Find a Security Clearance Job!

Military

FIELD MANUAL

HEADQUARTERS

NO. 3-21.31

DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY

 

WASHINGTON, DC, 13 March 2003


FM 3-21.31


THE STRYKER BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

CONTENTS

COVER

PREFACE

CHAPTER 1. OVERVIEW OF THE STRYKER BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Section

I.   Capabilities

 

1-1. Combined Arms Assault in the Close Fight

 

1-2. Mobility

 

1-3. Reach

 

1-4. Enhanced Situational Understanding

 

1-5. Lethality

 

1-6. Force Protection

 

1-7. Force Effectiveness

 

1-8. Joint/Multinational/Interagency Interoperability

 

1-9. Full-Spectrum Flexibility

 

1-10. Simultaneous Operations

Section

II.   How the SBCT Fights

 

1-11. Major Theater War

 

1-12. Smaller-scale Contingency

 

1-13. Peacetime Military Engagement

 

1-14. Battlefield Organization

 

1-15. Deep, Close, and Rear Areas

 

1-16. Rules of Engagement and Rules of Interaction

Section

III. SBCT Organization

 

1-17. The Stryker Brigade Combat Team

 

1-18. Infantry Battalions

 

1-19. Cavalry Squadron (Reconnaissance, Surveillance, and Target Acquisition [RSTA])

 

1-20. Field Artillery Battalion

 

1-21. Antitank Company

 

1-22. Engineer Company

 

1-23. Signal Company

 

1-24. Military Intelligence Company

 

1-25. Brigade Support Battalion

 

1-26. Brigade Headquarters and Headquarters Company

 

1-27. SBCT Command Structure

 

1-28. SBCT Staff Structure

CHAPTER 2. BATTLE COMMAND

Section

I.   The Art of Command

 

2-1. Role of the Commander

 

2-2. Mission Command

 

2-3. Location of the Commander

 

2-4. Combining the Art of Command and the Science of Control

Section

II.   Command and Control

 

2-5. The Command and Control System

 

2-6. Command and Control System Infrastructure

 

2-7. Exercising Command and Control

 

2-8. Distribution of SBCT Command and Control

Section

III. Planning for Operations

 

2-9. Information Systems Enhancement to Decision-Making

 

2-10. The Military Decision-Making Process

 

2-11. Roles of the Commander and Executive Officer

 

2-12. The Role of Intelligence, Reconnaissance, and Surveillance

Section

IV.   The Military Decision-Making Process

 

2-13. Receipt of Mission

 

2-14. Mission Analysis

 

2-15. Course of Action Development

 

2-16. Course of Action Analysis (War Game)

 

2-17. Course of Action Comparison

 

2-18. Course of Action Approval

 

2-19. Orders Production

 

2-20. Decision-Making in a Time-Constrained Environment

Section

V.   Preparing for Operations

 

2-21. Intelligence, Reconnaissance, and Surveillance

 

2-22. Security

 

2-23. Force Protection

 

2-24. Revise and Refine the Plan

 

2-25. Coordination and Liaison

 

2-26. Rehearsals

Section

VI.   Execution

 

2-27. The Command and Control System during Execution

 

2-28. Adapting to Changes

 

2-29. Assessment

 

2-30. Decisions

 

2-31. Directing Action

CHAPTER 3. INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE, AND RECONNAISSANCE PLANNING

Section

I.   The MDMP and the ISR Operation

 

3-1. Overview

 

3-2. Responsibilities

 

3-3. ISR Planning

 

3-4. Issue the WARNO

 

3-5. Develop and Issue ISR Order

 

3-6. The ISR Overlay

Section

II.   Collection Management Process

 

3-7. Intelligence Requirements

 

3-8. The Reconnaissance and Surveillance Tasking Matrix

Section

III. Battletracking ISR

 

3-9. Process the Information

 

3-10. Receive and Record the Message

 

3-11. Filter the Information

 

3-12. Post the Information

 

3-13. Disseminate the Information

 

3-14. Modify the ISR Plan

Section

IV.   Reconnaissance Operations

 

3-15. Reconnaissance in Force

 

3-16. Zone Reconnaissance

 

3-17. Integration of the Cavalry Squadron (RSTA) and the Infantry Battalions

CHAPTER 4. OFFENSIVE OPERATIONS

Section

I.   Characteristics of the Offense

 

4-1. Surprise

 

4-2. Concentration

 

4-3. Tempo

 

4-4. Audacity

Section

II.   Forms of Maneuver

 

4-5. Envelopment

 

4-6. Turning Movement

 

4-7. Infiltration

 

4-8. Penetration

 

4-9. Frontal Attack

Section

III. Forms of Tactical Offense

 

4-10. Movement to Contact

 

4-11. Attack

 

4-12. Exploitation

 

4-13. Pursuit

Section

IV.   Offensive Planning Considerations

 

4-14. Force Organization

 

4-15. Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance

 

4-16. Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Fundamentals

 

4-17. Scheme of Maneuver

 

4-18. Fires and Effects

Section

V.   SBCT Supporting a Higher Headquarters

 

4-19. BOS Planning Considerations

 

4-20. Flank Guard

 

4-21. Secure Key Terrain

 

4-22. Conduct Follow-and-Support

 

4-23. Main Effort in the Attack

 

4-24. Counterattack in the Defense

 

4-25. Conduct Follow-and-Assume as an Exploitation Pursuit Force

CHAPTER 5. DEFENSIVE OPERATIONS

Section

I.   Fundamentals of the Defense

 

5-1. Purpose of the Defense

 

5-2. Organization of Defensive Actions

 

5-3. Characteristics of the Defense

Section

II.   Types of Defensive Operations

 

5-4. Area Defense

 

5-5. Mobile Defense

 

5-6. Perimeter Defense

Section

III. Retrograde Operations

 

5-7. Forms of Retrograde Operations

 

5-8. Delay

 

5-9. Delay Scheme of Maneuver

 

5-10. Maximizing the Use of Terrain in a Delay

 

5-11. Forcing the Enemy to Deploy and Maneuver in a Delay

 

5-12. Avoiding Decisive Engagement in a Delay

 

5-13. Parameters of the Delay Order

 

5-14. Alternate and Subsequent Positions in a Delay

 

5-15. Support Considerations in a Delay

 

5-16. Delay Preparations

 

5-17. Execution of a Delay

 

5-18. Withdrawal

 

5-19. Withdrawal Organization

 

5-20. Withdrawal Planning Considerations

 

5-21. Withdrawal Scheme of Maneuver

 

5-22. Withdrawal Preparation

 

5-23. Withdrawal Execution

 

5-24. Concealing the Withdrawal

 

5-25. Disengagement in a Withdrawal

 

5-26. Actions on Contact in a Withdrawal

 

5-27. Terminating the Withdrawal

 

5-28. Retirement

Section

IV.   Defensive Planning Considerations

 

5-29. Defensive Planning Steps

 

5-30. Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield

 

5-31. Course of Action Development

Section

V.   Sequence of the Defense

 

5-32. Occupation and Establishment of Security

 

5-33. Preparation and Continued Security Operations

 

5-34. Security Area Engagement

 

5-35. Main Battle Area Engagement

 

5-36. Follow-On Missions

Section

VI.   Countermobility, Mobility, and Survivability Integration

 

5-37. Countermobility

 

5-38. Survivability

Section

VII. Transition Operations

 

5-39. Reorganization

 

5-40. Exploit

 

5-41. Defend

CHAPTER 6. URBAN OPERATIONS

Section

I.   The SBCT's Role in Urban Operations

 

6-1. Isolation

 

6-2. Close Combat

Section

II.   Fundamentals of Urban Operations

 

6-3. Perform Focused Information Operations and Aggressive ISR Operations

 

6-4. Understand the Human Dimension

 

6-5. Separate Noncombatants from Combatants

 

6-6. Avoid the Attrition Approach

 

6-7. Control the Essential

 

6-8. Minimize Collateral Damage

 

6-9. Conduct Close Combat

 

6-10. Transition Control

 

6-11. Restore Essential Services

 

6-12. Preserve Critical Infrastructure

Section

III. Tactical Challenges

 

6-13. Contiguous and Noncontiguous Areas of Operation

 

6-14. Asymmetrical Threats

 

6-15. Collateral Damage and Noncombatant Casualties

 

6-16. Transition from Stability Operations to Combat Operations

 

6-17. Enemy Threat

 

6-18. Enemy Tactics

 

6-19. Potential Enemy Threats

 

6-20. Urban Mapping

 

6-21. Fires and Effects Support

 

6-22. Communications

 

6-23. Offensive Operations

 

6-24. Defensive Operations

 

6-25. Aviation Operations

CHAPTER 7. TACTICAL ENABLING OPERATIONS

Section

I.   Security Operations

 

7-1. Security Missions during SBCT Operations

 

7-2. SBCT-Level Security Missions

 

7-3. Offensive Cover

 

7-4. Defensive Cover

Section

II.   Relief Operations

 

7-5. Planning Considerations

 

7-6. Conducting the Relief

 

7-7. Command and Control

Section

III. Battle Handover and Passage of Lines

 

7-8. Battle Handover

 

7-9. Passage of Lines

 

7-10. Forward Passage of Lines

 

7-11. Rearward Passage of Lines

 

7-12. Rehearsal

Section

IV.   Linkup Operations

 

7-13. Command and Control

 

7-14. Forms of Linkup

Section

V.   River Crossing Operations

 

7-15. Types of Crossings

 

7-16. Phases of a River Crossing

 

7-17. Command and Control

Section

VI.   Troop Movement

 

7-18. Administrative Movement

 

7-19. Tactical Road March

 

7-20. Tactical Road March Techniques

 

7-21. Approach March

 

7-22. Assembly Areas

 

7-23. Combat Formations

 

7-24. Control of Movement

CHAPTER 8. STABILITY OPERATIONS

Section

I.   Stability Operations

 

8-1. Purpose

 

8-2. Characteristics of Stability Operations

Section

II.   Types of Stability Operations

 

8-3. Peace Operations

 

8-4. Foreign Internal Defense

 

8-5. Humanitarian and Civic Assistance

 

8-6. Support to Insurgency

 

8-7. Support to Counterinsurgency

 

8-8. Security Assistance

 

8-9. Support to Counterdrug Operations

 

8-10. Combating Terrorism

 

8-11. Noncombatant Evacuation Operations

 

8-12. Arms Control

 

8-13. Show of Force

Section

III. Planning Considerations

 

8-14. Decentralized Operations

 

8-15. Rules of Engagement

 

8-16. Rules of Interaction

 

8-17. Protection

 

8-18. Task Organization

 

8-19. Media Considerations

 

8-20. Operations with Outside Agencies

Section

IV.   Specific Considerations by BOS

 

8-21. Intelligence

 

8-22. Maneuver

 

8-23. Aviation Support

 

8-24. Fires and Effects

 

8-25. Mobility, Countermobility, and Survivability

 

8-26. Air Defense

 

8-27. Combat Service Support

 

8-28. Command and Control

 

8-29. Sequence of Stability Operations Actions

Section

V.   Techniques

 

8-30. Patrols

 

8-31. Observation Posts

 

8-32. Static Security Posts

 

8-33. Searches

 

8-34. Roadblocks and Other Checkpoints

CHAPTER 9. SUPPORT OPERATIONS

Section

I.   Characteristics of Support Operations

 

9-1. Types of Support Operations

 

9-2. The Army's Role in Support Operations

 

9-3. Forms of Support Operations

Section

II.   Planning Considerations

 

9-4. Considerations for Support Operations

 

9-5. Planning Process

 

9-6. Command and Control

 

9-7. Maneuver

 

9-8. Intelligence

 

9-9. Information Gathering

 

9-10. Fires and Effects

 

9-11. Mobility, Countermobility, and Survivability

 

9-12. Air Defense

 

9-13. Logistics

 

9-14. Other Planning Considerations

Section

III. Pattern of Operations

 

9-15. Response

 

9-16. Recovery

 

9-17. Restoration

Section

IV.   Sequence of Operations

 

9-18. Movement into the Area of Operations

 

9-19. Establishing the Base of Operations

 

9-20. Maintenance of Support

 

9-21. Terminating Operations

 

9-22. Transition to Combat

Section

V.   Training Considerations

 

9-23. Training for Support Operations

 

9-24. Specific Training for DSO or FHA Missions

CHAPTER 10. COMBAT SUPPORT

Section

I.   Fires and Effects

 

10-1. Mission and Capabilities

 

10-2. Field Artillery

 

10-3. Air Support

 

10-4. Naval Gunfire

Section

II.   Information Operations

 

10-5. Civil Affairs

 

10-6. Psychological Operations

 

10-7. Public Affairs

Section

III. Maneuver Support

 

10-8. Engineer Functions

 

10-9. Staff Engineer Section

 

10-10. Engineer Company

 

10-11. Mobility

 

10-12. Countermobility

 

10-13. Survivability

 

10-14. Military Police Support

 

10-15. Military Police Company Organization

 

10-16. Employment and Planning Considerations

Section

IV.   Air and Missile Defense

 

10-17. Air Defense Airspace Management Cell Capabilities

 

10-18. Operational Functions

Section

V.   Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical

 

10-19. Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Organization

 

10-20. Nuclear, Biological, Chemical Reconnaissance

 

10-21. Smoke Operations

Section

VI.   Intelligence

 

10-22. Purpose

 

10-23. Employment and Planning Considerations

 

10-24. Military Intelligence Company

Section

VII. Signal

 

10-25. Signal Support

 

10-26. Signal Company Organization

 

10-27. Brigade Signal Company Communications and Equipment

 

10-28. Electronic Preparation of the Battlefield

CHAPTER 11. COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT OPERATIONS

Section

I.   CSS Planning Considerations

 

11-1. General Guidelines

 

11-2. SBCT Responsibilities

 

11-3. Predeployment Activities

Section

II.   CSS in the SBCT

 

11-4. Brigade Support Battalion

 

11-5. Theater Contracting Support

 

11-6. Human Resources Support

 

11-7. Legal Support

 

11-8. Religious Support

 

11-9. Financial Management

 

11-10. Enemy Prisoners of War Management

 

11-11. Mortuary Affairs

 

11-12. Communications

 

11-13. Command and Control Systems

Section

III. Supply and Transportation Operations

 

11-14. Classes of Supply

 

11-15. Routine Resupply

 

11-16. Immediate Resupply

 

11-17. Supply and Transportation Considerations

 

11-18. Supply and Transportation Augmentation

Section

IV.   Maintenance Operations

 

11-19. SBCT Maintenance Concept

 

11-20. Maintenance Requirements

 

11-21. Company Role

 

11-22. Battalion Role

 

11-23. SBCT Role

 

11-24. Maintenance Augmentation

Section

V.   Health Service Support

 

11-25. Preventive Medicine

 

11-26. Mental Health

 

11-27. Soldiers Wounded in Action

 

11-28. Health Service Support Augmentation

 

11-29. Soldiers Killed in Action

Section

VI.   Reconstitution and Weapons Replacement

 

11-30. Reconstitution

 

11-31. Personnel Replacement Procedures

 

11-32. Replacement and Salvaging of Equipment

Section

VII. CSS From Outside the SBCT

 

11-33. Intermediate Staging Base

 

11-34. Contractor and Host Nation Support

 

11-35. Explosive Ordnance Disposal

 

11-36. Field Services

 

11-37. General Engineering Support


APPENDIX A.

CONTINUOUS OPERATIONS

APPENDIX B.

ASSURED MOBILITY

APPENDIX C.

RISK MANAGEMENT AND FRATRICIDE AVOIDANCE

APPENDIX D.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS AND COMPLIANCE

APPENDIX E.

INTEGRATION OF SPECIAL OPERATIONS, MECHANIZED, AND LIGHT FORCES

APPENDIX F.

AVIATION SUPPORT OF GROUND OPERATIONS

APPENDIX G.

AIR ASSAULT OPERATIONS

 

 

 

GLOSSARY

 

REFERENCES

 

AUTHENTICATION


DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.



NEWSLETTER
Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list