sotho and Other

Ethnic Groups African 70%
White 18%
Mixed 9%
East Indian

3%
Religions Christian 60%
Hindu 2%
Muslim and Other 38%



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