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Military

*FM 55-20

Field Manual
NO. 55-20
Headquarters
Department of the Army
Washington, DC, 1 June 2000

FM 55-20

Rail Transport in a Theater of Operations

Table of Contents


Preface

Chapter 1 - RAIL TRANSPORT OPERATIONS

Section I -- Operations

Railway Service in the Theater

Establishment of Rail Operations

Phases of Operation

Methods of Operation

Use of Existing Facilities

Section II -- Responsibilities

Security

Communications and Automatic Data Processing

Section III -- Organization

Transport Units

Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, Transportation Railway Battalion (TOE 55916L)

Transportation Railway Operating Company (TOE 55917L)

Transportation Railway Engineering Company (TOE 55918L)

Transportation Railway Equipment Maintenance Company (TOE 55919L)

Chapter 2 - RAILWAY TRAIN OPERATIONS

Operating and Safety Rules

Communications System

Operation of Trains

Track Facilities

Car Allocation and Distribution

Records and Reports

Ports

Chapter 3 - RAIL OPERATIONS IN LOW-INTENSITY CONFLICTS

Role of the Rail Unit

Unconventional Operations

Defense Measures

Attacks on the Right-of-Way

Train Operations

Armored Trains and Cars

Countermeasures

Chapter 4 - RAIL DISPATCHING OPERATIONS AND PROCEDURES

Dispatching Operations

Combined Register of Trains and Comparisons of Watches (DA Form 4090-R)

Single-Track, Double-Track, and Multiple-Track Operations

Dispatching Personnel

Timetable

Loss of Timetable Schedule

Superiority and Right

Train Orders

Orders Affecting Scheduled Trains

Clearance Form "A"

Train Registers

Track Warrants and Bulletins

Track Bulletin (DA Form 5706-R)

Extra Trains

Centralized Traffic Control

Chapter 5 - MAIN LINE OPERATIONS AND PROCEDURES

Train Operating Company Personnel

Calling and Reporting

Train Crew Duties

Departure Procedures

Locomotive Instruments and Controls

Automatic Signal Systems

Signals and Markers

Clerical Work and Car Movements

Safety Measures

Chapter 6 - YARD AND TERMINAL OPERATIONS AND PROCEDURES

Rail Yards

Terminal Facilities

Tracks and Yard Characteristics

Yard Personnel Duties and Responsibilities

Freight Grouping and Classification

Bill Rack

Chapter 7 - RAILWAY STRUCTURE, RECONNAISSANCE, CONSTRUCTION, AND REHABILITATION

Track and Structures

Components and Functions

Track Tools

Effects of Terrain on Track Alignment and Profile

Structures

Effects of Cold Weather

Track Obstructions

Construction and Rehabilitation Requirements

Chapter 8 - RAILWAY EQUIPMENT

Equipment Use

Rolling Stock

Locomotive Classification

Types of Railway Equipment

Car Components

Effects of Cold Weather on Motive Power and Rolling Stock

Chapter 9 - WRECK CREWS AND EQUIPMENT

Interruptions to Rail Traffic

Wreck Trains

Safety

Safe Load Precautions

Hoisting and Lifting Materials

Equipment Recovery and Line Clearing Operations

Preliminary Procedures

Deadman

Lifts

Track Restoration

Restoring Communications

Chapter 10 - RAIL PLANNING

Railway Intelligence

Rail Operations Planning

Line Capacity Planning

Yard Capacity Determination

Railway Equipment Requirements

Personnel and Unit Requirements

Supply Requirements

Appendix A - BLANK LOCALLY REPRODUCIBLE FORMS

Appendix B - RAILWAY PLANNING EXAMPLE

Glossary

Bibliography

Authenication


Distribution Restriction: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

*This publication supersedes FM 55-20, 31 October 1986.



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