Military

FM 3-22.9 (FM 23-9)

FIELD MANUAL

HEADQUARTERS

No. 3-22.9 (FM 23-9)

DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY

 

WASHINGTON, DC, 24 APRIL 2003


FM 3-22.9


RIFLE MARKSMANSHIP
M16A1, M16A2/3, M16A4 and M4 CARBINE

CONTENTS

COVER

PREFACE

CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION AND TRAINING STRATEGY

Section

I.   Training Overview

 

1-1. Objectives

 

1-2. Training Strategy

 

1-3. Training Phases

Section

II.   Marksmanship Training Strategy

 

1-4. Mission-Essential Tasks

 

1-5. Training Assessment

 

1-6. Basic Program Implementation

 

1-7. Training the Trainer

 

1-8. Duties of the Instructor-Trainer

 

1-9. Trainer Certification Program

 

1-10. Qualification Training

 

1-11. Unit Live-Fire Exercises

 

1-12. Commander's Evaluation Guide

CHAPTER 2. CHARACTERISTICS, AMMUNITION, AND ACCESSORIES

 

2-1. Characteristics

 

2-2. Rail Adapter System

 

2-3. Rail Grabbers and MILES Training Extender

 

2-4. Backup Iron Sight

 

2-5. M68, Close-Combat Optic

 

2-6. AN/PAQ-4B/C Infrared Aiming Light

 

2-7. AN/PEQ-2A Target Pointer/Illuminator/Aiming Light

 

2-8. AN/PAS-13 (V2) Medium Thermal Weapon Sight and AN/PAS-13 (V3)
Heavy Thermal Weapon Sight

 

2-9. AN/PVS-4 Night Vision Sight

 

2-10. Borelight

 

2-11. Ammunition Types and Characteristics

CHAPTER 3. TROUBLESHOOTING AND DESTRUCTION

 

3-1. Stoppages

 

3-2. Malfunctions

 

3-3. Destruction Procedures

CHAPTER 4. PRELIMINARY RIFLE INSTRUCTION (PHASE I of Basic Rifle Marksmanship)

Section

I.   Introduction to Basic Rifle Marksmanship and Mechanical Training

 

4-1. Clearing

 

4-2. Cycles of Functioning

 

4-3. Modes of Fire

 

4-4. Peer Coaching

Section

II.   Marksmanship Fundamentals I

 

4-5. The Four Fundamentals

 

4-6. Firing Positions

 

4-7. Training Devices and Exercises

Section

III.   Marksmanship Fundamentals II

 

4-8. Weaponeer

 

4-9. Engagement Skills Trainer 2000 (EST 2000)

CHAPTER 5. DOWNRANGE FEEDBACK (PHASE II of Basic Rifle Marksmanship)

 

5-1. Grouping Procedures

 

5-2. Zeroing Procedures

 

5-3. Known-Distance Range (With or Without LOMAH)

 

5-4. Effects of Wind and Gravity

 

5-5. Ballistics

CHAPTER 6. FIELD FIRE (PHASE III of Basic Rifle Marksmanship)

Section

I.   Target Detection

 

6-1. Locating Targets

 

6-2. Marking Targets

 

6-3. Range Determination

Section

II.   Field-Fire Training (Single Timed Targets and Multiple Timed Targets)

 

6-4. Conduct of Field-Fire Range

 

6-5. Field-Fire Standards

Section

III.   Record Qualification

 

6-6. Practice Record Fire I and II

 

6-7. Practice Record Fire Standards

 

6-8. Record Fire

 

6-9. Alternate Qualification Courses

CHAPTER 7. ADVANCED RIFLE MARKSMANSHIP (PHASE IV of Basic Rifle Marksmanship)

Section

I.   Advanced Firing Positions

 

7-1. Alternate Prone Firing Position

 

7-2. Kneeling Supported Firing Position

 

7-3. Kneeling Unsupported Firing Position

 

7-4. Standing Firing Position

 

7-5. Modified Supported Firing Position

 

7-6. Urban Operations Firing Positions

 

7-7. Modified Automatic and Burst Fire Position

Section

II.   Combat Fire Techniques

 

7-8. Rapid Semiautomatic Fire

 

7-9. Automatic or Burst Fire

 

7-10. Suppressive Fire

 

7-11. Quick Fire

Section

III.   Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Firing

 

7-12. MOPP Equipment Fire Training

 

7-13. NBC Dry-Fire and Live-Fire Exercises

Section

IV.   Night Fire Training

 

7-14. Unassisted Night Fire Training

 

7-15. Unassisted Night Fire Target Detection

 

7-16. Training with Artificial Illumination

 

7-17. Unassisted Night Dry-Fire and Live-Fire Exercises

Section

V.   Moving Target Engagement

 

7-18. Moving Target Fundamentals

 

7-19. Single-Lead Rule for Moving Targets

 

7-20. Moving Target Live-Fire Exercise

 

7-21. Moving Target Techniques

Section

VI.   Short-Range Marksmanship Training

 

7-22. Conduct of Short-Range Marksmanship Training

 

7-23. Fundamentals of Short-Range Marksmanship

 

7-24. Preliminary Marksmanship Instruction

 

7-25. Phase I, Reflexive Fire Training

 

7-26. Phase II, Target Discrimination Training

 

7-27. Phase III, Short-Range Marksmanship Qualification

 

7-28. Phase IV, Shotgun and Automatic Firing Familiarization

Section

VII.   Squad Designated Marksman Training

 

7-29. Mission of the Squad Designated Marksman

 

7-30. Squad Designated Marksman Program

 

7-31. Squad Designated Marksman Skills Progression

CHAPTER 8. ADVANCED OPTICS, LASERS, AND IRON SIGHTS (PHASE V of Basic Rifle Marksmanship)

 

8-1. Training Strategies and Qualification Standards

 

8-2. Borelight

 

8-3. Back-Up Iron Sight

 

8-4. M68, Close-Combat Optic

 

8-5. AN/PAS-13 (V2), (V3) Thermal Weapon Sight

 

8-6. AN/PAQ-4B/C and AN/PEQ-2A, Infrared Aiming Lasers

 

8-7. AN/PVS-4 Night Vision Device


APPENDIX A. TRAINING AIDS AND DEVICES
APPENDIX B. SCORECARDS
APPENDIX C. LASER MARKSMANSHIP TRAINING SYSTEM
APPENDIX D. RANGE SAFETY AND RISK MANAGEMENT
APPENDIX E. RANGE PROCEDURES AND RANGE OPERATION CHECKLIST
APPENDIX F. ACTIONS, CONDITIONS, AND STANDARDS
APPENDIX G. 10-METER TARGET OFFSETS AND 25-METER ZERO OFFSETS
APPENDIX H. NIGHT FIGHTING

  GLOSSARY
  REFERENCES
  AUTHENTICATION

DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.



*This publication supersedes FM 23-9, July 1989.



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