Military

*FM 7-20

FIELD MANUAL
No. 7-20
HEADQUARTERS
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
Washington, DC, 6 April 1992

FM 7-20

THE INFANTRY BATTALION

IMPORTANT
U.S. Army Infantry School Statement on
U.S. NATIONAL POLICY CONCERNING ANTIPERSONNEL LAND MINES

Table of Contents


Change 1, 29 December 2000

PREFACE

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION

Section I - The Role of the Infantry Battalion

1-1. The AirLand Battle

1-2. Fundamentals of the AirLand Battle

1-3. Combat Power

1-4. Mission

Section II - Operating Systems

1-5. Intelligence System

1-6. Maneuver System

1-7. Fire Support System

1-8. Mobility/Countermobility/Survivability System

1-9. Air Defense System

1-10. Combat Service Support System

1-11. Command and Control System

CHAPTER 2 - COMMAND AND CONTROL

Section I - Command and Control System

2-1. Elements of Command and Control

2-2. Command

2-3. Control

2-4. Commander's Authority

2-5. Commander's Presence

2-6. Commander's Leadership

2-7. Commander's Intent

2-8. Mission Tactics

2-9. Mission Orders

2-10. Main Effort

2-11. Chain of Command

2-12. Command Relationships

2-13. Support Relationships

2-14. Organization

Section II - Command and Control Process

2-15. Planning

2-16. Decision-Making Process

2-17. Troop-Leading Procedures

2-18. Receipt of Mission

2-19. Issuance of Warning Order

2-20. Tentative Plan

2-21. Initiation of Movement

2-22. Reconnaissance

2-23. Completion of Plan

2-24. Issuance of OPORD

2-25. Supervision and Refinement

Section III - Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield

2-26. Role of IPB

2-27. Five Functions of IPB Process

2-28. Intelligence Collection Process

Section IV - Command and Control During Battle

2-29. Planning

2-30. Preparation

2-31. Execution

CHAPTER 3 - OFFENSIVE OPERATIONS

Section I - Doctrine

3-1. Purpose

3-2. Characteristics of Offensive Operations

3-3. Offensive Framework

3-4. Forms of Maneuver

Section II - Offensive Planning

3-5. Scheme of Maneuver

3-6. Fire Support

3-7. Task Organization

3-8. Offensive Concept Development

3-9. Breaching Operations

3-10. Limited Visibility Operations

Section III - Movement to Contact

3-11. Planning

3-12. Approach March Technique

3-13. Search-and-Attack Technique

3-14. Actions on Contact

Section IV - Attacks

3-15. Hasty Attack

3-16. Deliberate Attack

3-17. Attack of Fortified Positions and Strongpoints

3-18. Task Organization

3-19. Sequence of Attack

3-20. The Assault

3-21. Culminating Point

3-22. Consolidation and Reorganization

Section V - Other Offensive Operations

3-23. Follow-and-Support Operations

3-24. Exploitation

3-25. Pursuit

CHAPTER 4 - DEFENSIVE OPERATIONS

Section I - Doctrine

4-1. Purpose

4-2. Characteristics of Defensive Operations

4-3. Defensive Framework

Section II - Planning and Preparation

4-4. Commander's Intent

4-5. Development of Defensive Concept

4-6. Limited Visibility Operations

Section III - Counterreconnaissance

4-7. Planning

4-8. Execution

4-9. Displacement of the Counterreconnaissance Force

Section IV - Conduct of Operations

4-10. Occupation

4-11. Priority of Work

4-12. Sequence of the Defense

4-13. Counterattacks

4-14. Spoiling Attacks

4-15. Integration of Combat Support

4-16. Consolidation and Reorganization

Section V - Types of Defense

4-17. Defense of a Sector

4-18. Defense from a Battle Position

4-19. Reverse Slope Defense

4-20. Perimeter Defense

4-21. Linear Defense

4-22. Defense of a Strongpoint

4-23. Defense Against Infiltration

4-24. Defense Against Air Attack

CHAPTER 5 - RETROGRADE OPERATIONS

Section I - Doctrine

5-1. Purpose

5-2. Types of Retrograde Operations

5-3. Planning

Section II - Delay Operations

5-4. Purpose

5-5. Fundamentals

5-6. Degrees of Risk

5-7. Methods of Delay

5-8. METT-T Analysis

5-9. Planning

5-10. Conduct of a Delay

Section III - Withdrawal Operations

5-11. Purpose

5-12. METT-T Analysis

5-13. Planning

5-14. Conduct of a Withdrawal

5-15. Withdrawal Not Under Enemy Pressure

5-16. Withdrawal Under Enemy Pressure

Section IV - Retirement Operations

5-17. Purpose

5-18. METT-T Analysis

5-19. Planning

5-20. Conduct of a Retirement

CHAPTER 6 - OTHER TACTICAL OPERATIONS

Section I - Passage of Lines

6-1. Purpose

6-2. Planning

6-3. Conduct of a Rearward Passage

6-4. Conduct of a Forward Passage

Section II - Relief Operations

6-5. Purpose

6-6. METT-T Analysis

6-7. Conduct of a Relief

6-8. Liaision

6-9. Sequence

6-10. Reconnaissance and Surveillance

6-11. Locations and Types of Obstacles

6-12. Fire Support Assets/Plan

6-13. Movement Control

6-14. Passage of Command

6-15. Enemy Contact During a Relief in Place

6-16. Exchange of Equipment

6-17. Security and Deception

6-18. Relief Order

Section III - Breakout from Encirclement

6-19. Purpose

6-20. METT-T Analysis

6-21. Preparation

6-22. Organization

6-23. Conduct of a Breakout from Encirclement

6-24. Support to Encircled Companies

Section IV - Linkup Operations

6-25. Purpose

6-26. Planning

6-27. Conduct of a Linkup

6-28. Stay-Behind/Hide Forces

6-29. Stay-Behind/Hide Force Scenario

CHAPTER 7 - COMBAT SUPPORT

Section I - Indirect Fire Support

7-1. Mission

7-2. Planning

7-3. Top-Down Fire Planning

7-4. Schedule of Fires

7-5. Field Artillery

7-6. Mortars

7-7. Naval Gunfire

Section II - Tactical Air Support

7-8. Planning

7-9. Employment

7-10. Suppression of Enemy Air Defense

7-11. Joint Air Attack Team

Section III - Aviation Support

7-12. Army Aviation

7-13. Employment

Section IV - Air Defense Support

7-14. Support Relationships and Missions

7-15. Air Defense Weapons Systems

7-16. Employment Considerations

Section V - Engineer Support

7-17. Planning

7-18. Capabilities

7-19. Offensive Operations

7-20. Defensive Operations

7-21. Fighting as Infantry

Section VI - Intelligence and Electronic Warfare Support

7-22. Interrogation Team

7-23. Ground Surveillance Radar

7-24. Remote Sensor Teams

Section VII - Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical

7-25. Avoidance

7-26. Operations

7-27. Use of Smoke

Section VIII - Other Combat Support

7-28. Scout Platoon

7-29. Antiarmor Company and Platoons

7-30. MK 19 40-mm Grenade Machine Gun

7-31. MMWV Interchangeable Mount System

CHAPTER 8 - COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT

Section I - Organizations and Functions

8-1. Categories of Combat Service Support

8-2. Sources of Combat Service Support

8-3. S1 Section

8-4. S4 Section

8-5. Medical Platoon

8-6. Support Platoon

8-7. Maintenance Platoon/Section, Light Infantry Battalions

8-8. Maintenance Platoon/Section, Other Infantry Battalions

Section II - Planning

8-9. Principles of Combat Service Support

8-10. Support of the Offense

8-11. Support of the Defense

8-12. Continuous Support

8-13. Battalion Logistical Estimate

8-14. Soldier's Load

Section III - Missions and Operations

8-15. Battalion Trains

8-16. Resupply Techniques

8-17. Trains Security

8-18. Command and Control

8-19. Communications

Section IV - Supply System

8-20. Operations

8-21. Classes

Section V - Maintenance Support

8-22. Terminology

8-23. Categories of Maintenance

8-24. Maintenance Program

Section VI - Field Services

8-25. Mortuary Affairs

8-26. Clothing Exchange and Bath Services

8-27. Salvage

8-28. Laundry and Renovation

8-29. Airdrop

Section VII - Personnel Support

8-30. Personnel Services Support

8-31. Religious Support

8-32. Legal Services Support

8-33. Finance Support

8-34. Public Affairs Support

8-35. Health Services Support

8-36. Disposition of Enemy Prisoners of War

APPENDIX A - BATTALION TACTICAL STANDING OPERATING PROCEDURE

APPENDIX B - COMMAND AND CONTROL RESPONSIBILITIES AND FACILITIES

APPENDIX C - THE INFANTRY BATTALION IN LOW-INTENSITY CONFLICT

APPENDIX D - MECHANIZED-ARMOR/LIGHT AND SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES

APPENDIX E - SNIPER EMPLOYMENT

APPENDIX F - CASUALTY EVACUATION

APPENDIX G - URBAN OPERATIONS

GLOSSARY

REFERENCES

AUTHORIZATION LETTER


DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

*This publication supersedes FM 7-20, 28 December 1984; and FM 7-72, 16 March 1987.



NEWSLETTER
Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list